Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Published: 16-06-2021

Potency, Participation, and Development: Insights from Sustainable Tourism of Setigi in Sekapuk Village, Indonesia

UIN Sunan Kalijaga
Community-Based Tourism Sustainable Development of Tourism Social Participation Setigi Tourism


Community-Based Tourism (CBT) has become a new trend for local-based development. However, many villages have not developed this potentiality as a new commodity as a tourism-based community. For this reason, this article explains three important elements in the development of community-based tourism in the Sekapuk Village community, Gresik Regency, East Java, namely following the potential, participation, and development of Setigi tourism. This research highlights three critical issues concerning i) how the role of local communities in maximizing village potential, ii) how Community-Based Tourism practices work effectively in increasing community social awareness, and iii) how communities build new tourist destinations. The research method using observation in Setigi tourism, interviews with village leaders, managers of Tourism Awareness Group/Kelompok Sadar Wisata (Pokdarwis), local traders, and visitors. The indication of community has built Setigi tourist destinations by utilizing the potential of nature. Meanwhile, CBT is implemented in environmental conservation, tourism training, accessibility of transformation, and the development of communication systems. Setigi tourism is built based on social participation, which results in nature-based tourism destinations, the development of the Mbok Inggih kitchen, and the home industry. As a successful tourist village development, the village has achieved the icon of the Millionaire Village. Nevertheless, in the end, Setigi tourism still has limitations in optimizing the socio-cultural and socio-religious potential.


  1. Ahmad, M. S., & Abu Talib, N. B. (2014). Empowering local communities: decentralization, empowerment and community driven development. Quality and Quantity, 49(2), 827–838.
  2. Akagawa, M. (2019). Does social capital improve community-based integrated care systems? Journal of Asian Sociology, 48(4), 509–521.
  3. Aldrich, D. P., & Meyer, M. (2015). Social Capital and Community Resilience. American Behavioral Scientist, 59(2), 254–269.
  4. Ali, M. (2011). Muslim diversity: Islam and local tradition in Java and Sulawesi, Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 1(1), 1–35.
  5. Amat Ramsa Yaman dan Abdullah Mohd. (2004). Community-based Ecotourism: New Proposition for Sustainable Development and Environment Conservation in Malaysia. Journal of Applied Sciences, 4, 583–589.
  6. Asmoro, A. Y., & Aziz, M. (2020). Potensi Pengembangan Setigi sebagai Destinasi Wisata. JMK (Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan), 5(3).
  7. Ateljevic, I., & Doorne, S. (2003). Culture, economy and tourism commodities: Social relations of production and consumption. Tourist Studies, 3(2), 123–141.
  8. Atmoko, T. P. H. (2014). Strategi Pengembangan Potensi Desa Wisata Brajan Kabupaten Sleman. Jurnal Media Wisata, 12(2), 146–154.
  9. Badaruddin, B., Kariono, K., Ermansyah, E., & Sudarwati, L. (2020). Village community empowerment through village owned enterprise based on social capital in North Sumatera. Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development, 00(00), 1–13.
  10. Bobsuni, N. (2021). Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pengelolaan Objek Wisata Alam (Studi Kasus Wisata Bukit Kapur Setigi, Desa Sekapuk, Kecamatan Ujung Pangkah Kabupaten Gresik). Publika, 9(2), 215–226.
  11. Cahyanto, I., Pennington-Gray, L., & Thapa, B. (2013). Tourist-resident interfaces: using reflexive photography to develop responsible rural tourism in Indonesia. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 21(5), 732–749.
  12. Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry & Research Design: Choosing Five Tradition (2nd ed.). Sage Publication.
  13. Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2009). Handbook of Qualitatif Research. Pustaka Pelajar.
  14. Disyacitta, F., Wulandari, D., & Cahyaningrum, A. I. (2019). Land Discourses, Patronage, and the 2018 Village Election in Baleharjo, Yogyakarta. PCD Journal, 7(2), 255–282.
  15. Dodds, R., Ali, A., & Galaski, K. (2018). Mobilizing knowledge: determining key elements for success and pitfalls in developing community-based tourism. Current Issues in Tourism, 21(13), 1547–1568.
  16. Dolezal, C. (2011). Community-Based Tourism in Thailand: (Dis-)Illusions of Authenticity and the Necessity for Dynamic Concepts of Culture and Power. ASEAS-Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, 4(1), 129–138.
  17. Dolezal, Claudia, & Novelli, M. (2020). Power in community-based tourism: empowerment and partnership in Bali. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 0(0), 1–19.
  18. Eom, T., & Han, H. (2019). Community-based tourism (TourDure) experience program: a theoretical approach. Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing, 36(8), 956–968.
  19. Ermaya, B. S. (2016). Kemandirian Desa dalam Mewujudkan Pembangunan Kawasan Pedesaan. Litigasi, 16(2).
  20. Fidihama, T., Wibowo, A. T., & Yalina, N. (2020). Sistem Informasi Prioritas Pengembangan Infrastruktur Menggunakan Metode Hanlon Berdasarkan Investasi Warga Desa Sekapuk. JRST (Jurnal Riset Sains dan Teknologi), 4(1).
  21. Gascón, J. (2013). The limitations of community-based tourism as an instrument of development cooperation: the value of the Social Vocation of the Territory concept. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 21(5), 716–731.
  22. Giampiccoli, A., Jugmohan, S., & Mtapuri, O. (2014). International cooperation, Community-based tourism and capacity building: Results from a mpondoland village in South Africa. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(23), 657–667.
  23. Giampiccoli, A., Mtapuri, O., & Nauright, J. (2020). Tourism development in the Seychelles: a proposal for a unique community-based tourism alternative. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change.
  24. Giampiccoli, A., Saayman, M., & Jugmohan, S. (2016). Are ‘Albergo Diffuso’ and community-based tourism the answers to community development in South Africa? Development Southern Africa, 33(4), 548–561.
  25. Gill, P., K., S., Treasure, E., & Chadwick, B. (2008). Methods of Data Collection in Qualitative Research: Interviews and Focus Groups. British Dental Journal, 204(6), 291–295.
  26. Goodwin, H., & Santilli, R. (2009). Community-Based Tourism: a success? ICRT Occasional, Paper 11, 1–37.
  27. Graave, E. J. E., Klijs, J., & Heijman, W. (2017). The Economic Impact of Pilgrimage: An economic impact analysis of pilgrimage expenditures in Galicia. International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage, 5(3), 39–54.
  28. Hasyim, A. W. (2021). Demak Sultanate: The Fortress of Islamic Greatness in the Middle Ages Java Island. Buletin Al-Turas, 27(1), 1–16.
  29. Jayasooriya, S. S. W. (2017). Exploring the potentials , issues , and challenges for community-based tea tourism development (with reference to Hanthana Mountains ). International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, 5(2), 475–480.
  30. Johnson, P. A. (2010). Realizing Rural Community Based Tourism Development: Prospects for Social-Economy enterprises. Journal of Rural and Community Development, 5(1), 150–162.
  31. Kayat, K. (2002). Exploring factors influencing individual participation in community‐based tourism: The case of Kampung relau homestay program, Malaysia. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 7(2), 19–27.
  32. Keyim, P. (2018). Tourism Collaborative Governance and Rural Community Development in Finland: The Case of Vuonislahti. Journal of Travel Research, 57(4), 483–494.
  33. Khartishvili, L., Mitrofanenko, T., Muhar, A., & Penker, M. (2020). Issues with Applying the Concept of Community-Based Tourism in the Caucasus. Mountain Research and Development, 40(1), R11–R20.
  34. Lapeyre, R. (2010). Community-based tourism as a sustainable solution to maximise impacts locally? the tsiseb conservancy case, Namibia. Development Southern Africa, 27(5), 757–772.
  35. Lenao, M. (2015). Challenges facing community-based cultural tourism development at Lekhubu Island, Botswana: a comparative analysis. Current Issues in Tourism, 18(6), 579–594.
  36. López-Guzmán, T., Sánchez-Cañizares, S., & Pavón, V. (2011). Community-based tourism in developing countries: A case study. Tourismos, 6(1), 69–84.
  37. Luz, N. (2020). Pilgrimage and religious tourism in Islam. Annals of Tourism Research, 82(October 2019), 102915.
  38. Malatji, M. I., & Mtapuri, O. (2012). Can Community-Based Tourism Entreprises Alleviate Poverty? Toward a New Organization. Tourism Review International, 16, 1–14.
  39. Mayaka, M. A., Lacey, G., & Rogerson, C. M. (2020). Empowerment process in community-based tourism: Friend relationship perspective. Development Southern Africa, 37(5), 791–808.
  40. Miles, & Huberman. (1994). Qualitative Data Analisys. Sage Publication.
  41. Mtapuri, O., & Giampiccoli, A. (2016). Towards a comprehensive model of community-based tourism development. South African Geographical Journal, 98(1), 154–168.
  42. Mtapuri, O., & Giampiccoli, A. (2019). Tourism, community-based tourism and ecotourism: a definitional problematic. South African Geographical Journal, 101(1), 22–35.
  43. Nair, V., & Hamzah, A. (2015). Article information: Succesful community-based tourism approach for rural destinations. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 7(5), 429–439.
  44. Nugroho, P., & Numata, S. (2020). Changes in residents’ attitudes toward community-based tourism through destination development in Gunung Ciremai national park, Indonesia. Tourism Recreation Research, 0(0), 1–19.
  45. Nur, S. (2020). Wisata Setigi Gresik Terima Penghargaan Bergengsi di Bali. Times Indonesia. Retrieved from
  46. Rachmawatie, D., Rustiadi, E., Fauzi, A., & Juanda, B. (2020). Empowerment of rural community through the development of renewable electricity. Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 8(2), 139–154.
  47. Stone, M. T., & Rogerson, C. M. (2011). Community-Based Natural Resource Management and Tourism: Nata Bird Sanctuary, Botswana. Tourism Review International, 15, 159–169.
  48. Stone, M. T., & Stone, L. S. (2020). Challenges of community-based tourism in Botswana: a review of literature. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 75(2), 181–193.
  49. Waston. (2018). Building peace through mystic philosophy: study on the role of Sunan Kalijaga in Java. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 8(2), 281–308.
  50. Wijijayanti, T., Agustina, Y., Winarno, A., Istanti, L. N., & Dharma, B. A. (2020). Rural tourism: A local economic development. Australasian Accounting, Business and Finance Journal, 14(1 Special Issue), 5–13.
  51. Xu, K., Zhang, J., & Tian, F. (2017). Community leadership in rural tourism development: A tale of two ancient Chinese villages. Sustainability, 9(12), 2344.
  52. Yin, R. K. (2014). Case study research design and methods (5th ed). SAGE Publications.
  53. Zapata, M. J., Hall, C. M., Lindo, P., & Vanderschaeghe, M. (2011). Can community-based tourism contribute to development and poverty alleviation? Lessons from nicaragua. Current Issues in Tourism, 14(8), 725–749.
  54. Zielinski, S., Kim, S. il, Botero, C., & Yanes, A. (2020). Factors that facilitate and inhibit community-based tourism initiatives in developing countries. Current Issues in Tourism, 23(6), 723–739.