Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Articles
Published: 09-12-2021

Inventing the Pandemic Lifestyles: Bicycle Tourism during COVID-19

UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
Cycle tourism Community Pandemic COVID-19 Lifestyle

Abstract

The COVID-19 outbreak has harshly accelerated existing future of social life and changed how people approach and act toward it, including in the aspect of sport and tourism, that can be claimed to have created the pandemic's new social orders. This article, in essence, examines the cycling meanings and experiences of Yogyakarta’s cyclists in both individual and communal contexts during the pandemic. Having been categorized as an active sport which supports social and physical distance campaigns, the shift of meaning of cycle tourism both to increase immune system and to enjoy sightseeing at once is applied to critically explain the way people understand the cycling itself. In line with the motivational aspects, the meaning of cycling has shown fascinating facts shifted from regular sport to be more valuable due to disruptions during the pandemic. By applying qualitative descriptive methods, this research conducted observations and interviews with cyclists and cycling communities. This article shows two findings. First, the shift of meaning and awareness of cycling is considered as a pandemic sport because of a compatibility with its health protocols and as a sustainable tourism sector; and second, the emergence of cycle tourism as a pandemic lifestyle shaped constantly with social narratives of a pandemic. The psychological aspects have also become additional notes explained by this article.

References

  1. Alexander, J. C., & Smith, P. (2020). COVID-19 and symbolic action: global pandemic as code, narrative, and cultural performance. American Journal of Cultural Sociology, 8(3), 263–269. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41290-020-00123-w
  2. Bechauf, R. (2020). Cycling and COVID-19: Why investments to boost cycling are important for a sustainable recovery. Sustainable Recovery. https://www.iisd.org/sustainable-recovery/cycling-and-covid-19-why-investments-to-boost-cycling-are-important-for-a-sustainable-recovery/
  3. Buning, R. J., & Lamont, M. (2021). Mountain bike tourism economic impacts: A critical analysis of academic and practitioner studies. Tourism Economics, 27(3), 500–509. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354816620901955
  4. CNN Indonesia. (2021a). 5 Fakta Menarik Suku Baduy yang Desanya Nol Kasus Corona. https://www.cnnindonesia.com/gaya-hidup/20210122103508-269-597035/5-fakta-menarik-suku-baduy-yang-desanya-nol-kasus-corona
  5. CNN Indonesia. (2021b). Hampir Setahun Pandemi, Suku Baduy Nol Kasus Corona. https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20210121122124-20-596637/hampir-setahun-pandemi-suku-baduy-nol-kasus-corona
  6. Dinescu, A. (2011). The sociology of tourism. European origins and developments. In Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change (Vol. 9, Issue 2). https://doi.org/10.1080/14766825.2011.560499
  7. Dixon, D. (2017). Encyclopedia of Tourism. In Reference Reviews (Vol. 31, Issue 3). https://doi.org/10.1108/rr-12-2016-0289
  8. Doucet, B., & Mazumder, R. (2020). COVID-19 cyclists: Expanding bike lane network can lead to more inclusive cities. The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/covid-19-cyclists-expanding-bike-lane-network-can-lead-to-more-inclusive-cities-144343
  9. Gazzola, P., Pavione, E., Grechi, D., & Ossola, P. (2018). Cycle tourism as a driver for the sustainable development of little-known or remote territories: The experience of the Apennine regions of northern Italy. Sustainability (Switzerland), 10(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/su10061863
  10. Gössling, S., Scott, D., & Hall, C. M. (2020). Pandemics, tourism and global change: a rapid assessment of COVID-19. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2020.1758708
  11. Gretzel, U., Fuchs, M., Baggio, R., Hoepken, W., Law, R., Neidhardt, J., Pesonen, J., Zanker, M., & Xiang, Z. (2020). e-Tourism beyond COVID-19: a call for transformative research. Information Technology and Tourism, 22(2), 187–203. https://doi.org/10.1007/S40558-020-00181-3
  12. Han, H., Meng, B., & Kim, W. (2017). Emerging bicycle tourism and the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25(2), 292–309. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2016.1202955
  13. Hannam, K., Butler, G., Witte, A., & Zuev, D. (2021). Tourist’s mobilities: Walking, cycling, driving and waiting. Tourist Studies, 21(1), 57–69. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468797621992931
  14. Higgins-Desbiolles, F. (2020). Socialising tourism for social and ecological justice after COVID-19. Tourism Geographies, 22(3), 610–623. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616688.2020.1757748
  15. Iassinovskaia, K. (2021). How pandemic bike lanes made some Canadian cities more accessible. CBC News. https://www.cbc.ca/news/science/pandemic-bike-lanes-canada-1.5951863
  16. Jamal, T., & Budke, C. (2020). Tourism in a world with pandemics: local-global responsibility and action. Journal of Tourism Futures, 6(2), 181–188. https://doi.org/10.1108/JTF-02-2020-0014
  17. Kozak, M., & Kozak, N. (Eds.). (2016). Tourist Behaviour: An International Perspective. CAB International 2016.
  18. Kraus, S., & Koch, N. (2021). Provisional COVID-19 infrastructure induces large, rapid increases in cycling. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(15). https://doi.org/10.1073/PNAS.2024399118
  19. Lindawati, L., Damayanti, A., & Putri, D. H. (2021). The Potential of Community-Based Nomadic Tourism Development: Insight from Three Case Study in Yogyakarta. Jurnal Pemberdayaan Masyarakat: Media Pemikiran Dan Dakwah Pembangunan, 5(1), 135–162. https://doi.org/10.14421/jpm.2021.051-06
  20. Lumsdon, L. (2000). Transport and tourism: Cycle tourism – a model for sustainable development? Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 8(5), 361–377. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669580008667373
  21. Meschik, M. (2012). Sustainable Cycle Tourism along the Danube Cycle Route in Austria. Tourism Planning and Development, 9(1), 41–56. https://doi.org/10.1080/21568316.2012.653478
  22. Nikitas, A., Tsigdinos, S., Karolemeas, C., Kourmpa, E., & Bakogiannis, E. (2021). Cycling in the era of covid-19: Lessons learnt and best practice policy recommendations for a more bike-centric future. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094620
  23. Nilsson, J. H. (2019). Urban bicycle tourism: path dependencies and innovation in Greater Copenhagen. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 27(11), 1648–1662. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2019.1650749
  24. Ntounis, N., Parker, C., Skinner, H., Steadman, C., & Warnaby, G. (2021). Tourism and Hospitality industry resilience during the Covid-19 pandemic: Evidence from England. Https://Doi.Org/10.1080/13683500.2021.1883556. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2021.1883556
  25. Pucher, J., Dill, J., & Handy, S. (2010). Infrastructure, programs, and policies to increase bicycling: An international review. Preventive Medicine, 50(SUPPL.), S106–S125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.07.028
  26. Rachmawati. (2020). Komunitas Sepeda Gowes 500 Km Selama 24 Jam Menuju Solo untuk Promosikan Wisata Banyuwangi. Kompas. https://regional.kompas.com/read/2020/12/27/09400081/komunitas-sepeda-gowes-500-km-selama-24-jam-menuju-solo-untuk-promosikan?page=all
  27. Rantung, F. (2021, February 19). Jogja Lebih Bike untuk Tingkatkan Kualitas Udara Yogyakarta. https://ekbis.sindonews.com/read/339814/34/jogja-lebih-bike-untuk-tingkatkan-kualitas-udara-yogyakarta-1613671346/10
  28. Reid, C. (2020). How to take a cycling holiday this year despite the pandemic. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/travel/bike-blog/2020/aug/12/how-to-take-a-cycling-holiday-this-year-despite-the-pandemic
  29. Ritchie, B. W., Tkaczynski, A., & Faulks, P. (2010). Understanding the motivation and travel behavior of cycle tourists using involvement profiles. Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing, 27(4), 409–425. https://doi.org/10.1080/10548408.2010.481582
  30. Roman, M., & Roman, M. (2014). Bicycle Transport as an Opportunity to Develop Urban Tourism – Warsaw Example. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 151, 295–301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.10.027
  31. Sevinc, F., Harman, S., & Duran, E. (2018). Cycle Tourism as an Alternative Way of Tourism Development in Çanakkale, Turkey. Journal of Awareness, 3(4), 25–34. https://doi.org/10.26809/joa.2018445552
  32. Shaw, G., & Williams, A. M. (2004). Tourism and tourism spaces. Tourism and Tourism Spaces, 1–311. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781446220528
  33. Sidebang, F. A. (2021, June 21). Wisata Sepeda di Tengah Pandemi. Republika. https://republika.co.id/berita/gaya-hidup/trend/qv19bh4825000/wisata-sepeda-di-tengah-pandemi
  34. Slocum, S., & Kline, C. (Eds.). (2017). Linking Urban and Rural Tourism: Strategies in Sustainability (Vol. 1, pp. 2009–2012).
  35. Sutton, M. (2020). Economies benefit as cycle tourism sets records in European countries. Cycling Industry. https://cyclingindustry.news/economies-benefit-as-cycle-tourism-sets-records-in-european-countries/
  36. Torres, R. M., & Momsen, J. H. (Eds.). (2011). Tourism and Agriculture. In Tourism and Agriculture. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203834404
  37. Weed, M. (2020). The role of the interface of sport and tourism in the response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Sport and Tourism, 0(0), 79–92. https://doi.org/10.1080/14775085.2020.1794351
  38. WHO Europe. (2021). Promoting cycling can save lives and advance health across Europe through improved air quality and increased physical activity. WHO/Europe. https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/environment-and-health/Transport-and-health/news/news/2021/6/promoting-cycling-can-save-lives-and-advance-health-across-europe-through-improved-air-quality-and-increased-physical-activity
  39. Yasa, R. M. (2021, March 14). Desa, Sawah, dan Wisata Sepeda. Kompas. https://www.kompas.id/baca/nusantara/2021/03/14/desa-sawah-dan-wisata-sepeda
  40. Zafri, N. M., Khan, A., Jamal, S., & Alam, B. M. (2021). Impacts of the covid-19 pandemic on active travel mode choice in bangladesh: A study from the perspective of sustainability and new normal situation. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(12). https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126975