Musawa Jurnal Studi Gender dan Islam http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/pusat/MUSAWA <p>Musãwa Journal of Gender and Islamic Studies was first published in March 2002 by <a href="http://psw.uin-suka.ac.id/">PSW (Pusat Studi Wanita) </a>Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta under contribution with the Royal Danish Embassy Jakarta. In 2008, published twice a year in collaboration with <a href="https://asiafoundation.org/where-we-work/indonesia/">TAF (The Asia Foundation)</a>, namely January and July.</p> <p>Musãwa Journal is a study of gender and Islam especially on gender mainstreaming and child rights both in the study of texts in the Qur’an and Hadith, figures and thoughts, history and repertoire, classical and contemporary literature as well as socio-cultural studies. All concentrations are in the context of Indonesia and other countries in Southeast Asia within the framework of unified NKRI, based on Pancasila.</p> <p>Musãwa Journal has been published by PSW UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta since 2002. Initiated by lecturers, gender activists and Islamic studies scholars of PTKI ( Higher Education of Islamic Religion) Musãwa has regularly published academic works and researches on gender and Islam for almost two decades. Now, the Journal extends its studies with Children and Human Rights (HAM). All studies are still in the context of gender and its mainstreaming. Through the studies hopefully, the Musawa journal can be part of the implementation of gender mainstreaming in the context of Indonesian society.</p> <p> </p> Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University & The Asia Foundation en-US Musawa Jurnal Studi Gender dan Islam 1412-3460 Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<ol type="a"><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" target="_self">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li></ol> Perempuan dan Politik Industri Kreatif dalam Kerangka Pembangunan: Lesson Learned dari Indonesia dan Thailand http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/pusat/MUSAWA/article/view/201.1-15 <p>Sebagai salah satu upaya meningkatkan peran perempuan dalam pembangunan, Indonesia dan Thailand melakukan pengembangan industri kreatif yang diharapkan dapat menjadi wadah bagi perempuan berpartisipasi dalam pembangunan nasional. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis bagaimana Pemerintah kedua negara mengikutsertakan perempuan dalam pembangunan melalui industri kreatif dan melihat strategi Pemerintah kedua negara untuk merekognisi dan mengakomodasi kepentingan perempuan dalam pembangunan. Dengan menggunakan metode studi dokumen berdasarkan beberapa literatur yang terkait dengan perempuan dan pembangunan, analisis gender, serta dokumen-dokumen resmi baik dari PBB maupun dokumen resmi kedua negara, penulis menemukan bahwa sektor industri kreatif di kedua negara ini masih cenderung condong pada pendekatan Women in Development yang hanya “menambahkan" perempuan dalam roda pembangunan nasional tanpa ada upaya bagi pemberdayaan yang signifikan. Hal ini dikarenakan masih kurangnya pengembangan sumber daya manusia dan berbagai pelatihan yang dapat menjadi bekal bagi perempuan dalam pembangunan. Di Indonesia, hal tersebut dapat dilihat dari minimnya modal UMKM yang pada awalnya dijanjikan akan menjadi tempat bagi perempuan dalam pembangunan sektor industri kreatif. Sementara di Thailand, banyak perempuan-khususnya yang bekerja di bidang industri hiburan dan pariwisata-yang pada akhirnya justru jatuh pada dunia prostitusi. Kondisi yang terjadi di kedua negara ini menunjukkan bahwa upaya pelibatan perempuan dalam roda pembangunan belum memperhatikan ketimpangan hubungan antara laki-laki dan perempuan. Sehingga, alih-alih mengikutsertakan perempuan dalam pembangunan justru membuat perempuan terperangkap dalam aral pembangunan itu sendiri.</p><p> </p><p><strong>[</strong><em>As one of the country’s strategies to empower women in national development, Indonesia and Thailand develop a creative industry that is expected to be a place for women to participate in each national development. This paper aims to analyze how the governments of both countries include women in development through the creative industry and see the government's strategy to recognize and accommodate women's interests in development. Using documentary data related to women and development, gender analysis, as well as official documents from both the United Nations and official documents of the two countries, the author found that the creative industries in both countries are still inclined towards the Women in Development approach which only "adds" women to the national development without any significant effort for empowerment. This is because there is still a lack of human resource development and various pieces of training that can be a provision for women in development. In Indonesia, this can be seen from the lack of MSME capital which was initially promised to be a place for women in the development of the creative industry sector, while in Thailand, many women - especially those who work in the entertainment and tourism industries - eventually fell into prostitution. Looking at those conditions in both countries, we can conclude that the efforts to involve women in development through the creative industry sector have not paid attention to the inequality of relations between men and women. Consequently, instead of including women in development, this action makes women trapped in the drawbacks of development itself.]</em></p> Mouliza Kristhopher Donna Sweinstani Copyright (c) 2021 Mouliza Kristhopher Donna Sweinstani 2021-06-22 2021-06-22 20 1 1 15 10.14421/musawa.2021.201.1-15 Poligami sebagai Perkawinan Abnormal: Kajian terhadap Syariat Islam http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/pusat/MUSAWA/article/view/201.2-17-30 <p class="6AbstrakInd"><span lang="IN">Polarisasi poligami dewasa ini menyeruak di permukaan. Hal ini ditengarai oleh pihak-pihak yang mengkampanyekan poligami dengan massif. Secara tidak sehat, Al-Quran dan Hadis dijadikan alat guna membungkus kampanye tersebut seolah poligami itu ‘Islami’. Akibatnya timbul paradoks, di mana sebagian orang berasumsi bahwa Islam agama yang pro dan mendukung poligami. Fakta demikian perlu diluruskan mengingat secara prinsip, agama Islam menjunjung tinggi penghormatan dan keadilan atas sesama makhluk Tuhan. Tidak boleh ada superioritas atas satu pihak yang berakibat memarginalkan pihak lain. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini berusaha membedah fikih poligami dalam Islam bagaimana sesungguhnya konteks poligami berlaku dan apakah benar Islam mendukung hal tersebut. Penelitian ini menggunakan kajian normatif dengan pendekatan komprehensif guna menghasilkan konklusi yang akurat dan valid. Hipotesa kajian ini hendak membangun pemahaman bahwa poligami adalah pernikahan yang layak dipakai sebagai alternatif dengan berbagai fakta di antaranya secara prinsip fikih tidak menganjurkan poligami. Ayat poligami tidak bermakna wajib namun kebolehan, poligami Rasulullah s.a.w. bukan karena hasrat, hikmah pernikahan kontradiksi dengan poligami serta pendapat dari beberapa cendikiawan Muslim menyangkut persoalan poligami. Sejurus dengan temuan tersebut, poligami layak diperbincangkan pada ranah ‘abnormal’ dimana tidak semua kondisi praktik demikian patut dilakukan.</span></p><p class="8AbstrakEng"><span lang="EN-US">[</span><span lang="IN">The polarization of polygamy is currently on the surface. This is suspected by those who are campaigning for polygamy. Unhealthily, Al-Quran and Hadith are used as tools to wrap the campaign as if polygamy is “Islamic” Polygamy, Sharia, Alternative. The result is a paradox, where some people assume that Islam is a pro and supports polygamy. This fact needs to be straightened out considering that the Islamic religion upholds respect and justice for fellow divine beings in principle. There must be no superiority over one party, which results in the marginalization of the other. Therefore, this study seeks to dissect the polygamy sharia in Islam, how the context of polygamy applies and whether Islam supports it. This study uses a normative study with a comprehensive approach to producing accurate and valid conclusions. This study’s hypothesis is to understand that polygamy is alternative fikih with various facts, including in principle that jurisprudence does not advocate polygamy. The verse polygamy does not mean obligatory but permissible, polygamy the Prophet s.a.w. not because of the passion, wisdom of marriage and polygamy, and some Muslim scholars’ opinions. In line with these findings, polygamy deserves to be discussed in the realm of ‘abnormal’ where not all practice conditions are appropriate.</span><span lang="EN-US">]</span></p> Muhammad Nasrulloh Doli Witro Copyright (c) 2021 Muhammad Nasrulloh, Doli Witro 2021-07-05 2021-07-05 20 1 17 30 10.14421/musawa.2021.201.2-17-30 Positioning Isu Disabilitas dalam Gerakan Gender dan Disabilitas http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/pusat/MUSAWA/article/view/201.3-31-46 <p>Perempuan penyandang disabilitas mengalami marginalisasi dan diskriminasi, yang mengakibatkan terabaikannya hak-hak mereka untuk mendapatkan akses pendidikan, kesehatan, pekerjaan, dan keadilan. Mereka terdiskriminasi karena perempuan, disabilitas dan kemiskinan. Multidiskriminasi terhadap perempuan penyandang disabilitas tersebut menghegemoni baik secara kultural maupun struktural. Secara kultural, persepsi keluarga dan masyarakat yang masih negatif terkait disabilitas berimplikasi tidak terpenuhinya pada kebutuhan dasar perempuan dengan disabilitas. Kondisi ini diperkuat dengan hambatan struktural, dimana kebijakan yang telah dilahirkan oleh pemerintah belum sepenuhnya berbasis keadilan gender dan disabilitas serta belum diiringi implementasi kebijakan dengan baik. Penelitian ini berlokasi di Yogyakarta dengan mendeskripsikan isu-isu disabilitas dan positioningnya dalam gerakan feminis dan gerakan disabilitas. Tahapan penelitian melalui dari pengumpulan data (observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi) dilanjutkan dengan kategorisasi, analisis data dan yang terakhir penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan program pemerintah mayoritas belum menempatkan perempuan penyandang disabilitas sebagai subyek pembangunan, namun mayoritas mereka masih diposisikan sebagai obyek pembangunan. Disisi lain perjuangan advokasi terhadap isu perempuan penyandang disabilitas yang dilakukan oleh aktor perempuan penyandang disabilitas dan organisasi yang mengangkat isu disabilitas belum semuanya menggunakan pendekatan intersection yakni adanya irisan diskriminasi gender dan disabilitas dalam perjuangan advokasi mereka.</p><p>[Women with disabilities experience double or even multiple marginalization and discrimination that result in the violation of their rights to get access to education, health, employment, and others. The multiple discrimination against women with disabilities is occurring in both cultural and structural level. Culturally, stigma and negative perspectives of family and community on disabilities contribute to the unmet needs of women with disabilities in education, health and other basic needs. Such condition is exacerbated by the absence of gender equality and disability perspective on the implementation on government policies in various important issues that structurally further marginalize women with disabilities. This research is located in DI Yogyakarta by describing disability issues and their positioning in the feminist movement and the disability movement. Stages of research through data collection (observation, interviews, and documentation) followed by categorization, data analysis and finally drawing conclusions. The results of this study indicate that most government programs place women with disabilities as subjects of development, but many of their orientations are still objects of development. On the other hand, the struggle for women with disabilities issues carried out by persons with disabilities and organizations that raise disability issues have not all used a cross-sectional approach, namely the differences in gender discrimination and disability in their advocacy struggles.]</p><p align="center"> </p> Islamiyatur Islam Rokhmah Ro'fah Ro'fah Copyright (c) 2021 Islamiyatur Islam Rokhmah, Ro'fah Ro'fah 2021-09-28 2021-09-28 20 1 31 46 10.14421/musawa.2021.201.3-31-46