Illegal Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing: Upaya Mencegah dan Memberantas Illegal Fishing dalam Membangun Poros Maritim Indonesia

Abdul Qodir Jaelani

Abstract


Indonesia has had some legislation as the legal basis on which the prevention and
eradication of illegal fishing in Indonesia thats include the Territorial Sea Act 1939
and the Maritime Environment (Territorial Zee en Maritime Kringen Ordonantie,
Stbl.1939 No. 442), UU No. 17 of 1985 on the Ratification of the United Nations
Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), UU No. 5 of 1983 on the
Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone, Act No. 21 of 1992 on Shipping, UU No. 6
of 1996 About Indonesian water , UU No. 31 Year 2004 jo. Act No. 45 of 2009
on the Fisheries Act No. 32 of about Marine, Regulation of the Minister of Marine
and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia Number 2 / CANDY-KP / 2015 on the
Prohibition of the Use of Fishing Trawler and trawl Pull in Regional Fisheries
Management of the Republic of Indonesia. But the reality in Indonesia is still a lot of
cases of illegal fishing going on, it can be seen from the development of Non-Tax
Revenues from KP sector fluctuated. In 2012, the Supreme Audit Agency (BPK)
estimates of IUU fishing state losses of Rp 300 trillion and cause damage to habitats
and marine ecosystems. Including illegal fishing that accompanied the destruction of the
marine environment either by blast fishing, trawling, and using cyanide.

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