Fikih NKRI: Landasan Berkonstitusi Bagi Umat di Indonesia

Masnun Tahir

Abstract


Muslim constitute the overwhelming majority of Indonesia’s population. The Islamic law in Indonesia has evolved from time to time in line with the demands of the changing history. Recently, and during the era of reformasi –it is commonly known sothe Islamic law has been progressively positivised. By this we mean the dynamics within which the Islamic law has the ability to respond to the new situation that requires the re-thinking of someof its dictums. The role of the government has equally been good; it is completely supportive of this process. This shift in direction taken by Islamic law is due to the fact that the colonial law in the country has become rotten. It is no longer able to deal with the ever-changing situations of this Muslim-majority country. This paper discusses this historic turn, and embarks on the debate concerning the advantages of the Islamic law for a Muslim country like Indonesia.

Several Islamic countries have attempted to write constitutions which are basedon the principles of the fikih (syari’ah) and, at the same time, they have borrowed procedural forms from Western constitutionalism. However, combining two different systems in a constitution is not an easy task. It is possible that there are some compromising and even conflicting views and values. This leads to the first question addressed in the thesis: Is fikih compatible with the principles and procedural form of constitutionalism?


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/sh.v4i1.1969

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