THE EDUCATION FUNCTION OF EFFECTIVENESS ON LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR, SCHOOL CLIMATE, AND TEACHER PERFORMANCE
The cause of the decrease quality of education is the problem of school effectiveness. This study examines the variable model of school effectiveness on leadership behavior, school environment climate, and teacher performance. The research approach uses quantitative and correlational types. The population of this research is the teachers of Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Negeri in Malang City. The sampling technique is a saturated sample or census. The data collection tool is a questionnaire. Questionnaire statements assess on a Likert scale. Validity compares with calculated r-value with r table for Degree of Freedom (df) = n-k at Alpha 0.05. The reliability test carries with using the Cronbach Alpha test. Data analysis uses Partial Least Square (PLS) to analyze Outer Model and Inner Model data along with Bootstrapping. In the research findings, leadership behavior has a significant effect on teacher performance, and school climate has no impact on teacher performance. Principal leadership behavior and teacher performance affect the effectiveness of madrasas. Another finding is that an indirect effect between leadership behavior through teacher performance. There is no direct influence between school climate through teacher performance. School effectiveness is determined by teacher performance.
Ali, N., Sharma, S., & Zaman, A. (2016). School Culture and School Effectiveness: Secondary Schools in Pakistan. Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Management, 4(4), 50–65.
The deal, T. E., & Peterson, K. D. (2016). Shaping School Culture. Shaping School Culture (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Denison, D. R. (1996). What is the Difference Between Organizational Culture and Organizational Climate? A Native's Point of View on a Decade of Paradigm Wars. The Academy of Management Review, 21(3), 619–654.
Emiliasari, R. N. (2018). An Analysis of Teachers' Pedagogical Competence in Lesson Study of MGMP SMP Majalengka. Journal of English Language Teaching in Indonesia, 6(1), 22–33.
Fitriyani. (2016). Mengapa Kemampuan Belajar Siswa Sekolah Dasar di Indonesia Buruk? The Asian Parent Indonesia. Jakarta.
Hallinger, P. (2009). Leadership for 21st Century Schools : From Instructional Leadership to Leadership for Learning. Cambridge Journal of Education, 33(3), 329–340.
Hallinger, P., & Heck, R. H. (2011). Exploring the Principal's Contribution to School Effectiveness. School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 9(2), 157–191.
Heyward, M., & Sopantini. (2011). Indonesia: The Challenges of Quality and Quality in Education. Education in South Asia. Oxford: The Palladium Group.
J. Sergiovanni, Martin Burlingame, Fred D. Coombs, and Paul W. Thurston, T. E. (1987). Educational Governance and Administration. NASSP Bulletin. Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
J Scheerens; R J Bosker. (1997). The Foundations of Educational Effectiveness. New York: Emerald Publishing.
Jin Yang, C. S. and S. R. (2015). The Role of Higher Education in Promoting Lifelong Learning. (J. Yang, C. Schneller, & S. Roche, Eds.)UNESCO Institute for Life Long Learning. Hamburg: UNESCO Institute for Life-Long Learning.
Khan, A. (2013). A Qualitative Study of Foreign Funded Capacity Development Program of Head Teachers: Lessons from Pakistan. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 1(12), 107–123.
Leithwood, K., & Levin, B. (2004). Understanding How Leadership Influences Student Learning. The Wallace Foundation. New York.
Leithwood, Ken, & McAdie, P. (2007). Teacher Working Conditions that Matter. Elementary Teachers Federation of Ontario. Toronto: ON: Elementary Teachers Federation of Ontario.
Leithwood, Kenneth. (2007). The Emotional Side of School Improvement: A Leadership Perspective. International Handbook of School Effectiveness and Improvement. Netherlands: Springer.
Loeb, S., Kalogrides, D., & Béteille, T. (2012). Effective Schools: Teacher Hiring, Assignment, Development, and Retention. Education Finance and Policy, 7(3), 269–304.
Neely, A., Gregory, M., & Platts, K. (2005). Performance Measurement System Design: A Literature Review and Research Agenda. International Journal of Operations and Production Management, 25(12), 1228–1263.
Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2013). Organizational Behavior 15th Edition. The Curated Reference Collection in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology. New Jersey: Pearson Education.
Rusyan, A. T., & Wijaya, C. (2000). Kemampuan Dasar Guru dalam Proses Belajar Mengajar. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.
Sani, A., Ekowati, V. M., Wekke, I. S., & Idris, I. (2018). Respective Contribution of Entrepreneurial Leadership Through Organizational Citizenship Behaviour in Creating Employee's Performance. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, 24(4), 1–11.
Sani, A., & Maharani, V. (2012). The Impacts of Transformational Leadership and Organizational Commitment on Job Performance with the Among Lecturers of Faculty in the Islamic Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang University: The Mediating Effects of Organizational Citizenship Behavior. International Journal of Academic Research, 4(4), 99–103.
Silins, H., & Mulford, B. (2007). Leadership for Organisational Learning and Student Outcomes. International Handbook of School Effectiveness and Improvement. Netherlands: Springer.
Sukasni, A., & Efendy, H. (2017). The Problematic of Education System in Indonesia and Reform Agenda. International Journal of Education, 9(3), 183–199.
Supriyanto, A. S., Ekowati, V. M., & Maghfuroh, U. (2020). Do Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Work Satisfaction Mediate the Relationship Between Spiritual Leadership and Employee Performance? Management Science Letters, 10, 1107–1114.
Wayne K. Hoy, C. G. M. (2012). Educational Administration: Theory, Research, and Practice. New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies.
Copyright (c) 2021 Delita Pristyowati, Sri Rahayu, Wahidmurni Wahidmurni, Achmad Sani Supriyanto
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal and also allows to remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially with contributions under the same license as the original.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.