Online Radicalism, When Online Surfing Leads to Suffering

Imam Malik,1* Khoirul Anam,2 Sukron Ma’mun3

   1 Western Sydney University, Australia
   2 Sampoerna University Jakarta, Indonesia
   3 Western Sydney University, Australia
   * Corresponding Author



The development of online media has long played big roles in the spreading of intolerance and radicalism, in some levels, the online media is also used as a media to spread propaganda and to conduct online recruitment. Data compiled by Gabriel Weimann shows that radical groups use online media seriously to spread their wings in influencing and asking people to joint their movement. In 1998, radical-terrorist groups only had 12 sites, while in 2003 they had 2.650 sites. The number increased so high in 2014 where these groups are known to have more than 9.800 sites. The shifting place, from offline to online, used by radical groups to conduct their activities impacts to the targets they aim; online radicalism targets youth to become ‘jihadis’. A national survey conducted by Wahid Foundation on potency of intolerance and radicalism in Rohis (an after-school program focused on Islamic spirituality) shows this fact; 33% Rohis put terrorist suspect like Amrozi, Imam Samudra, Abu Bakar Ba’asyir, and Bahrun Na’im as the living example of Muslim practicing the real jihad. 37% believes that Osama bin Laden died syahid, 6% of them even support international terrorist group, ISIS. The article is designed to analyze how radical groups use online media to radicalize youth, as well as supporting factors surrounding the live of youth, especially in big cities of Indonesia.


online radicalism, deradicalisation, cyber-terrorism

Full Text:



Adi Fida Rahman, “Indonesia Negara Paling ‘cerewet’ di Dunia,” in (December 7, 2016);

APJII, “Saat anak-anak Mulai Konsumsi Internet,” Bulletin APJIII, edition 05, November 2016.

Awareness Brief, (2014) Online Radicalization to Violent Extrimism,

Critics delivered here is based on the case of A London-based website called Radical Middle Way which campaign a peaceful and tolerant Islam. They received strong criticism from some Muslim groups because it published at the outset that they received financial support from the British government. See, Naureen Chowdhury Fink & Jack Barclay: Mastering the Narrative: Counterterrorism Strategic Communication and the United Nations.

Frank J. Cilluffo and Gregory Saathoff, NETworked Radicalization: A Counter-Strategy, George Washington University Homeland Security Policy Institute and the University of Virginia Critical Incident Analysis Group, May 2007; available at http://www Radicalization_A Counter Strategy.pdf

Gabriel Weimann, (2010) “Terror on Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube,” Brown Journal of World Affairs 16, no. 2.

ICSR, (2009), “Countering Online Radicalisation: A Strategy for Action,” in A Policy Report. London.

Irfan Abubakar, (2016) Effective Strategic Communication in Countering Radicalism in Indonesia, P, 3. (

J. Rami Mroz, Countering Violent Extremism: Videopower and Cyberspace (New York: EastWest Institute, February 2008); available at

Maura Conway, (2014), From “Cyberterrorism” to “Online Radicalism”,

Ofcom, (2008) The Communications Market 2008 (London: Ofcom); available at http://www.ofcom. org.ukresearch/cm/cmr08/keypoints/

Thomas L. Friedman, The Lexus and the Olive Tree (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1999).

V. Arianti and Nur Irfani Saripi, (2012) “Indonesia’s Counter Radicalisation Programme: Challenges from the Radicals” RSIS COMMENTARIES 001. p.2.

V. Arianti and Nur Irfani Saripi, (2012) “Indonesia’s Counter Radicalisation Programme.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Imam Malik

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin

ISSN 1411-3775  |   E-ISSN 2548-4729

Accredited by the Deputy of Research and Development, The Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia, No. B/1796/E5.2/KI.02.00/2020.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under
a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).