Bissu on Contesting Indigeneity with Islamic Puritanism in the Sacred Arena

Main Article Content

Suheri Suheri
Rabiatul Adawiah
Ahmed Sarjoon Razick
Hasse Jubba

Abstract

The presence of Islam in the Bugis Bone tribe not only changes people's beliefs but also traditional activities such as wedding rituals, mappalili (traditional ceremonies before planting rice), guarding arajang (heirlooms). The positions of Bissu, who is an indigenous leader, are very influential in the Bugis Bone community, but nowadays, its existence is discredited by the presence of Islamic hegemony. This research focuses on the transformation of the perseverance of Bissu in the leadership of traditional rituals in the Bugis Bone Tribe, before and after interacting with Islamic religious values. This study uses a descriptive method that describes the social conditions in the life of Bissu, by observation and interview techniques to the Bissu, Muslim leaders, and cultural actor. This study found the fact that the existence of Islam had a dominant influence on the social status of Bissu, which resulted in their role as leaders of traditional rituals being less respected by the community. The role of Bissu in daily activities has become less involved because it has been replaced by the values of religious puritanism. The government needs to educate the history of Bissu and the cultural traditions of Bone to the public and young generation. 

Article Details

How to Cite
Suheri, Suheri, Rabiatul Adawiah, Ahmed Sarjoon Razick, and Hasse Jubba. “Bissu on Contesting Indigeneity With Islamic Puritanism in the Sacred Arena”. ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin 22, no. 1 (August 8, 2021): 127–138. Accessed August 10, 2022. http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/ushuluddin/esensia/article/view/2804.
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Suheri Suheri, Gadjah Mada University

Google Scholar

Subject Areas: Religious Studies; Human Rights; Ecology; Quranic Studies; Radicalism

Ahmed Sarjoon Razick, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka

Google Scholar

Scopus ID: 56712852300

Subject Areas: Muslims of Sri Lanka; Interreligious Relationship

Hasse Jubba, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Google Scholar

Scopus ID: 57213198136

Subject Areas: State-Religion Relation; Islamic Politics

References

Abdullah, Anzar. “Islamisasi di Sulawesi Selatan dalam Perspektif Sejarah.” Paramita: Historical Studies Journal (2016).

Ahmad, Taufik. “Mengail di Air Keruh: Gerakan PKI di Sulawesi Selatan 1950-1965.” Patanjala : Jurnal Penelitian Sejarah dan Budaya (2014).

Albrecht, Mara. “Ritual Performances and Collective Violence in Divided Cities–The Riots in Belfast (1886) and Jerusalem (1929).” Political Geography (2021).

Babacan, Errol. “Hegemony and Privileges: Reproduction of Islamism in Turkey.” In Regime Change in Turkey: Neoliberal Authoritarianism, Islamism and Hegemony, 2021.

Bird-david, Nurit, Eduardo Viveiros De Castro, Alf Hornborg, Tim Ingold, Brian Morris, Laura M Rival, and Alan R Sandstrom. “" Animism " Revisited” 40 (1999).

Davies, Sharyn Graham. Gender in Indonesia. Obor, 2018.

Elmahady, Muhaemin. “Islam Dan Kearifan Lokal Di Sulawesi Selatan Pasca Islamisasi.” Hikmah VII, no. 1 (2011): 83–104.

Hakim, Abdul. “A Long Path of Bissu in South Sulawesi, Indonesia from Glory to Disappearance.” https://www.academia.edu/6172991.

Iman, Asrul Nur, Deddy Mulyana, Ahmad Gimmy Pratama, and Evi Novianti. “A Study of Transvestites: The Self-Presentation of Bissu.” Journal of Social Sciences Research (2018).

Imran. “Bissu: Genealogi dan Tegangannya dengan Islam.” MIMIKRI 5, no. 1 (2019).

Indarwati, I, L Mariana, and S Rachman. “Ritual Para Bissu, Para Waria Sakti Di Kabupaten Bone.” Jurnal Idiomatik (2018).

Ismoyo, Petsy Jessy. “Decolonizing Gender Identities in Indonesia: A Study of Bissu 'The Trans-Religious Leader' in Bugis People.” Paradigma: Jurnal Kajian Budaya (2020).

J, Hasse. “Dinamika Hubungan Islam Dan Agama Lokal Di Indonesia: Pengalaman Towani Tolotang Di Sulawesi Selatan.” Wawasan: Jurnal Ilmiah Agama dan Sosial Budaya (2016).

Kuhlken, Pam Fox. “‘Dear World Religions 101 Professor: Some Essentials About Non-Essentializing.’” Religion and Education (2021).

Latief, Halilintar. Bissu : Pergulatan Dan Peranannya Di Masyarakat Bugis. Makassar: Desantara, 2004.

Nurfadillah. “Negosiasi Kepercayaan Toriolong Dengan Agama Islam Pada Bissu Dan Masyarakat Bugis Makassar.” Sosioreligius (2019).

Nurohim, Sri. “Identitas dan Peran Gender pada Masyarakat Suku Bugis.” SOSIETAS (2018).

Pelras, Christian. The Bugis. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 1996.

Purwaningsih, Purwaningsih. “Transgender dalam Novel Calabai Karya Pepi Al Bayqunie: Kajian Identitas.” Aksara (2017).

Rahmawati, Rahmawati, and Mohd. Azizuddin Mohd. Sani. “Transformasi Budaya Islam di Kerajaan Bone pada Abad ke XVII.” Jurnal Adabiyah (2016).

Ridhwan, Ridhwan. “Kepercayaan Masyarakat Bugis Pra Islam.” Ekspose: Jurnal Penelitian Hukum dan Pendidikan (2019).

Rivera-Castro, Faviola. “Neutrality without Pluralism.” European Journal of Political Theory (2021).

Sahajuddin, Sahajuddin. “Agama dan Sosial Politik Kerajaan Tanate terhadap Kerajaan Lain pada Abad XVII.” Walasuji : Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya (2016).

Suliyati, Titiek. “Bissu: Keistimewaan Gender Dalam Tradisi Bugis.” Endogami: Jurnal Ilmiah Kajian Antropologi 2, no. 1 (2018): 52.

Triadi, Feby. “Bissu: Kepercayaan, Perilaku dan Kewarganegaraan.” Panngadereng 6 (2020): 145–158.

———. “Bissu and Toboto Domain; Lanskap, Islam, Dan Negosiasi.” ETNOSIA : Jurnal Etnografi Indonesia 4, no. 1 (2019): 73.

Turner, Frank M. (Frank Miller). “The Invention of World Religions, or, How European Universalism Was Preserved in the Language of Pluralism (Review).” Victorian Studies (2006).

Untara, I Made Gami Sandi, and Ni Wayan Sri Rahayu. “Bissu: Ancient Bugis Priest (Perspective On The Influence Of Hindu Civilization In Bugis Land).” Vidyottama Sanatana: International Journal of Hindu Science and Religious Studies 4, no. 2 (2020): 243–249.

Yusran. “” Bissu ” Bukan Waria.” Sosioreligius (2018).

“Richard King, Orientalism and Religion: Postcolonial Theory, India and ‘The Mystic East’, Routledge, London 2001, Ss. IX, 283.” Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi (2016).