Muh Arif Rokhman


The research is aimed at looking at social relationship and personal problems in the United Kingdom through the eyes of a Pakistani-British writer, Hanif Kureishi. This will be done through the possibility of applying three psychoanalytic concepts, namely identification, Oedipus complex and midlife crisis to literary works. The short stories selected were ‘Strangers when we meet’, ‘That was then’, and ‘Girl’ which were published in Midnight All Day, a short story collection written by Hanif Kureishi, an English writer. The analysis was conducted on the characters of the stories which were subjected to the concepts. The results revealed that the concepts could be applied to the relevant characters. Besides, through the applications, we can see the problems experienced by the characters in the story which may reflect the real people in the United Kingdom.

Full Text:



Bering, J. 2011. “Half Dead: Men and the ’Midlife Crisis’” dalam Scientific American: Bering in Mind dalam diunduh 20 Novmber 2012.

Brown, M. 2008. “Hanif Kureishi: A Life Laid Bare” dalam The Telegraph, 23 Februari 2008. Online diunduh 20 November 2012

Buchanan, B. 2007. Hanif Kureishi. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan

Chalupsky, P. 2011. Prick Lit or Naked Hope ? Self Exposure in Hanif Kureishi’s Intimacy dalam Brno Studies in English, Vol. 37 No 2 (2011)

Chambers, C. 2011. British Muslim Fictions. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan

Fallow, J. 2003. Elliot Jacques: Analysing Business, the Army and Our Midlife Crises dalam The Guardian, Friday 11 April 2013. diunduh 28 November 2012

Freud, S. 1957. Beyond the Pleasure Principle, Group Psychology and Other Works. Vol. XVIII (1920-1922). Transl. James Stachey. London: The Hogarth Press and The Institute of Psychoanalysis.

Jaques, E. 1988. Death and the Mid-life Crisis dalam Elizabeth B. Spillius (ed.). Melanie Klein Today: Development in Theory and Practice, Volume 2: Manly Practice. London: Routledge.

Jung, C. G. 2001. ‘Stages of Life’ dalam Modern Man in Search of a Soul. Transl. W.S. Dell and Cary F Baynes. London: Routledge

Kaleta, K. C. 1998. Hanif Kureishi: Postcolonial Storyteller. Texas: University of Texas Press

Kureishi, H. 1995. Black Album. London: Faber and Faber

Kureishi, H. 1999. Midnight All Night. London: Faber and Faber

McLeod, J. 2000. Beginning Postcolonialism. Manchester: Manchester University Press

Moore-Gilbert, Bart. 2001. Hanif Kureishi: Contemporary World Writers. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press

Osborn, R. 1937. Freud and Marx: A Dialectical Study. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd

Rycroft, Ch. 1995. A Critical Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. London: Penguin Books.

Spivak, G. C. 1989. In Praise of Sammy and Rosie Get Laid dalam Critical Quarterly 31(2)(Summer): 80-88

Steinberg, L. and Silverberg, S.B. 1987. ‘Influences on Martial Satisfication during the Middle Stages of the Family Life Cycle’ dalam Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 49, No. 4 (Nov., 1987), pp. 751-760

Thomas, S. 2006. Hanif Kureishi’s My Ear at his heart: ‘when a writer is born a family dies’ dalam Changing English, Vol. 13, No. 2, August 2006, hal. 185-196.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Muh Arif Rokhman

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



ISSN: 2549-1482 (p); 2549-2047 (e)

Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Accreditation Number (Ministry of RTHE/DIKTI): 10/E/KPT/2019

Indexed by:


Adabiyyāt Office:

Faculty of Adab and Cultural Sciences Building, 3rd Floor
Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta
Jl. Marsda Adisucipto Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
Telephone Number: +62-274-513949

Creative Commons License

All Publications by Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.