Is Islam Compatible with Modernity? An Analysis of Modernity as Modern Civilization

Sukron Kamil

Abstract


The relation between Islam and modernity as modern civilization is frequently faced contradiction. The disclaimer of a secular state for instance, leads to the debate by which the articulation of some Muslims who reject it is much more than those who accept it. Another example is humanism such as religious freedom and capitalism, although the disclaimers of these two issues are softer than those who denied the nation-state. However, the conceptual analysis points out that Islam is compatible with modernity as modern civilization. The main reason is that Islam was first emerged as a critic against the previous religion that was not engage the social transformation for the Arab society before Islam. Islam is also encouraged contemporary thought and social reform with the concept of ishlah (reform) and tajdid (renewal). If this case is measured based on the dimension of modernity, it obvious that Islam Islam as a teaching/conceptual frame/mindset in this article does not have conflict with it. Islam is in line with the nation state, secular country or secularism itself, democracy as political system, rationalism and empirical science, and capitalism. This paper is expected to strengthen the Integration of Islam as society with the modernity as modern civilization in the East and West countries.

Keywords


Islam; ishlah; modernity; modern civilization; secular nation state; democracy; rationalism/science and technology; capitalism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdillah, M., & Sirry, M. A. (2002). Hukum yang Memihak Kepentingan Laki-Laki: Perempuan dalam Kitab Fikih. In A. Munhanif (Ed.), Mutiara Terpendam: Perempuan dalam Literatur Islam Klasik. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Adams, I. (2004). Ideologi Politik Mutakhir: Konsep, Ragam, Kritik, dan Masa Depannya (Translated from Political Ideology Today). (A. Noerzaman, Trans.). Yogyakarta: Qalam.

Adonis, C. (1979). ats-Tsabit wa al-Mutahawwil (Volume 1-4). Beirut: Dar al-Audah.

Al Syatibi, A. I. (without year). al-Muwâfaqât fî ushûl al-Syarî‘ah (Vol. I Part 2). Beirut: Dar al Hadits al Kutub al ’Ilmiyyah.

Ali, F. (1984). Islam, Keprihatinan Universal, dan Politik Indonesia. Jakarta: Pustaka Antar Kota.

Ali, F., & Effendy, B. (1986). Merambah Jalan Baru Islam: Rekontruksi Pemikiran Islam Indonesia Masa Orde Baru. Bandung: Mizan.

Armstrong, K. (2013). Masa Depan Tuhan: Sanggahan Terhadap Fundamentalisme dan Ateisme (Translated from The Case for God: What Religion Really Means). Bandung: Mizan.

Armstrong, K. (2014). Sejarah Tuhan: Kisah 4.000 Tahun Pencarian Tuhan dalam Agama-Agama Manusia (translated from A History of God: The 4.000-Year Quest of Judaism Christianity and Islam). Bandung: Mizan.

as-Sa’ad, A. M., & al-’Umri, M. A. (2000). al-Ittijâhât al-Mu’âshirah fi Tathwîr al-Istitsmâr al-Waqfi. Kuwait: al-Amanah al ’Amah li al-Auqaf.

Azhar, M. (1996). Filsafat Politik Islam, Perbandingan Antara Islam dan Barat. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Azra, A. (1993, May 4). Tipologi dan Dimensi Gerakan Neo Revivalis di Indonesia. Media Indonesia.

Barton, G. (1999). Gagasan Islam liberal di Indonesia: Pemikiran Neo-Modernisme Nurcholis Madjid, Djohan Effendi, Ahmad Wahib dan Abdurrahman Wahid 1968-1980 (Translated from the emergence of neo-modernisme: a progressive liberal movement of Islamic thought in Indonesia: A Textual Study Examining the Writings of Nurcholish Madjid, Djohan Effendi, Ahmad Wahib and Abdurrahman Wahid, 1968-1980). (N. Tahqiq, Trans.). Jakarta: Paramadina.

Bennett, C. (n.d.). Muslims and Modernity: Current Debates (Comparative Islamic Studies). London: Continuum.

Berger, L. P. (1967). The Sacred Canopy: Elements of Sociological Theory of Religion. New York: Doubleday.

CAL, A. (2012, March 28). Partai Islam Dukung Hukum Sekuler. Retrieved February 27, 2018, from https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2012/03/28/07420780/partai.islam.dukung.hukum.sekuler

Casanova, J. (1994). Public Religions in The Modern World. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Commins, D. (1998). Hasan Al-Banna (1906-1949). In A. Rahnema (Ed.), I. Hasan (Trans.), Para Perintis Zaman Baru Islam (Translated from Pioneers of Islamic Revival). Bandung: Mizan.

Cox, H. (1984). Religion in the Secular City: Toward a Postmodern Theology. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Dematra, D. (2009). Demi Allah, Aku Jadi Teroris. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Depdiknas. (2000). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Eberle, C. J. (2002). Religion and Liberal Democarcy. In R. L. Simon (Ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Social and Political Philosophy. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers.

Effendi, B. (1995). Islam and Democracy, in Search of a Viable Synthesis? Studia Islamika, Indonesian Journal for Islamic, Vol. 2, No. 4.

Esposito, J. L. (1987). Dinamika Kebangkitan Islam, Watak, Proses, dan Tantangan (Translated from Voices of Resurgent Islam). (B. Siregar, Trans.). Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Esposito, J. L. (2001a). Ensiklopedi Oxford Dunia Islam Modern (Vol. III). Bandung: Mizan.

Esposito, J. L. (2001b). Ensiklopedi Oxford Dunia Islam Modern (Vol. IV). Bandung: Mizan.

Esposito, J. L., & Piscatori, J. P. (1994). Islam dan Demokrasi. Islamika Jurnal Dialog Pemikiran Islam, No. 4.

Feith, H., & Castles, L. (Eds.). (1988). Pemikiran Politik Indonesia 1945-1965 (Translated from Indonesian Political Thingking 1945-1965). Jakarta: LP3ES.

Gatra Magazine. (2005, August 6).

Giddens, A. (2009). Sociology. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Gillen, P., & Ghosh, D. (2007). Colonialism & Modernity. Australia: UNSW Press Book.

Habermas, J. (2006). Religion in the Public Sphere. European Journal of Philosophy, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0378.2006.00241.x

Hanafie, A. (1989). Usul Fiqh (11th ed.). Jakarta: Wijaya.

Hardiman, F. B. (2009). Demokrasi Deliberatif: Menimbang Negara Hukum dan Ruang Publik dalam Teori Diskursus Habermas. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Haryanto, S. (2015). Sosiologi Agama Dari Klasik Hingga Postmodern. (Andien, Ed.). Yogyakarta: Arruz Media Group.

Heller, A. (1999). A Theory of Modernity. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers.

Hourani, A. (2004). Pemikiran Liberal di Dunia Arab (Translated from Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age 1798-1939). (Suparno & D. Setiawan, Trans.). Bandung: Mizan.

Huwaydi, F. (1996). Demokrasi Oposisi dan Masyarakat Madani. Bandung: Mizan.

Ibn Rusyd, A. al-Walid. (1999). Fashl al-Maqâl fimâ Baina al- Hikmah wa as-Syarî’ah min al-Ittishâl. Cairo: Dar al-Ma’arif.

Indrianto, A. M., & Cahyono, D. H. (Eds.). (2003). Perangkat Pembangunan Perdamaian. Contoh-contoh kerja dari para aktivis perdamaian di Indonesia. Jakarta: Catholic Relief Services (CRS).

Johnson, D. P. (1994). Teori Sosiologi Klasik dan Modern I (Translated from Sosiological Theory Clasical Founder and Contemporery Perspectives [1981]). (R. M. Z. Lawang, Trans.). Jakarta: Gramedia.

Jones, P. (2010). Introducing Social Theory. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Kamali, M. H. (1996). Kebebasan Berpendapat dalam Islam. Bandung: Mizan.

Kamil, S. (2002). Islam dan Demokrasi: Telaah Konseptual dan Historis. Gaya Media Pratama. Retrieved from http://repository.uinjkt.ac.id/dspace/handle/123456789/35172?mode=full

Kamil, S. (2013). Pemikiran politik Islam Tematik: Agama dan Negara, Demokrasi, Civil Society, Syariah dan HAM, Fundamentalisme, dan Antikorupsi (1st ed.). Jakarta: Kencana Pranada Media Group. Retrieved from http://103.229.202.68/dspace/handle/123456789/34942

Karyono, R. (2003). Fundamentalisme Dalam Kristen - Islam. Yogyakarta: Klika.

Kasdi, A. (2002). Fundamentalisme Islam Timur Tengah: Akar Teologi, Kritik Wacana dan Politisasi Agama. Jurnal Tashwirul Afkar.

King, A. D. (1995). The Times and Spaces of Modernity (or Who Needs Postmodernism). In M. Featherstone, S. Lash, & R. Robertson (Eds.), Global Modernities. SAGE Publications.

Lopa, B. (1996). Al-Qur’an dan Hak-Hak Asasi Manusia. Yogyakarta: Dana Bhakti Primayasa.

Madjid, N. (1994). Demokrasi dan Demokratisasi di Indonesia. In E. P. Taher (Ed.), Demokratisasi Politik, Budaya dan Ekonomi: Pengalaman Indonesia Masa Orde Baru. Jakarta: Paramadina.

Madjid, N. (1999). Asas-asas Pluralisme dan Toleransi dalam Masyarakat Madani. Jakarta.

Madjid, N. (2008). Islam Kemodernan dan Keindonesiaan. Bandung: Mizan.

Marty, M. E., & Appleby, R. S. (Eds.). (1995). Fundamentalisms Comprehended. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Mas’ud, M. K. (1996). Filsafat Hukum Islam, Studi tentang Hidup dan Pemikiran Abu Ishaq asy-Syathibi (Translated from Islamic Legal Phlisophy; a Study of Abu Ishaq al-Syathibi). Bandung: Pustaka.

Mubarak, M. Z. (2007). Muslim Utopia: Gerakan dan Pemikiran Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia (HTI) Pasca Reformasi. Refleksi, Jurnal Kajian Agama Dan Filsafat, Vol. IX, No. 1.

Mudzakkir, A. (2013). Sekularisme dan Identitas Muslim Eropa. PSDR LIPI. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/4392985/Sekularisme_dan_Identitas_Muslim_Eropa

Mushthafa, H. (2005). al-Islam as-Siyasi fi Mishra, min Harakah al-Ishlah ila Jama’at al-’Unf. Cairo: Maktabah al-Usrah.

Nasution, H. (1975). Pembaharuan dalam Islam: Sejarah Pemikiran dan Gerakan. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang.

Nasution, Harun. et.al. (2003). Ensiklopedi Islam Suplemen 2. Jakarta: Ikhtiar Baru van Houve.

Noer, D. (1980). Gerakan Modern Islam Indonesia 1900-1942. Jakarta: LP3ES.

Norris, P., & Inglehart, R. (2004). Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Novriantoni (Ed.). (2006). Riwayat Sebuah Kata Kotor. In Sepatah “Kata Kotor”: Sekularisme di Asia. Jakarta: Yayasan Kalam.

Pals, D. L. (1996). Seven Theories of Religion. New York: Oxford University Press.

Pulungan, J. S. (1994). Prinsip-Prinsip Pemerintahan Dalam Piagam Madinah Ditinjau dari Pandangan Alqur’an. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Pye, L. W. (1965). Aspects of Political Development. Boston: Little Brown.

Quoted from Nurcholish Madjid, “Demokrasi.” (1998, November 2). Tekad, No.1/Th.1.

Rahardjo, M. D. (1989). Syura. Journal of Ulumul Qur’an, 1 No.3.

Rais, M. A. (1991). Cakrawala Islam: Antara Cita dan Fakta. Bandung: Mizan.

Raziq, A. A. (1985). Khilafah dan Pemerintahan Dalam Islam (Translated from Al-Islâm Wa Ushûl Al-Hukm). Bandung: Pustaka.

Ritzer, G. (Ed.). (2007). The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Riyanto, G. (2009). Peter L Berger: Perspektif Metateori Pemikiran. Jakarta: LP3ES.

Sagiv, D. (1997). Islam Otentisitas Liberalisme (Translated from Fundamentalism and Intelectual in Egypt. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Santoso, A. E. (Ed.). (1997). Tidak Ada Negara Islam: Surat-Surat Politik Nurcholish Madjid - Moh. Roem. Jakarta: Djambatan.

Shihab, Q. (2012). “Pengantar Agama Punya Seribu Nyawa” dalam Komaruddin Hidayat, Agama Punya Seribu Nyawa. Jakarta: Noura Books.

Shimogaki, K. (1993). Kiri Islam: Telaah Kitis atas Pemikiran Hasan Hanafi. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Suratmaputra, A. M. (2002). Filsafat Hukum Islam al-Ghazali: Maslahah Mursalah & Relevansinya dengan Pembaharuan Hukum Islam. Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus.

Syadad, B. ad-D. I. (1991). Dalail al-Ahkam (Vol. II). Dar al-Kutb al-’Ilmiyyah.

Tanja, V. (1991). HMI, Sejarah dan Kedudukannya di Tengah Gerakan Muslim Pembaharuan di Indonesia. Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Tripp, C. (1998). Sayyid Quthub: Visi Politik. In A. Rahnema (Ed.), I. Hasan (Trans.), Para Perintis Zaman Baru Islam (Translated from Pioneers of Islamic Revival). Bandung: Mizan.

(1999a, February 15). Tekad, No.16/Th. 1.

(1999b, November 9). Tekad, No.2/Th. 1.

(2007, August 13). Tempo (Magazine).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/skijic.v3i1.1467

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.