Gender Bias and Students’ Perceptions of Sexual Harassment in the Academic Setting

Authors

  • Manda Nabilah Damayanti Fakultas Psikologi Universitas YARSI
  • Chandradewi Kusristanti Fakultas Psikologi Universitas YARSI
  • Sunu Bagaskara Fakultas Psikologi Universitas YARSI

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14421/musawa.2023.2201.105-116

Keywords:

gender bias, perceptions of sexual harassment, sexual harassment in college

Abstract

Kasus pelecehan seksual di lingkungan kampus menjadi salah satu isu yang terus bertambah  setiap tahunnya di Indonesia. Meskipun kasus pelecehan seksual di lingkungan kampus semakin tinggi isunya, kasus pelecehan seksual masih sering dianggap sebagai fenomena gunung es, artinya sudah banyak kasus yang terjadi, namun masih sedikit kasus yang dilaporkan. Salah satu pertimbangan yang membuat korban pelecehan seksual enggan melapor adalah penilaian negatif terhadap para pengamat pelecehan seksual. Literatur menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan antara pengamat laki-laki dan perempuan dalam mempersepsikan bentuk-bentuk perilaku yang dianggap sebagai pelecehan seksual. Perbedaan persepsi tersebut erat kaitannya dengan bias gender yang dimiliki individu. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara bias gender dan persepsi pelecehan seksual di lingkungan akademis. Tulisan ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan desain korelasional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 246 mahasiswa yang sedang menempuh studi sarjana dan diploma. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara bias gender dan persepsi pelecehan seksual. Dengan kata lain, terdapat faktor lain di luar bias gender yang berkaitan dengan persepsi terkait pelecehan seksual pada individu khususnya dikampus.

[Sexual harassment cases in the academic setting are one of the cases that are increasing every year in Indonesia. Although cases of sexual harassment in the academic setting are increasing sexual harassment cases are still often considered like an iceberg phenomenon, which means that there have been many cases that have occurred, but still, few cases have been reported. One consideration that makes victims of sexual harassment reluctant to report is the negative evaluation of sexual harassment bystanders. The literature shows that there are differences between male and female observers in perceiving forms of behavior that are considered sexual harassment. The difference in perception is closely related to the gender bias that individuals have. This study aims to determine the relationship between gender bias and perceptions of sexual harassment in the academic setting. This study uses a quantitative approach with a correlational design. The sample of this study was 246 students who were pursuing undergraduate and diploma studies. The results showed no significant relationship between gender bias and perceptions of sexual harassment. In other words, there are other factors outside of gender bias that are related to perceptions related to sexual harassment in individuals.]

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Published

2023-09-29

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