GENDER ANALYSIS ON THE MISIOGYNIS HADITHS IN AL-KUTUB AL-TIS’AH

Nurun Najwah
* UIN Sunan Kalijaga

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/qh.2021.2201-10

Abstract


In patriarchal culture, some hadith texts are as main sources of legitimacy for dehumanization of women. The hadith texts are documented in the popular hadith books. This, encourages the strong notion that Islam supports discrimination against women. Whereas, the Prophet Muhammad SAW. has made great efforts in humanizing women. The role of the Prophet in humanizing women is manifested in the discourse of hadith. thus, a new understanding is needed in interpreting misogynistic hadiths. In this context, this study aims to reread the misogynistic hadiths in al-Kutub al-Tis'ah (Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan at-Turmudzi, Sunan Ibn Majah, Sunan ad-Darimi, Musnad Muwaththa' Iman Malik, Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal) that related to women as personal, worship, marriage, and public spaces. To achieve this purpose, this study uses takhrij method by confirming from various hadith. As part of the data analysis, this study used gender analysis to map the form of discrimination and reinterpretation of the hadiths. The study conclude that there are 60 misogynistic hadith texts in five forms (22 subordinations, 18 violence, 15 stereotypes, 3 marginalizations, and 2 double burdens), caused by textual, partial and unhistorical interpretations. The rereading of the hadith texts is done holistically by linking and presenting verses of the Qur'an, hadiths and other texts integratively, comprehensively, taking into account historical aspects, and basic ideas of hadith.

 

Keywords: Hadith Text, Misogynist, al-Kutub al-Tis`ah, Humanizing Women


Keywords


hadith text, Misogyny, al-Kutub al-Tis`ah, humanizing women

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah Hanapi, “Pemikiran Hadis Misoginis Fatima Mernissi Sebagai Tawaran Pemahaman Hadis Feminisme Di Media Kontemporer”, Riwayah: Jurnal Studi Hadis, Volume 4 Nomor 2, 2018, issn 2460-755X eissn 2502-8839. Tersedia online di: journal.stainkudus.ac.id/index.php/ Riwayah: Jurnal Studi Hadis hlm. 225-242.

Azzah Nurin Taufiqotuzzahro, ‘Pembacaan Hermeneutika Hadis Tentang Perintah Istri Bersujud Kepada Suami: Perspektif Hans-George Gadamer”, DOI : 10.14421/livinghadis.2019.1616, hlm 45-65.

al-Tabari. Jami` al-Bayan `an Ta'wil Ay al-Qur'an / Tafsir al-Tabari (Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1405 H), juz IV,.

`Abdurrahman bin al-Kamal Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, al-Dur al-Mansur, Beirut: dar al-Fikr, 1993.

Abu al-Qasim Sulaiman bin Ahmad al-Tabarani, al-Mu`jam al-Ausat, Kairo: Dar al-Haramain, 1415.

`Abd al-`Adim bin `Abd al-Qawiy al-Munziri Abu Muhammad, al-Targib wa al-Tarhib min al-Hadis al-Syarif, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyyah, 1417, cet. 1

`Abdullah bin `Adi bin `Abdullah bin Muhammad Abu Ahmad al-Jurjani, al-Kamil fi Du`fa' al-Rijal, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1409/ 1988, cet.3

Abu `Abdullah Muhammad bin `Abd al-Wahid bin Ahmad al-Hanbali al-Maqdisi, al-Ahadis al-Mukhtarah, Makkah, Maktabah al-Nahdah al-Hadisiyyah, 1410, cet. 1

`Abd bin Humaid bin Nasr Abu Muhammad al-Kusi, al-Muntakhab min Musnad `Abd bin Humaid, Kairo: Maktabah al-Sunnah, 1408/1988, cet. 1

Abu Bakr Ahmad bin `Amr bin `Abd al-Khaliq al-Bazzar, al-Bakr al-Zakhkhar, Beirut: Mu'assasah `Ulum al-Qur'an, 1409, cet. 1

`Abdullah bin al-Zubair Abu Bakr al-Humaidi, Al-Musnad, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyyah, t.t.

Ahmad bin `Ali bin al-Musanna al-Mawsuli Abu Ya`la, al-Mu`jam, Faisal Abad, Idarah al-`Ulum al-Asriyyah, 1407, cet.1

Ahmad bin Syu`aib Abu `Abdirrahman al-Nasa'I, al-Mujtaba min al-Sunan, Halb: Maktab al-Matbu`at al-Islamiyyah, 1406/ 1986, cet.2

Ahmad Khayyarat, Markaz al-Mar'ah fi al-Islam (Kairo: Dar al-Ma`arif, t.t. ).

Asghar Ali Engineer, Hak-hak Perempuan dalam Islam, terj. Farid Wajidi dan Cici Farkha Assegaf (Yogyakarta: LSSPA, 2000), cet. 2.

`Ali bin Ahmad al-Wahidi Abu al-Hasan, Al-Wajiz fi Tafsir al-Kitab al-`Aziz, Damaskus: Dar al-Qalam, 1415.

`Abdullah bin `Abdurrahman Abu Muhammad al-Darimi, Sunan al-Darimi, Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-`Arabi, 1407, cet. 1

Ahmad bin Hanbal Abu `Abdillah al-Syaibani, Musnad al-Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, Mesir: Mu'assasah Qurtubiyyah, t.t.

Ahmad bin `Ali bin Hajr Abu al-Fadl; al-`Asqalani al-Syafi`I, Tahzib al-Tahzib, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1404/1984, cet. 1

`Abd al-Baqi bin Qani` Abu al-Husain, Mu`jam al-Sahabah, Madinah: Maktabah al-Guraba' al-Asriyyah, 1418, cet. 1

Ahmad bin `Ali bin Hajr Abu al-Fadl al-`Asqalani al-Syafi`I, Al-Isabah fi Tamyiz al-Sahabah, Beirut: Dar al-Jil, 1412/1992, cet. 1

`Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Qudamah al-Maqdisi Abu Muhammad, Al-Mugni fi Fiqh al-Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal al-Syaibani, Beirut: dar al-Fikr, 1405, cet.1

Abu Bakr `Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Abi Syaibah al-Kufi, al-Kitab al-Musannaf fi al-Ahadis wa al-Asar, al-Riyad: Maktabah al-Rusyd, 1409 H, cet. 1.

Abu Bakr `Abd al-Razaq bin Hamam al-San`ani, Al-Musannaf, Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islami, 1403, cet.2

`Abd al-Ra'uf al-Manawi, Faid al-Qadir Syarh al-Jami` al-Sagir, Mesir: al-Maktabah al-Tijariyah al-Kubra, 1356, cet. 1

`Abdurrahman bin Abi Bakr Abu `Abdirrahman al-Suyuti, Syarh al-Suyuti `ala Sunan al-Nasa'I, Halb: Maktab al-Matbu`at al-Islamiyyah al-Islamiyyah, 1406/1986, cet.2

Ahmad bin `Ali bin al-Musanna Abu Ya`la al-Mawsuli al-Tamimi, Musnad Abi Ya`la, Damaskus: Dar al-Ma'mun li al-Turas, 1404/ 1984, cet.1

Ahmad bin `Ali bin Hajar Abu al-Fadl al-`Asqalani al-Syafi`I, Fath al-Bari Syarh Sahih al-Bukhari, Beirut: Dar al-Ma`rifah, 1379

Fatima Mernissi, Wanita di dalam Islam, terj. Yaziar Radianti (Bandung: Penerbit Pustaka, 1994)

Hisham Sharabi, Neopatriarchy: a Theory of Distorted Change in Arab Society (New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press), 1988

Komaruddin Hidayat, Memahami Bahasa Agama: Sebuah Kajian Hermeneutik (Jakarta: Paramadina, 1996)

Al-Husain bin Mas`ud al-Farra' al-Bagawi Abu Muhammad, Ma`alim al-Tanzil, Beirut: Dar al-Ma`rifah, 1987.

Bintusy Syathi`, Isteri-isteri Raulullah SAW., t. terj. (Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1979), jilid II

Ema Marhumah, “THE ROOTS OF GENDER BIAS: MYSOGYNIST HADITHS IN PESANTRENS”, Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies Vol. 5, no.2 (2015), pp. 283-304, doi : 10.18326/ijims.v5i2.283-304

Elviandri, “PEMBACAAN KAUM FEMINIS TERHADAP HADIS-HADITS MISOGINIS DALAM SHAHIH BUKHARI”, Ijtihad: Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam dan Kemanusiaan Vol. 19, No. 2 (2019), doi : 10.18326/ijtihad.v19i2.243ia. Hlm. 243-257.

Isma'il bin `Umar bin Kasir al-Dimasyqi Abu al-Fida', Tafsir al-Qur'an al-`Azim, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1401 H

Al-Imam al-Hafid Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Sulaiman al-Bagindi, Musnad Amir al-Mu'minin `Umar bin `Abdul Aziz, Damaskus: Mu'assasah `Ulum al-Qur'an, 1404.

LIS YULIANTI SYAFRIDA SIREGAR, “ KONSTRUKSI HERMENEUTIKA DALAM STUDI ISLAM TENTANG HADIS-HADIS MISOGINIS (STUDI PEMIKIRAN KHALED ABOU EL FADL)”, Tazkir: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu-ilmu Sosial dan Keislaman Vol. 02 No. 2 Desember 2016, hlm. 123-142.

Moh. Muhtador,”GAGASAN RIFFAT HASAN TENTANG KRITIK GENDER ATAS HADIS MISOGINIS”,DOI: 10.18326/millati.v2i2.259-274, Volume 2 no 2 Tahun 2017, hlm.259-274.

Mohamad Muhtador,”ANALISIS GENDER: MEMBACA PEREMPUAN DALAM HADIS MISOGINIS (USAHA KONTEKSTUALISASI KEMANUSIAAN)” Analisis Gender: Membaca Perempuan Dalam Hadis Misoginis (Usaha Kontekstualisasi Nilai Kemanusiaan), Buana Gender, Vol. 2, Nomor 1, Januari-Juni 2017, ISSN: 2527-8096 (p); 2527-810x (e) DOI: 10.22515/bg.v2i1.783. hlm. 59-71.

Mahmud al-Tahhan, Usul al-Takhrij wa Dirasat al-Asanid (Beirut: Dar al-Qur'an al-Karim, t.t.).

Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Abi Bakr bin Farh al-Qurtubi Abu `Abdillah, al-Jami` li Ahkam al-Qur'an, Kairo: Dar al-Syu`b,1372 H, cet.2,

Muhammad bin Jarir bin Yazid bin Khalid al-Tabari Abu Ja`far, Jami` al-Bayan `an Ta'wil Ay al-Qur'an, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1405 H.

Muhammad bin Ahmad, `Abdurrahman bin Abi Bakr al-Mahalli, al-Suyuti, Tafsir al-Jalalain, Kairo: Dar al-Hadis, t.t., cet. 1

Muhammad bin Idris al-Syafi`I, Ahkam al-Qur'an, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyyah, 1400 H.

Musahadi Ham, Evolusi Konsep Sunnah Implikasinya pada Perkembangan Hukum Islam (Semarang: Aneka Ilmu, 2000)

Malik bin Anas Abu `Abdillah al-Asbahi, Muwatta' al-Imam Malik, Mesir: Dar Ihya' al-Turas al-`Arabi, t.t.

Mansour Fakih, Analisis Gender & Transformasi Sosial (Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2003), cet. Ke VII

Muhammad `Ajjaj al-Khatib, Usul al-Hadis `Ulumuhu wa Mustalahuhu (Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1989)

Muhammad bin Isma`il Abu `Abdillah al-Bukhari, al-Jami` al-Sahih al-Mukhtasar (Sahih al-Bukhari), Beirut: Dar Ibn Kasir al-Yamamah, 1407/1987, cet.3.

Muhammad bin `Isa Abu `Isa al-Turmuzi al-Salami, Al-Jami` al-Sahih Sunan al-Turmuzi (Sunan al-Turmuzi), Beirut: Dar Ihya' al-Turas al-`Arabi, t.t.

Muhammad bin Yazid Abu `Abdillah al-Qazwiniy, Sunan Ibn Majah, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, t.t.

Muslim bin al-Hajjaj Abu al-Husain al-Qusyairi al-Naisaburi, Sahih Muslim, Beirut: Dar Ihya' al-Turas al-`Arabi,t.t.

Muhammad `Abdurrahman bin `Abdurrahim al-Mubarakfuri Abu al-`Ala, Tuhfah al-Ahwazi bisyarh Jami` al-Turmuzi, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyyah, t.t.

Muhammad bin Ahmad bin `Usman bin Qayimaz al-Zahabi Abu `Abdillah, Siyar A`lam al-Nubala', Beirut: Mu'assasah al-Risalah, 1413, cet. 9

Muhammad bin Tahir al-Qisrani, Tazkirah al-Huffaz (Atraf Ahadis Kitab al-Majruhin li Ibn Hibban), al-Riyad: Dar al-Sami`I, 1415

Muhammad Syams al-Haq al-`Adim Abadi Abu al-Tib, `Aun al-Ma`bud Syarh Sunan Abi Dawud, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyyah, 1415

Nurkholidah, “KRITIK HADIS PERSPEKTIF GENDER (STUDI ATAS PEMIKIRAN FATIMA MERNISSI)”, Holistik Volume 15 No. 01, 2014, hlm 77-98.

Nurun Najwah, Relasi Ideal Suami Isteri (Yogyakarta: PSW McGill-ICIHEP, 2002)

Nur al-Din bin `Abd al-Hadi Abu al-Hasan al-Sindi, Hasyiyah al-Sindi `ala al-Nasa'I, Halb: Maktab al-Matbu`at al-Islamiyyah, 1406/1986, cet. 2

Ridwan Hasbi ,” ASAL MULA PENGKHIANATAN ISTRI DALAM PERSPEKTIF HADIS MISOGINI”, Jurnal Perempuan, Agama dan Jender (p-ISSN: 1412-6095|e-ISSN: 2407-1587) Vol. 16, No. 2, 2017, Hlm. 201 – 222.

Sayid Ameer Ali, The Spirit of Islam (India: Idarah-I Adabiyat-I, 1978)

Syafiq Hasyim, Hal-hal yang Tak Terpikirkan Tentang Isu-isu Keperempuanan dalam Islam (Bandung: Mizan, 2001).

Syuhudi Ismail, Kaedah Kesahihan Sanad Hadis Telaah Kritis dan Tinjauan dengan Pendekatan Ilmu Sejarah (Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1995),

Sulaiman bin al-Asy`as Abu Dawud al-Sijistani al-Azadi, Sunan Abi Dawud, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, t.t.

Sulaiman bin Ahmad bin Ayyub Abu al-Qasim al-Tabrani, Al-Mu`jam al-Kabir, al-Mausul: Maktabah al-`Ulum wa al-Hukm, 1404/ 1983, cet. 2

Taha Jabir al-Alwani, "Muqaddimah " dalam Yusuf al-Qaradawi, Kaifa Nata`amal ma`a al-Sunnah al-Nabawiyyah: Ma`alim wa Dawabit (USA: al-Ma`had al-`Alami li al-Fikr al-Islami, 1990)

Abu Zakariya Yahya bin Syaraf bin Mary al-Nawawi, Sahih Muslim bisyarh al-Nawawi, Beirut: dar Ihya' al-Turas al-`Arabi, 1392, cet.2

Zunly Nadia, “AKTIVITAS PEREMPUAN ERA MUHAMMAD (SEBAGAI PERIWAYAT HADIS), Humanisma: Journal of Gender Studies Vol.04, No.01, Januari – Juni 2020.

Zikri Darussamin , “KONTROVERSI HADIS MISOGINIS”, Al-Fikra: Jurnal Ilmiah Keislaman, Vol. 9, No. 1, Januari-Juni 2010.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Nurun Najwah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Faculty of Ushuluddin and Islamic Thought UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
Jl. Laksda Adisucipto, Papringan, Caturtunggal, Kec. Depok, Kabupaten Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55281
email: jurnalqurdis@uin-suka.ac.id

PRINCIPAL CONTACT:
Prof. Dr. H. Abdul Mustaqim, S.Ag., M.Ag.
Faculty of Ushuluddin and Islamic Thought UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Indonesia
 
Creative Commons License

Jurnal Studi Ilmu-ilmu al-Qur'an Hadis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.