KONSEP MASLAHAT MENURUT IMAM MĀLIK

Muhammad Ikhsan,1 Azwar Iskandar2*

   1 Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
   2 Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
   * Corresponding Author

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/lijid.v4i1.2721

Abstract


This study aims to analyze: imam Mālik's position in the Islamic jurisprudence map; the concept of maslahat in the perspective of Imam Mālik; and the influence of Imam Mālik's maslahat view in the Islamic world. This research is qualitative descriptive research, using library research and analyzed with historical and sociological approaches. The results of the study found that: first, Imam Mālik bin Anas was one of the imams of the four sects (mazhab) who exerted great influence in Muslims with his ability as a mujtahid and had an independent methodology in conducting the ijtihad; second, one of the most important foundations of Imam Mālik's ijtihad is maslahat. In this case, he actually had similarities with the other ultimate scholars of the four sects. Māliki sect, namely that maslahat -especially maslahat mursalah- is a stand-alone proposition; third, Imam Mālik's assertiveness in positioning maslahat as one of the independent evidences in his ijtihad methodology has stimulated the fiqh researchers to study further explore this so that imam Mālik's fiqh sect can survive to this day and successfully produce phenomenal scientific works that affirm the existence of maslahat as one of the footholds of Islamic law.


Keywords


maslahat, Imam Mālik, view, sect, ijtihad

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aba al-Khail, Sulaiman bin ‘Abdillah, Muqaddimah fi al-Fiqh, Cetakan 1, Riyad: Dar al-‘Asimah, 1415 H.

Abu Zahrah, Muhammad, Mālik Hayatuhu wa ‘Asruhu, Ara’uhu wa Fiqhuhu, Kairo: Dar al-Fikr al-‘Arabi, t.t.

Al-‘Asqalani, Ahmad bin ‘Ali bin Hajar, Tahzib al-Tahzib, Cetakan 1: Beirut, Mu’assasah al-Risalah, 1413 H.

Al-‘Izz bin ‘Abd al-Salam al-Syafi’i, Qawa’id al-Ahkam fi Masalih al-Anam , Cetakan 2: Beirut, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1412 H.

Al-Asyqar, ‘Umar bin Sulaimān, Naẓrah fī Tārīkh al-‘Aqīdah, Cetakan 2: Yordania, Dār al-Nafā’is, 1411 H.

Al-Fasi, Muhammad bin al-Hasan al-Hajjawi, Al-Fikr al-Sami fi Tarikh al-Fiqh al-Islami, Cetakan 1: Madinah, al-Maktabah al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1396 H.

Al-Gazali, Abu Hamid, al-Mustasfa min ‘Ilm al-Usul, Cetakan 2: Beirut, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1409 H.

Al-Hanbali, ‘Abd al-Hayy bin al-‘Imad, Syazarat al-Zahab fi Akhbar Man Zahab, Cetakan 1: Dar al-Malayin, Beirut, 1408 H.

Al-Khuli, Amin, Mālik Tarjamah Muharrarah, Kairo: Dar al-Kutub al-Hadisah, t.t.

Al-Qarafi, Ahmad bin Idris, Syarh Tanqih al-Fusul, ed. Taha ‘Abd al-Ra’uf, Cetakan 1: Beirut, Dar al-Fikr, 1393 H.

Al-Sya’lan, Abd al-Rahman bin ‘Abdullah, Usul Fiqh al-Imam Mālik Adillatuhu al-Naqliyyah, Cetakan 1: Riyad, Jami’ah al-Imam Muhammad bin Su’ud, 1424 H.

Al-Syatibi, Abu Ishaq, al-I’tisam, Kairo: Maktabah Ibnu Taimiyah, 1405 H.

Al-Syawkani, Muhammad bin ‘Ali, Irsyad al-Fuhul ila ‘Ilm al-Usul, Cetakan 3: Mesir, Dar Ibn Taimiyah, 1415 H.

al-Tahir Nabi, Muqaddimah Hawla Asbab Intisyar al-Mazhab al-Māliki fi al-Magrib al-‘Arabi, (t.d)

Al-Timsimani, Muhammad bin Hammadi, Manhajiyyah al-Imam Mālik al-Usuliyyah; al-Khasa’is wa al-Asar (Makalah pada al-Mu’tamar al-‘Ilmi li Dar al-Buhus Dubai, 1411 H).

Al-Yahsubi, al-Qadi ‘Iyad bin Musa, Tartib al-Madarik wa Taqrib al-Masalik, ed. Ahmad Bukair Mahmud, Beirut: Dar Maktabah al-Hayah, 1403 H.

Al-Zahabi, Syams al-Din, Siyar A’lam al-Nubala’, Ed. ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Arna’ut et.al, Cetakan 5: Beirut, Mu’assasah al-Risalah, 1410 H.

Al-Zurqani, al-Muwatta’ bi Syarh al-Zurqani, Cetakan 2: Mesir, Dar al-Salam, 1409 H.

Departemen Agama Republik Indonesia, al-Qur’an dan Terjemahnya, Cetakan 1: Solo, Pustaka Tiga Serangkai, 2007.

Ibnu ‘Abd al-Barr, Abu ‘Umar Yusuf, Jami’ Bayan al-‘Ilm wa Fadlihi, Cetakan 1: Dar Ibn al-Jawzi, Dammam, 1410 H.

Ibnu Katsir, Abu al-Fida’ Isma’il, al-Bidayah wa al-Nihayah, Cetakan 2: Beirut, Maktabah al-Ma’arif, 1400 H.

Ibnu Rusyd, Muhammad bin Ahmad, Bidayah al-Mujtahid wa Nihayah al-Muqtasid, Cetakan 2: Beirut, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1407 H.

Ismail, Roni.“Hakikat Monoteisme Islam (Kajian atas Konsep Tauhid Laa Ilaaha Illallah), Religi, Vol. X, No. 2, Juli 2014.

Ismail, Roni. Menuju Hidup Islami. Yogyakarta: Insan Madani, 2009

Ismail, Roni. Menuju Hidup Rahmatan Lil’alamin. Yogyakarta: Suka Press, 2016.

Isma’il, Sya’bān Muḥammad, Uṣūl al-Fiqh al-Muyassar, Cetakan 1: Kairo, Dar al-Kitāb al-Jāmi’ī, 1415 H.

John W. Creswell, Research Design: Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, dan Mixed. Penj. Achmad Fawaid. Edisi Ketiga (Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2010).

Mālik bin Anas, al-Mudawwanah al-Kubra, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1410 H.

Moh. Rifa’i, “Kajian Masyarakat Beragama Perspektif Pendekatan Sosiologis,” Al-Tadzim: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam 2, no. 1 (2018): 23-35.

Multaqa li al-Dirasat al-Fiqhiyyah, Al-Ijtihād al-Maqāsidi fi ‘Asr al-Tābi’īn, http://www.mmf-4.com/vb/t2174.html (27 September 2010)

Qal’aji, Muhammad, Mu’jam Lugat al-Fukaha, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1411 H.

Ratu Vina Rohmatika, “Pendekatan Interdisipliner dan Multidisipliner Dalam Studi Islam,” Al-Adyan: Jurnal Studi Lintas Agama 14, no. 1 (2019):115-132.

Sri Haryanto, “Pendekatan Historis Dalam Studi Islam,” Jurnal Ilmiah Studi Islam 17, no.1 ( 2017): 127-135.

Zaid, Mustafa, al-Maslahah fi al-Tasyri’ al-Islami, t.t. t.d.

Zarkut, Muhammad, al-Maslahah al-Mursalah Dawabit wa Ba’du Tatbiqatiha al-Mu’asirah, Kairo: al-Maktabah al-Tauqifiyyah, 1416 H.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Muhammad Ikhsan, Azwar Iskandar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.