DR. JEKYLL DAN MR. HYDE: SEBUAH PENGGAMBARAN DUALISME NALURI KEHIDUPAN DAN KEMATIAN

Rizki Eka Putri Alda

Abstract


According to Freud, the life instinct (Eros) and the death instinct (Thanatos) can be compatible despite the fact that the life instinct was purposedly to maintain the continuity of life while the death instinct aims to dispel the life. The purpose of this study is to elaborate the concept of dualism between the life and death instincts in R.L. Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. The researcher used qualitative research methods to process and analyze the data. The result of this study found that the main character Henry Jekyll had behaviors which contradict the Victorian norms that made he thought he had dualism within. Jekyll did action to separate the bad sides of him by the chemical practices. The fact that both life and death instincts worked collectively made Jekyll’s plans cannot reach its goals. The madness due to the ideal self-concept which had a tendency towards narcissistic pathology was finally destroyed as a result of colliding with reality. This situation resulted Henry Jekyll lost the meaning of his life as the symbol of psychical death, which at the end of the story, it continued with real death of Jekyll's body.


Keywords


psychoanalysis, life instinct, death instinct, dualism, Victorian era.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cahya, Romzan Dwi dan Margawati, Prayudia. 2018. “Dualism in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyl and Mr. Hyde By Robert Stevenson: A Demolition of Alter.” Rainbow: Journal of Literature, Linguistics and Cultural Studies, 7 (2): 11–20. Https://doi.org/10.15294/rainbow.v7i2.29436.

Caropreso, Fátima dan Simanke, Richard Thesein. 2008. “Life and Death in Freudian Metapsychology: A Reappraisal of the Second Instinctual Dualism.” Insternational of Psychoanalysis, Vol 89: 977-992. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-8315.2008.00067.x.

Chloemethridge. 2017. “The Strange Case of the Id, the Ego, and the Superego: Jekyll and Hyde as the Unconscious Mind.” British Literature 1700-1900 A Course Blog. Https://britlitsurvey2.wordpress.com/2017/05/02/the-strange-case-of-the-id-the-egoand-the-superego-jekyll-and-hyde-as-the-unconscious-mind/.

Chrisp, P. 2005. “The Victorian Age: History of Fashion and Costume.” Bailey Publishing Associates Ltd. Fact on File. Https://ljiljanans.files. wordpress.com/2011/10/vol6-victorian.pdf.

Cohen. E. D. 2004. “Hyding the Subject?: The Antinomies of Masculinity in "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.” Duke University Press: A Forum on Fiction, Vol. 37, No. 1/2 (Fall, 2003–Spring, 2004): 181-199. Https://www.jstor.org/stable/30038535.

Doane, Janice dan Hodges, Devon. 1989. “Demonic Disturbances of Sexual Identity: The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr/s Hyde.” Duke University Press: A Forum on Fcition 23, No. 1 (Autumn): 63-74. https://doi.org/10.2307/1345579.

Feist, Jess dan Feist, Gregory J. 2008. Theories of Personality, ed. ke-6. Terjemahan: Yudi Santoso. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Fiorini, Leticia Glocer (Ed). 2012. Freud’s “On Narcissism: An Introduction”. London: Karnac Books Ltd.

Freud, Sigmund. 1920. Beyond the Pleasure Principle. London: Hogarth.

Freud, Sigmund. 1940. An Outline of Psycho-Analysis. London: Hogarth.

Freud, Sigmund. 1905. Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. London: Verso.

Fromm, Erich. 1973. The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Jacobson, E. 1964. The Self and the Object World. New York: International Universities Press.

Kumar, Sanjay. 2019. “Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll And Mr. Hyde By R.L. Stevenson on Psychological and Philosophical Study.” Journal of Advances and Scholarly Researches in Allied Education 16 (5): 781-785.

Kernberg, Otto. 2009. “The Concept of the Death Drive: A Clinical Perspective.” International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 90:1009-1023. Https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-8315.2009.00187.x.

Minderop, Albertine. 2016. Psikologi Sastra. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Moore, Anthony. 2019. Freud, Jekyll and Hyde. Woroni. Https://www.woroni.com.au/words/freud-jekyll-and-hyde/.

Nunberg, H. 1959. Allgemeine Neurosnlehrer Auf Psychoanalytischer. Huber: Berne and Stuttgart.

Ratna, Nyoman Kutha. 2006. Teori, Metode, dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra. Cetakan ke-1. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Samekto. 1976. Ikhtisar Sejarah Kesusastraan Inggris. Jakarta: Daya Widya.

Stevenson, Rrobert Louis. 1886. The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde and other tales of Terror. London: Pinguin Group.

Shuo, Cao dan Dan, Liu. 2012. “Femininity in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.” Canadian Center of Science and Education 2 (1): 123-127. Http://dx.doi.org/10/5539/ell.v2n1p123.

Spiazzi, Marina dan Marina Travella. 2009. The Victorian Age. Zanichelli. Https://www.martini-schio.it/images/doc/go_for_English/24._VICTORIAN_CONTEXT.pdf.

Tyson, Lois. 2006. Critical Theory Today A User-Friendly Guide. New York: Taylor and Francis Group.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/ajbs.2020.04101

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 RIZKI EKA PUTRI ALDA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

     

ISSN: 2549-1482 (p); 2549-2047 (e)

Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Accreditation Number (Ministry of RTHE/DIKTI): 10/E/KPT/2019

Indexed by:

       

Adabiyyāt Office:

Faculty of Adab and Cultural Sciences Building, 3rd Floor
Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta
Jl. Marsda Adisucipto Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
Telephone Number: +62-274-513949
e-mailadabiyyat@uin-suka.ac.id
http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/adab/Adabiyyat/
 

Creative Commons License

All Publications by Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.