SUBALTERNITAS TOKOH DIAH AYU DAN MAHARANI: ANTARA KUTUKAN DAN SENJATA

Irmawati Irmawati, Wahyu Gandi G

Abstract


The story of “Kutukan Dapur” by Eka Kurniawan presents a colonial setting: Dutch colonialism and postcolonialism in the image of two characters, Diah Ayu and Maharani. Maharani is in patriarchal shackles, which is ingrained in her family life and social structure. Meanwhile, Diah Ayu is in the bonds of Dutch colonialism, which is brought back by the author. Both are in a subaltern position but in different conditions. Based on this description, this research asks two questions which are analyzed using Gayatri Spivak's subaltern theory, (1) what the position of Diah Ayu and Maharani in "Kutukan Dapur" short story, and (2) how the subaltern is constructed through the efforts of the two characters to get out of that position is. The method used is qualitative. The narratives are classified and analyzed to understand the subaltern's position and construction and its resistance efforts. This research indicates that Maharani and Diah Ayu are subalterns of Maharani dominated by patriarchy, while Diah Ayu is dominated by Dutch colonialism. Maharani fought back, but only with an idea or ideas. Unlike Diah Ayu, she is able to fight in a real form. However, as the author, Eka is trapped in a biased construction in addition to gender bias and representation. In subaltern studies, representation is only a tool towards more real domination. The two figures seem to be fighting against the power structure (colonial and patriarchal) but are still trapped in the dominance of the other.


Keywords


subaltern, domination, representation, colonial, postcolonial

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths, dan Helen Tiffin. 1989. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-colonial Lit. London: Routledge.

Bramantio, Bramantio. 2014. “Puitika Cerpen-Cerpen Eka Kurniawan.” MOZAIK HUMANIORA 14 (2): 8. https://doi.org/10.20473/ mozaik.v14i2.3846.

Faruk. 2018. Kajian-Kajian Pascakolonial, Ras, Ruang, dan Perjalanan. Yogyakarta: Dua enam Publishing.

Gandhi, Leela. 1998. Postcolonial Theory: A Critical Introduction. Sydney: Allen & Unwin 83 Alexandre Street.

———. 2014. Teori Poskolonial: Upaya Meruntuhkan Hegemoni Barat. Diterjemahkan oleh Yuwan Wahyutri dan Nur Hamidah. Jakarta: Qalam.

Geertz, Clifford. 1983. Keluarga Jawa. Jakarta: Grafiti Pers.

Kurniawan, Eka. 2018. Cinta tak Ada Mati dan Cerita-Cerita Lainnya. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Lestari, Erawati Dwi. 2020. “Relasi Pribumi dan Kolonialis dalam Cerpen ‘Kutukan Dapur’ Karya Eka Kurniawan (Tinjauan Postkolonial).” GHANCARAN: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia 2 (1): 23–35. https://doi.org/10.19105/ghancaran. v2i1.3191.

Ramsi, Ida Satriyani Kasran, dan Else Liliani. 2019. “Social Criticism in a Short Story of ‘Corat-Coret Di Toilet’ by Eka Kurniawan.” Atlantis Press. https://doi.org/10.2991/icille-18.2019.33.

Rusdiarti, Suma Riella. 2019. “Dapur, Makanan, dan Resistensi Perempuan dalam Cerita Pendek Kutukan Dapur Karya Eka Kurniawan,” Desember. https://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/jib/article/view/7958.

Setiawan, Rahmat. 2020. Pascakolonial: Wacana, Teori, dan Aplikasi. Yogyakarta: Gambang.

Sharp, Joanne. 2008. Geographics of Postcolonialism. New York: SAGE Publications.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. 1995. “Can the Subaltern Speak?” Dalam The Postcolonial Studies Reader, disunting oleh Bill Ashcroft. London and New York: Routledge.

———. 1999. Critique of The Postcolonial Reason. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/ajbs.2021.05201

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Irmawati, Wahyu Gandi G

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



ISSN: 2549-1482 (p); 2549-2047 (e)

Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Accreditation Number (Ministry of RTHE/DIKTI): 10/E/KPT/2019

Indexed by:

       

Adabiyyāt Office:

Faculty of Adab and Cultural Sciences Building, 3rd Floor
Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta
Jl. Marsda Adisucipto Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
Telephone Number: +62-274-513949
e-mailadabiyyat@uin-suka.ac.id
http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/adab/Adabiyyat/
 

Creative Commons License

All Publications by Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.