GAMBARAN KECEMASAN ATLET MAHASISWA: STUDI PADA UNIT KEGIATAN MAHASISWA (UKM) OLAH RAGA UNIVERSITAS ISLAM MAULANA MALIK IBRAHIM MALANG

Lalu Gigir Gilas Pristiwa, Fathul Lubabin Nuqul

Abstract


Abstract. Fighting anxiety often occurs in male and female athletes, as well as individual group sports and sports. The anxiety is a feeling of worry, anxiety, and uneasiness by considering the game as something dangerous. There are many factors that can cause an athlete to experience anxiety during a match that is dysfunctional thoughts and stress, academic problems, anxiety injuries, and poor team relationships. Other factors also exist from such individuals and the environment, such as negative thoughts on the outcome of the game, the pressure of the coach or supporters. Therefore, the fighting anxiety is very important to be known by every athlete or team that will compete, in order to be able to improve its best performance in the face of the game. This study used a quantitative approach measured using the scale of The Sport Interference Checklist (SIC) to measure athlete's anxiety. The subjects of the study were 110 people consisting of athletes of students in the SportsĀ  student Unit State Islamic University Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang. With male gender of 64 people and 46 women, as well as individual sports from two sports that is badminton and table tennis totaling 31 people and sports groups from four sports that is soccer, volleyball, basketball, and sepak takraw amounted to 79 person. The analysis is descriptive analysis. The results showed that there was no difference between sex of male athlete with percentage 63,00% and woman equal to 66,89%, because anxiety at athlete evaluated from gender have no significance, and difference between type of individual sport with percentage 67, 12% and sports groups of 63.64%, if reviewed the anxiety of the athlete's sports type does not have significant. This means that athletes in the Sport students Unit equally have anxiety problems when playing.


Keywords


gender; type of sport; anxiety

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alwisol. (2004). Psikologi Kepribadian. Malang: Umm Press.

Amir, N. (2012). Pengembangan alat ukur kecemasan olahraga. Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan, (1), 325-347.

Athan. N. & Sampson, I. (2013). Coping With Pre-Competitive Anxiety In Sports Competition. European Journal of Nature and Applied Sciences, (1), Hal 1-9.

Brad Donohue, N. Clayton Silver, Yani Dickens, Tracey Covassin and Kevin Lancer.(2007). Development and Initial Psychometric Evaluation of the Sport Interference Checklist. Jurnal of Behavior modification, 31, 944-946. SAGE.

Harsono. (1998). Coaching dan aspek-aspek Psikologis dalam Coaching Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Jakarta: Proyek Pengembangan Lembaga Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Hardy, L, Jones, G, Gould, D. (1999). Understanding Psychological Preparation for Sport :Theory and Practice of Elite Performers. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Komarudin. (2015). Psikologi olahraga. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Maccoby, E.E & Jacklin, C.N. (1974). The Psychology of Sex Differences. Stanford: Stanford University.

Mahakarisma, R. (2014). Tingkat Kecemasan Dan Stress Atlet Bulutangkis

Menjelang Kompetisi Pomnas XIII Tahun 2013 Di Daerah

Istimewa Yogyakarta. Skripsi . FIK UNY.

Myers, E. G. (1983). Social Psychology. Tokyo :McGraw Hill.

Putri, Eka Yetisa. (2007). Hubungan Antara Intimasi Pelatih-Atlet Dengan Kecemasan Bertanding Pada Atlet Ikatan Pencaksilat Seluruh Indonesia. Skripsi. Semarang: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro.

Puspitasari, Y. P. (2010). Hubungan Antara Dukungan Sosial Teman Sebaya Dengan Kecemasan SMAN 1 SURAKARTA Menjelang Ujian Nasional (UN) Pada Siswa Kelas XII Reguler SMA Negeri. Tesis. Fakultas psikologi Universitas Diponegoro Semarang.

Rastogi, N. K., & Katiyar, V. (2014). A comparative study of sport competition anxiety test between college level chess and cricket players. International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports, 3,(3).

Reese, L.M.S., Pittsinger, R., & Yang, J. (2012) Effectiveness of psychological intervention following sport injury. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 1, 71-79.

Gunarsa. S (2008). Pengantar Psikologi. Jakarta: PT Gunung Mulia.

Gunarsa. S (2004). Pengantar Psikologi. Jakarta: PT Gunung Mulia.

Gunarsa. S (1996) Psikologi Olahraga Teori dan Praktek. Jakarta: Gunung Mulia.

Smith, H.C., (1968), Personality Development, New York: Mc.Graw-Hill Book Co.

Weinberg. R.S & Gould. D. (2007), Foundation of sport and exercise psychology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/jpsi.v6i1.1471

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Psikologi Integratif

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.