Sexual Harassment In Education Institutions: College Students’ Sexually Abused Experience and Its Impact On Their Lives

Authors

  • Umi Mahmudah Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pekalongan
  • Siti Fatimah IAINU Kebumen

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14421/musawa.2021.201.97-107

Keywords:

sexual harassment, students, educational institutions, teachers

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi pengalaman pelecehan seksual yang dialami oleh mahasiswa pada saat mereka masih anak-anak. Penelitian menitikberatkan pada pengalaman pelecehan seksual mereka di sekolah. Pendekatan mixed-method digunakan. Teknik pengambilan data kualitatif dilakukan dengan wawancara sedangkan data kuantitatif diperoleh dari distribusi angket. Sebanyak 240 mahasiswa di dua universitas di Jawa Tengah dianalisis. Teknik analisis deskriptif digunakan untuk menggambarkan pengalaman pelecehan seksual mereka. Kemudian, metoderegresi digunakan untuk menganalisis relasi antara pengetahuan dan pengalaman tersebut terhadap dampak-dampak negatif yang mungkin menyertainya. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa  yang dilecehkan secara seksual ketika mereka masih anak-anak adalah tinggi, terutama anak perempuan. Pelaku pelecehan seksual sebagian besar dilakukan oleh guru. Namun tetangga, teman, dan keluarga juga berpotensi menjadi pelaku. Dampak yang paling besar adalah secara psikologis, yaitu ketakutan yang tidak wajar, depresi, depresi, dan trauma. Hasil juga mengemukakan bahwa pengetahuan dan pengalaman dilecehkan seksual oleh korban menyebabkan berbagai dampak negatif.

[This study aims to explore the experiences of college students' sexual abuse when they were children. The research focuses on their experiences of sexual harassment at school. A mixed-method approach is used. The qualitative data collection technique is carried out by interview while the quantitative data are obtained from the distribution of questionnaires. A total of 240 students at two universities in Central Java are analyzed. Descriptive analysis techniques are used to describe their experiences of sexual harassment. Then, the regression method is used to analyze the relationship between knowledge and experience against the negative impacts that may accompany it. The results show that students who are sexually abused when they are children are high, especially girls. Most of the perpetrators of sexual harassment were teachers. However, neighbors, friends, and family are also potential perpetrators. The biggest impact is psychological, namely unnatural fear, depression, depression, and trauma. The results also reveal that the knowledge and experience of being sexually abused have various negative impacts.]

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agustina, Peni Wahyu, and Asri Kusumaning Ratri. “Ananlisis Tindak Kekerasan Seksual Pada Anak Sekolah Dasar Di Kabupaten Tulungagung Tahun 2017.” Ilmu Pendidikan: Jurnal Kajian Teori Dan Praktik Kependidikan 3, no. 2 (2018): 151–55.

Bahri, Syaiful. “Suatu Kajian Awal Terhadap Tingkat Pelecehan Seksual Di Aceh.” Jurnal Pencerahan 9, no. 1 (2015).

Bjørnseth, Ingunn, and Attila Szabo. “Sexual Violence against Children in Sports and Exercise: A Systematic Literature Review.” Journal of Child Sexual Abuse 27, no. 4 (2018): 365–85.

Creswell, J W, and D J Creswell. “Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. United Kingdom, UK.” SAGE Publications, Inc, 2018.

Dartnall, Elizabeth, and Rachel Jewkes. “Sexual Violence against Women: The Scope of the Problem.” Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology 27, no. 1 (2013): 3–13.

Deb, Sibnath, and Kerryann Walsh. “Impact of Physical, Psychological, and Sexual Violence on Social Adjustment of School Children in India.” School Psychology International 33, no. 4 (2012): 391–415.

Fatimah, Siti. Perkembangan Anak Pada Masa Golden Age: Didukung Penelitian Ilmiah Dan Panduan Islam. Surakarta: UNS Press, 2019.

Finkelhor, David, Heather Hammer, and Andrea Sedlak. Sexually Assaulted Children: National Estimates and Characteristics. US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile …, 2008.

Henok, A. “The Effect of Sexual Violence on Class Performance among Female Students of Mizan-Tepi University, South West Ethiopia.” J Community Med Health Educ 5, no. 373 (2015): 711–2161.

Huraira, Diesmy, Nurur Rohmah, Nuril Rifanda, Kunti Novitasari, Ulya Diena, and Fathul Lubabin Nuqul. “Kekerasan Seksual Pada Anak: Telaah Relasi Pelaku Korban Dan Kerentanan Pada Anak.” Psikoislamika 12, no. 2 (2015): 5–10.

Jordan, Carol E, Jessica L Combs, and Gregory T Smith. “An Exploration of Sexual Victimization and Academic Performance among College Women.” Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 15, no. 3 (2014): 191–200.

Mahmudah, Umi. Metode Statistika: Step by Step. Pekalongan: Penerbit NEM, 2020.

Mersha, Yeshimebrat, Alemayehu Bishaw, and Firew Tegegne. “Factors Affecting Female Students’ Academic Achievement at Bahir Dar University.” Journal of International Cooperation in Education 15, no. 3 (2013): 135–48.

Nasrun, Nasrun, and Nani Barorah Nasution. “The Effectiveness of Touch/Don’t Touch Technique to Improving the Understanding of Sexual Abuse Prevention for Primary School Students Number 060885 in Medan City.” Indonesian Journal Of Early Childhood Education Studies 5, no. 1 (2016): 24–28.

Ningsih, Sri Hennyati Ermaya Sari Bayu. “Kekerasan Seksual Pada Anak Di Kabupaten Karawang.” Jurnal Bidan 4, no. 2 (2018): 267040.

Noviana, Ivo. “Kekerasan Seksual Terhadap Anak: Dampak Dan Penanganannya.” Sosio Informa 1, no. 1 (2015).

Perempuan, Komnas. “Perempuan Dalam Himpitan Pandemi: Lonjakan Kekerasan Seksual, Kekerasan Siber, Perkawinan Anak, Dan Keterbatasan Penanganan Di Tengah Covid-19.” Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling 138, no. 9 (2021): 1689–99.

Probosiwi, Ratih, and Daud Bahransyaf. “Pedofilia Dan Kekerasan Seksual: Masalah Dan Perlindungan Terhadap Anak.” Sosio Informa 1, no. 1 (2015).

Rini, Rini. “Dampak Psikologis Jangka Panjang Kekerasan Seksual Anak (Komparasi Faktor: Pelaku, Tipe, Cara, Keterbukaan Dan Dukungan Sosial).” IKRA-ITH HUMANIORA: Jurnal Sosial Dan Humaniora 4, no. 3 (2020): 1–12.

Santelli, John S, Stephanie A Grilo, Tse-Hwei Choo, Gloria Diaz, Kate Walsh, Melanie Wall, Jennifer S Hirsch, Patrick A Wilson, Louisa Gilbert, and Shamus Khan. “Does Sex Education before College Protect Students from Sexual Assault in College?” PloS One 13, no. 11 (2018): e0205951.

Suwandi, Joko, Chusniatun Chusniatun, and Kuswardani Kuswardani. “Karakteristik Kekerasan Seksual Terhadap Anak Perempuan Di Wonogiri Dan Boyolali.” Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Sosial 29, no. 1 (2019): 65–77.

Tirtawinata, Christofora Megawati. “Importance of Sex Education since Early Age for Preventing Sexual Harassment.” Humaniora 7, no. 2 (2016): 201–9.

Downloads

Published

2022-01-24

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract Viewed = 65 times | pdf downloaded = 77 times