IDEOLOGI TAKFIRI MUHAMMAD AL-MAQDISI: Memahami Hubungan Beragama dan Bernegara Perspektif Maqāshid asy-Syarī‘ah

M. Hafidh Widodo
* Filsafat Islam, UIN Sunan Kalijaga

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/lijid.v1i2.1709

Abstract


The term "kaafir" (infidel) has existed since the time of the Prophet Muhammad.  In the Koran, it is stated that kaafir is a person who does not believe that Allah Swt. as God Almighty, people who worship idols, and Ahl Kitab (Jewish and Christian). The meaning of this term then changed, not only aimed at non-Muslims but also addressed to Muslims themselves. Muhammad  al- Maqdisi accused kaafir of those who did bid'ah, for those who made laws and those who followed laws other than the laws of the Koran and al-Hadith—then the Law, the 1945 Constitution, and Pancasila included kaafir products. As a consequence, they have been considered apostates and truly have become non-Muslims, and their blood is halal to be killed. The question is "how did the takfiri ideological concept according to Muhammad al-Maqdisi relate to religion and state".


Keywords


Al-Maqdisi; Maqashid asy-Syari’ah; Kaafir; Takfiri

Full Text:

PDF

References


“Palestine War,” Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1947–1949, Diakses pada 9 Oktober 2018.

Ad-Damsyiqi, Ismail bin Umar bin Katsir al-Kursyi, Tafsir al- Quran al-‘Adhim, Vol. 1, Riyadh: Dar at-Taibah, t.t.

Al-Bahiy, Muhammad, Al-Fikr al-Islami al Hadist wa Silatuhu fi al Isti`mar al Gharbi, Kairo: Maktabah Wahbah, t.t.

Al-Maqdisi, Abu Muhammad, Millah Ibrahim, Amman: Mimbar at-Tauhid wa al-Jihad, 1985.

_____, Ar-Risalah as-Sulasiniyah fi at-Tahdzir min al-Ghuluw fi at-Takfir, Amman: Mimbar at-Tauhid wa al-Jihad, 1998.

_____, Https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_Muhammad_al-Maqdisi, Diakses pada 1 Oktober 2018.

Al-Qaradhawi, Yusuf, Ash-Shahwah al-Islamiyyah baina al-Juhud wa at-Tatharruf, Beirut: Muassasah ar-Risalah, 1996.

Al-Shami, Abu Anas, Bati Qada Nuhibbuh Tahta Liwa at-Tawhid, T.tp.: t.p., 2004.

Al-Shishani, Murad, The Dangerous Ideas of the Neo-Zarqawist Movement, New York: CTC Usma Press, 2009; https:// ctc.usma.edu/the-dangerous-ideas-of-the-neo-zarqawist-movement, Diakses pada 25 Oktober 2018.

Amstrong, Karen, Berperang Demi Tuhan: Fundamentalisme dalam Islam, Kristen dan Yahudi. Jakarta: Serambi, 2001.

Azra, Azyumardi, Pergolakan Politik Islam: dari Fundamen- talisme, Modernisme, hingga Post-Modernisme, Jakarta: Paramadina, 2006.

Binder, Leonard, Islamic Liberalism: A Critique of Development Ideologies. Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press, 1988.

Brisard, Jean-Charles, Zarqawi: The New Face of al-Qaeda, New-York: Other Press, 2005.

Bunzel, Cole, From Paper State to Caliphate: The Ideology of the Islamic State, Washington: The Brookings Institutions, 2015.

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), www.cia.gov/library/abbot-tabad-compound/index_documents.html., Diakses pada 21 Oktober 2018.

Gholib, Achmad, Teologi dalam Perspektif Islam, Jakarta: UIN Jakarta, 2005.

Husayn, Fuad, Al-Zarqawi: Al-Jil al-Thani li al-Qaida, Beirut: Dar al-Khayal, 2005.

_____, Al-Zarqawi: The Second Generation of al-Qaeda, Jordan, Ject Press, 2011.

Ibn Manzhur, Lisan al-Arab, Vol. 8, Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turats al-Arabi, 1991.

Ibn Taimiyyah, Majmu’ al-Fatawa Syaikh al-Islam Ibn Taimiyyah. Vol. 12, T.tp.: t.p., t.t.

Kepel, Gilles, The War for Muslim Minds: Islam and the West, terj. Pascale Ghazaleh, Cambridge, MA, & London: Belknap/Harvard University Press, 2004.

Lahoud, Carine, “Koweït: Salafismes et Rapports au Pouvoir," Bernard Rougier (ed.), Qu'est-ce que le Salafisme? Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2008.

Lister, Charles, “Profiling the Islamic State.” Brookings Doha Center, Analysis Paper, No. 13 (November 2014); www. brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/en_web_ lister.pdf., Diakses pada 21 Oktober 2018.

Marty, Martin E., “What is Fundamentalisme? Theological Perspective,” Hans Kun & Jurgen Moltmann (eds.), Fundamentalism as a Cumanical Challenge, London: Mac Millan, 1992.

Mousavi, Sayed Morteza, Takfir: Azadi-e Andishe, Azadi-e Aqideh, Jakarta: Citra, 2013.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
Living Islam: Journal of Islamic Discourses is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/ushuluddin/li.