Dilema Penggunaan “Syariah” Dalam Deklarasi-Deklarasi HAM Islam

Nurul Amin Hudin
* UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/lijid.v2i1.1879

Abstract


Among the many religions in the world, Islam is the only religion that explicitly declares the notion of human rights known as al-Bayàn al-`Alam ‘an Huqùq al-Insàn fi al-Islàm (Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Islam). Therefore, it is clear that Islam truly respects human rights. However, the use of the term "Islam" in the declaration implies that the declaration was based on sharia. Even though the principles of sharia in question tend to discriminate against other religious groups, slaves, and women. This article will explain some of the ambiguities in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Islam and suggest more adequate ideas in the enforcement of human rights campaigns in the Islamic world.


Keywords


Human Rights; Freedom; Sharia; Islam

Full Text:

PDF

References


An-Naim, Abdullah Ahmed, Dekonstruksi Syari’ah: Wacana Kebebasan Sipil, Hak Asasi Manusia, dan Hubungan Inter- nasional dalam Islam, terj. Ahmad Suaedy dan Amiruddin Arrani, Yogyakarta: LKiS, 1994.

Auda, Jasser, Maqasid al-Shariah as Philosohy of Islamic Law: A Systems Approach, London: The International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2008.

Dahlan, Abdul Aziz, Ensiklopedi Hukum Islam Jilid 2, Jakarta: Ikhtiar Baru van Hoeve, 1997.

Dokumen Deklarasi Kairo tentang HAM Menurut Islam. El Fadl, Khaled Abou, The Great Theft: Wrestling Islam from the Extremsts, PerfectBoud: eBook vertion, 2005.

Esposito, John L., Masa Depan Islam: Antara Tantangan Kema- jemukan dan Benturan dengan Barat, terj. Eva Y. Nukman & Edi Wahyu SM., Bandung: Mizan, 2010.

Fauzi, Ihsan Ali, Ensiklopedia Tematis Dunia Islam: Dinamika Masa Kini, Jakarta: Ichtiar Baru Van Hoeve, 1992.

Hardiman, F. Budi, Hak-Hak Asasi Manusia: Polemik dengan Agama dan Kebudayaan, Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2011.

Litle, David, et.al., Kajian Lintas Kultural Islam-Barat: Kebebasan Agama dan Hak-hak Asasi Manusia, terj. Riyanto, Yogya- karta: Pustaka Pelajar, 1997.

Madjid, Nurcholish, et.al., Fiqh Lintas Agama: Membangun Masyarakat Inklusif-Pluralis, Jakarta: Paramadina, 2004.

Sachedina, Abdullaziz, Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights, New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Sardi, Martinus, Menuju Masyarakat Berwawasan Hak-Hak Asasi Manusia, Yogyakarta: Center for Religion and Peace Studies Pascasarjanan UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2014.

Zayd, Nasr Hamid Abu, Dekonstruksi Gender: Kritik Wacana Perempuan dalam Islam, terj. Moch. Nur Ichwan & Moch. Syamsul Hadi, Yogyakarta: SAMHA, 2003.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Living Islam: Journal of Islamic Discourses
http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/ushuluddin/li

Prodi Magister Aqidah dan Filsafat Islam, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Pemikiran Islam, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta.