• Salma binti Ismail LISAFA Institute Penang, Malaysia



Matthew Lipman, Pragmatism, Community of Inquiry, P4C, Harmony


This study aims to seek the connection between Matthew Lipman’s Pragmatism with the “philosophy for children” (P4C) in Malaysia. Matthew Lipman’s pragmatism built and developed “Community of inquiry” (CI) in “Philosophy for Children” (P4C) starting from negative experiences while teaching philosophy to college students in the late ’60s. This research uses a critical hermeneutics method and other critical approaches. This research concludes that the success of P4C successfully becomes part of the solution in the community so it is needed to be developed. P4C is not only a teaching material for children but is also useful as a basic principle in children's moral education. Through the Socratic Method, the children can express opinions and think critically. These abilities are very important in the process of philosophizing. P4C can encourage children to learn to think and make their own decisions without being enslaved by dogmatic thinking or relativism. This ability is very necessary so that children can live in harmony and develop in a pluralistic and democratic society like Malaysia.
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