PEMEROLEHAN BAHASA ANAK USIA 3 BULAN — 2 TAHUN (Studi Kasus pada Muhammad Zaini)

M. Rafiek

Abstract


This study aims to describe and explain the first syllable and words or phrases spoken by Muhammad Zaini from the age of 3 months to 2 years of age. This study uses a longitudinal approach with observing and recording techniques. The theory used in this study is the theory of the language acquisition from Steinberg, Nagata, and Aline and Crystal. This research is also supported by theory of first utterance phases from Steinberg, Nagata, and Aline and Piaget. The researcher manages to find the first syllable acquired by Muhammad Zaini, namely ma [mل]. This study also found other syllables Muhammad Zaini obtained after the first syllable, i.e bah ‘father’, a ‘eat’, tah ‘vomit’, dah ‘finished, da ‘three’, dai ‘cake’, ti ‘extinguished’, and pu ‘lights’. After acquiring syllables, then later Muhammad Zaini obtain such word abah ‘father’, totot ‘baby bottle’, inah ‘which means no or do not’, lalai ‘do not’, emma ‘mother’, mother, kaka ‘brother’, Iedah ‘already’, atit ‘ill’, eka or keka  ‘open’, deda or kededa ‘no’, uah ‘fruit’, babah ‘sleep’, uka or kuka ‘open’, atu ‘ghost’, au ‘smell’, apu ‘light’ tutu ‘lid’, mau ‘want’, kukura ‘turtle’, ame ‘crowd’, auh ‘far’, dada ‘no’, manas ‘hot’, ngin ‘cold’ lalas ‘hard’, obiy ‘car’, babaluh ‘deep pool’, abis ‘end or finish’, aju ‘forward’, sawat ‘airplane’, and wak ‘fish’. In addition there are also phrases, namely abah...ku ‘my...father’, mama...ku ‘ my...mother’, kaka...ku ‘...my...brother’, sakit babarut ‘stomach ache’, ta api ‘train’, and mati puaw ‘die back or die again’.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Chaer, Abdul. 2009. Psikolinguistik, Kajian Teoretik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Crystal, David. 2010. A Little Book of Language. Sydney, Australia: A UNSW Press Book.

Dardjowidjojo, Soenjono. 2007. Derajat Keuniversalan dalam Pemerolehan Bahasa. Dalam Yassir Nasanius (Peny.). PELBBA 18 (Pertemuan Linguistik Pusat Kajian Bahasa dan Budaya Atma Jaya: Kedelapan Belas), hlm. 233-265. Jakarta: Pusat Kajian Bahasa dan Budaya Unika Atmajaya dan Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Ellis, Rod. 1986. Understanding Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rafiek, Muhammad. 2010. Psikolinguistik: Kajian Bahasa Anak dan Gangguan Berbahasa. Malang: UM Press.

Steinberg, Danny D, Nagata, Hiroshi, Aline, David P. 2001. Psycholinguistics, Language, Mind, and World. Harlow, England: Longman.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/ajbs.2014.13106

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2014 M. Rafiek

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

     

ISSN: 2549-1482 (p); 2549-2047 (e)

Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Accreditation Number (Ministry of RTHE/DIKTI): 10/E/KPT/2019

Indexed by:

       

Adabiyyāt Office:

Faculty of Adab and Cultural Sciences Building, 3rd Floor
Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta
Jl. Marsda Adisucipto Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
Telephone Number: +62-274-513949
e-mailadabiyyat@uin-suka.ac.id
http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/adab/Adabiyyat/
 

Creative Commons License

All Publications by Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.