KELANGSUNGAN DAN PERUBAHAN INDIVIDUALISME AMERIKA: KAJIAN TEKSTUAL DAN KONTEKSTUAL TERHADAP PIDATO PELANTIKAN PRESIDEN FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT

Eko Rujito DA

Abstract


This study examines Franklin Delano Roosevelt's four inaugural addresses to find out the continuity and change of American traditional value, namely individualism. This study is purely a library research based on textual interpretation of those inaugural addresses in revealing any continuity and change of American traditional value mentioned above. Applying an interdisciplinary andholistic approach, the writer attempts to analyze the continuity and change of American individualism values found in those inaugural addresses in the socio-cultural, historical and biographical contexts. This study begins with introductory notes, and then goes on to a discussion of the origins and significance of American individualism. The next part is a discussion on the continuity and change of American individualism found in those inaugural addresses, both textually and contextually. The study finds that there are continuity and change in the interpretation of American individualism expressed in those inaugural addresses. These continuity and change are inevitable the result of the dynamic in economy, politic, and socio-cultural in America during the thirties and early forties.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Bellah, Robert N., Richard Madsen, William M. Sullivan, Ann Swidler, Steven M. Tipton. 1985. Habit of The Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life. Berkley, Los Angles: University of California Press.

Cincotta, Howard (ed.). 1994. An Outline of American History. United States Information Agency.

Clath, Rebecca. 1991. “Complexities of Conservatism: How Conservatives Understand the World” in Wolfe, Allan (ed.). America at Century’s End. Barkley, Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Clark, Thomas D. 1974. The Great American Frontier A History of Western Pioneering. Connecticut: Greenwood Press.

Clough, S. 1960. Basic Values of Western Civilization. New York: Columbia University Press.

Curti, Merle. 1964. The Growth of American Thought, Third Edition. New York: Harper and Row Publisher.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. 2001. Essays and Poems. Vermont: Everyman Library.

Foerster, Norman. 1980. Image of America: Our Literature from Puritanism to Space Age, Notre Dame, London: University of Notre Dame Press.

Gabriel, Ralph H. 1974. American Values: Continuity and Change. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press.

Glazer, Nathan, “Equality and Individualism in the United States” in Lohof. Bruce A. (ed.). 1978. Through the Eyes of the World: International Essays in American Studies. Delhi: The Macmillan Company of India Limited.

Hagberg, Sarah. 2004. “A Critique of the History of American Welfare as a Determining Factor for Contemporary Attitudes towards Welfare and Social Policies”. http://tiss.zdv.uni-tuebingen.de/webroot/sp/spsba01_W98_1/denver5.htm.

Hofstadter, Richard, William Miller, and Daniel Aaron. 1959. The American Republic. Vol. 2. Englewood Cliff, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Hofstadter, Richard, (ed). 1959. Great Issues in American History: A Documentary Record. New York: Vintage Books 1966. Anti-Intellectualism in American Life. New York: Knopf. 1968. The Progressive Historians: Turner, Beard, Parrington. New York: Knopf.

Hoover, Herbert. 1928. “Rugged Individualism” in Hofstadter, Richard (ed.), Great Issues in American History: A Documentary Record. New York: Vintage Books.

Huntington, Samuel P. 1981. American Politics: The Promise of Disharmony. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Kammen, Michael. 1980. People of Paradox: An Inquiry Concerning the Origins of American Civilization. New York: Oxford University Press.

Klach, Rebecca. 1991. “Complexities of Conservatism: How Conservatives Understand the World” in Wolfe, Allan (ed.). America at Century’s End. Berkeley. Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Lee, Susan Previant & Peter Passell. 1979. A New Economic View of American History. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.

Roosevelt, Elliott. 1991. The President’s Man. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Roosevelt, Franklin Delano. 1932. “Commonwealth Club Speech” in Hofstadter, Richard (ed.). Great Issues in American History: A Documentary Record. New York: Vintage Books.

_______. 1937. “Radio Address on Supreme Court Reform” in Hofstadter, Richard (ed.). Great Issues in American History: A Documentary Record. New York: VintageBooks.

Slotkin, Richard. 1985. The Fatal Environment: The Myth of the Frontier on the Age of Industrialization, 1800--1890. Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press.

Sullivan, Patricia. 1996. Days of Hope: Race and Democracy in the New Deal Era. University of North Carolina Press.

Thoreau, Henry David. 1993. Walden and Other Writings. Barnes & Noble Books.

Tocqueville, Alexis de. 1945. Democracy in America. New York: Vintage Books.

Todd, Lewis & Merle Curti, (eds.). 1972. The Rise of American Nation, third edition. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc.

Turner, Frederick Jackson. 1963. The Significance of Frontier in American History. University of Arizona Press.

Ver Steeg, Clarence and Hofstadter, R., 1978. A People and A Nation. New York: Harper & Row Publisher.

White, William Allan. 1939. The Changing West. New York: The Macmillan Company.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/ajbs.2010.09102

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2010 Eko Rujito DA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

     

ISSN: 2549-1482 (p); 2549-2047 (e)

Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Accreditation Number (Ministry of RTHE/DIKTI): 10/E/KPT/2019

Indexed by:

       

Adabiyyāt Office:

Faculty of Adab and Cultural Sciences Building, 3rd Floor
Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta
Jl. Marsda Adisucipto Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
Telephone Number: +62-274-513949
e-mailadabiyyat@uin-suka.ac.id
http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/adab/Adabiyyat/
 

Creative Commons License

All Publications by Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.