SEJARAH BALAGAH: ANTARA MA’RIFAH DAN SINĀ’AH

Ibnu Samsul Huda

Abstract


When the literary world enters the realm of scientific study, the arbitrariness and the infinity of expression, which is the main characteristic of literary work, should be evaluated based on an objective standard of science. Balagah, a literary theory born and developed in Arab, has also undergone a process of standardization of concepts and theories as other sciences. This paper describes the history of balagah from embryonic phase until it has been structured to be a science with a set of scientific theories. A historical approach is expected to be able to reveal historical facts related to the codification of balagah since the beginning of its existence until its latest development. The systematization and theorization of balagah had been done since there was a trend of translations of Greek philosophy into Arabic. The demand of scientific knowledge in Greek tradition greatly endorsed the theorizing of balagah. Standardization of the theory of balagah positively facilitates learners to understand the science of balagah and  to have scientific accountability. However, the systematization of balagah has led this study to a static condition. In addition, the orientation of balagah is more in linguistic (syntax) area.Simak


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbas, Fadl Hasan. 2000. Al-Balagah Funūnuhā wa Afnānuhā: Ilmu al-Ma’ani. Yordania: Dar al-Furqan.

Abdullah, Rajā. T.t. Falsafah Balāgah: Baina al-Taqniyyah wa al-Tatawwur. Iskandaria: Nasy'ah al-Ma‘ārif. Cet ke-2.

Abu Satīt, Syahāt Muhammad Abdul Rahmān. 1988 M/1408 H. Al-Bahsu al-Balāgī fi Z|ilāli al-Qur'ān al-Karīm. Cet. ke-1. Mesir: Matba'ah Amānah.

Al-Hāsyimi, Ahmad. 1994 M/1414H. Jawāhir al-Balagah. Beirut: Dār al-Fikri.

Al-Jābiri, Muhammad ‘Abid. 2000. Bunyah al-‘Aql al-‘Arabī. Cet. ke-7. Beirut: Dār al-Bayda'.

Al-Rāzi, Fakhruddin. 1989. Nihayat al-Ījaz fi Dirāyat al-I‘jaz. Cet. ke-1. Kairo: al-Maktab al-Tsaqafi.

Daif, Syauqi. 1965. Al-Balagah: Tatawwur wa Tārīkh. Cet. ke-4 Kairo: Dār al-Ma‘ārif.

Hasan, Tamam. 2000. Al-Usūl. Kairo: 'Alam al-Kutub.

Husain, Abdul Qadir. 1986. Asar al-Nuhāt fi al-Bahsi al-Balāgi. Cet. ke-2. Qatar: Dār al-Qathri Ibn al-Faj'āt.

Ibn Abdillah, Abi Abdillah Yāqut. 1991. Mu’jam al-Udabā‘: Irsyad al-Arīb ila Ma’rifat al-Adīb. Cet. ke-1, jld. IV. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah.

Ibrahim, Tahā Ahmad. 1937. Tārikh al-Naqd al-Adabi ‘inda al-Arab. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Iskandari, Ahmad dan Mustafa 'Annani. 1916. Al-Wasit. Mesir: Dār al-Ma'ārif.

Manzūr, Muhammad. 1948. Al-Naqd al-Manhajiy ‘inda al-‘Arab. Kairo: Maktabah Nahdhah al-Mishriyyah.

Nurgiantoro, Burhan. 2002. Teori Pengkajian Fiksi. Cet. ke-4. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Sakkāki, Yūsuf ibn Abi Bakar Ya'kub ibn 'Ali. 1987. Miftāhul 'Ulūm. Cet. ke-2. Beirut : Dār al-Kutub al-'Ilmiyyah.

Sudjiman, Panuti dan Aart Van Zoest, et. al. 1992. Serba-serbi Semiotika. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka.

Syāyib, Ahmad. 1964. Ushūl al-Naqd al-Adaby. Cet. ke-7. Kairo: Maktabah al-Nahdah al-Misriyyah.

Verhaar, J.W.M. 2001. Asas-asas Linguistik Umum. Cet. III. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/ajbs.2011.10102

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2012 Ibnu Samsul Huda

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

     

ISSN: 2549-1482 (p); 2549-2047 (e)

Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, Accreditation Number (Ministry of RTHE/DIKTI): 10/E/KPT/2019

Indexed by:

       

Adabiyyāt Office:

Faculty of Adab and Cultural Sciences Building, 3rd Floor
Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta
Jl. Marsda Adisucipto Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia
Telephone Number: +62-274-513949
e-mailadabiyyat@uin-suka.ac.id
http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/adab/Adabiyyat/
 

Creative Commons License

All Publications by Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.