Perceived Organizational Support and Job Embeddedness in Startup Employees

Authors

  • Faridatul Khusna UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
  • Miftahun Ni'mah Suseno UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14421/jpsi.v11i1.2680

Keywords:

Job Embeddedness, Perceived Organizational Support, Startup

Abstract

Job embeddedness has proven to have an effect on the effectiveness and productivity of companies, including startups. Employees who have job embeddedness in their work tend to feel more attached to colleagues, work and the organization and express attachment by maintaining organizational membership in the workplace.This study analyzes the perceived organizational support and job embeddedness. The subjects in this study were 105 employees at a startup company in Yogyakarta. Sampling using random sampling technique. Data were collected job embeddedness scale and perceived organizational support scale. The data analysis method uses correlation techniques and the results, there is a positive relationship between perceived organizational support and job embeddedness in startup employees. One way that companies can use to improve job embeddedness is to provide positive support for employees. The perception of organizational support has an important role in increasing employee job embeddedness.


Keterikatan kerja terbukti berpengaruh pada efektifitas dan produktifitas perusahaan, termasuk startup. Karyawan yang memiliki job embeddedness dalam pekerjaan cenderung merasa lebih melekat pada kolega, pekerjaan dan organisasi dan mengekspresikan keterikatan dengan mempertahankan keanggotaan organisasi di tempat kerja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan persepsi dukungan organisasi dengan keterikatan kerja. Subjek dalam penelitian ini sejumlah 105 karyawan di salah satu perusahaan startup di Yogyakarta. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik random sampling. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan dua alat ukur, yaitu skala keterikatan kerja dan skala persepsi dukungan organisasi. Metode analisis data menggunakan teknik korelasi dan hasil analisis menunjukkan terdapat hubungan positif antara persepsi dukungan dengan job embeddedness pada karyawan startup. Salah satu cara yang dapat digunakan oleh perusahaan untuk meningkatkan job embeddednes adalah memberikan dukungan positif terhadap karyawan. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa persepsi dukungan organisasi memiliki peranan penting dalam meningkatkan Keterikatan kerja pada karyawan.


Author Biographies

  • Faridatul Khusna, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
    Psychology
  • Miftahun Ni'mah Suseno, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
    Psychology

References

Allen, D.G., Shore, L.M., & Griffeth, R. W. (2003). The role of perceived organizational support and supportive human resource practices in turnover process. Journal of Management. 29 (1). 99-118.

Baihaqi, M., Sunuharyo., Widyo. (2018). Pengaruh on the job embeddedness terhadap organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) dan kinerja karyawan: Studi pada tenaga perawat rumah sakit permata bunda kota malang. Jurnal administrasi bisnis (JAB). Vol.60 No.3.

Eisenberger, R., Armeli, S., Rexwinkel, B., Lynch, P. D., & Rhoades, L (2001) Reciprocation of Perceived Organizational Support. Journal of Applied.

Eisenberger, R., & Stinglhamber, F. (2011). Perceived organizational support: Fostering enthusiastic and productive employees. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Farh, J., Hackett, R. D., & Liang, J. (2007). Individual-level cultural values as moderators of perceived organizational support- employee outcome relationships in China: Comparing the effects of power distance and traditionality. Academy of Management Journal. 50 (3), 715-729.

Mai, Y., & Zheng, Y. (2013). How On-the-Job Embeddedness Influences New Venture Creation and Growth. Journal of Small Business Management, 51(4), 508–524. doi:10.1111/jsbm.12000.

Mitchell, T., Holtom, B., Lee, T., Sablynski, C., & Erez, M (2001) Why people stay:Using job embeddedness to predict voluntary turnover. Academy of Management Journal, 44(6), 1102-1121.

Mitchell, T. R., and T. W. Lee (2001). “The Unfolding Model of Voluntary Turnover and Job Embeddedness: Foundations for a Comprehensive Theory of Attachment?,” Research in Organizational Behavior 23(3), 189–246.

Nguyen, V. Q., Taylor, G. S., & Bergiel, E. (2017). Organizational antecedents of job embeddedness. Management Research Review, 40(11), 1216–1235. doi:10.1108/mrr-11-2016-0255.

Rhoades, L., & Eisenberger, R. (2002). Perceived Organizational Support: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Applied Psychological. 87(4), 698-714.

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2015). Perilaku Organisasi, Buku 1, Edisi 12. Jakarta: Penerbit Salemba Empat.

Silvia, F. & Suryani, A. I. (2017). Persepsi dukungan organisasi dan persepsi dukungan atasan terhadap keinginan berpindah dengan job embeddedness sebagai variabel mediasi pada karyawan Bank BRI Banda Aceh. Jurnal ilmiah mahasiswa ekonomi manajemen. Vol.2, no.1 November: 1-12.

Zhao, Erdong & Liu, Liwei. (2010), Comments on Development of Job Embeddedness about Study on Turnover and Exploration into Application in Enterprises. Asian Social Science, 6(6), 63-72.

Downloads

Published

2023-04-27

How to Cite

Perceived Organizational Support and Job Embeddedness in Startup Employees. (2023). Jurnal Psikologi Integratif, 11(1), 109-120. https://doi.org/10.14421/jpsi.v11i1.2680