Studi Meta-analisis: Welas Diri dan Kecemasan

Authors

  • Clarissa Firanda Polii Universitas Surabaya
  • Ananta Yudiarso Universitas Surabaya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14421/jpsi.v11i1.2736

Keywords:

Kecemasan, Meta-analisis, Welas diri

Abstract

Anxiety is defined as a physiological response to the possibility of problems arising in individuals. Anxiety is known to have a relationship with other variables, one of which is self-compassion. Individual self-compassion will be able to influence the level of anxiety. Individuals who have self-compassion will tend to avoid negative emotions that cause anxiety. This meta-analytic study aims to look at the relationship between anxiety and self-compassion in the last five years of research from 2018 to 2023 with a total of 10,489 respondents. The results of the study found that self-compassion had a moderate effect size (-0.55) with heterogeneity (I 2 ) of more than 88.81%, so this study used a random effects size. Therefore, self-compassion is interpreted as having a moderate effect that is negatively correlated with levels of anxiety.

 

Kecemasan didefinisikan sebagai respon secara fisiologis dari kemungkinan munculnya permasalahan pada individu. Kecemasan diketahui memiliki kaitan dengan variabel lain salah satunya welas diri. Welas diri yang dimiliki individu akan mampu mempengaruhi tingkat kecemasan. Individu yang memiliki welas diri akan cenderung terhindar dari emosi negatif yang menyebabkan kecemasan. Studi meta-analisis ini bertujuan untuk melihat hubungan antara kecemasan dan welas diri dalam penelitian lima tahun terakhir dari tahun 2018 hingga 2023 dengan total responden sebanyak 10.489 orang. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa welas diri memiliki medium effect size (-0,55) dengan heterogenitas (I 2 ) lebih dari 88,81%, sehingga penelitian ini menggunakan random effects size. Oleh karena itu, welas diri diartikan memiliki efek sedang yang berkorelasi secara negatif pada tingkat kecemasan.

References

Baker, D. A., Caswell, H. L., & Eccles, F. J. R. (2019). Self-compassion and depression, anxiety, and resilience in adults with epilepsy. Epilepsy and Behavior, 90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.11.025

Bates, G. W., Elphinstone, B., & Whitehead, R. (2021). Self-compassion and emotional regulation as predictors of social anxiety. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 94(3). https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12318

Berryhill, M. B., & Smith, J. (2021). College Student Chaotically-Disengaged Family Functioning, Depression, and Anxiety: The Indirect Effects of Positive Family Communication and Self-Compassion. In Marriage and Family Review(Vol. 57, Issue 1). https://doi.org/10.1080/01494929.2020.1740373

Callow, T. J., Moffitt, R. L., & Neumann, D. L. (2021). External shame and its association with depression and anxiety: the moderating role of self-compassion. Australian Psychologist, 56(1), 70–80.doi:10.1080/00050067.2021.1890984

Casali, N., Ghisi, M., Jansen, P., Feraco, T., & Meneghetti, C. (2022). What Can Affect Competition Anxiety in Athletes? The Role of Self-Compassion and Repetitive Negative Thinking. Psychological Reports, 125(4). https://doi.org/10.1177/00332941211017258

Chi, X., Jiang, W., Guo, T., Hall, D. L., Luberto, C. M., & Zou, L. (2022). Relationship between adverse childhood experiences and anxiety symptoms among Chinese adolescents: The role of self-compassion and social support. Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-02534-5

Geller, S., Handelzalts, J. E., Levy, S., Barron, D., & Swami, V. (2021). Self-compassion mediates the relationship between attachment anxiety and body appreciation in women and men: Evidence from Israel. Personality and Individual Differences, 179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.110912

Hagan, M., Lara, J., & Montanes, M. C. (2021). Childhood adversity, socioemotional functioning and generalized anxiety in young adults from mixed immigration status families. Child Abuse and Neglect, 118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2021.105128

Kaniuka, A. R., Kelliher-Rabon, J., Chang, E. C., Sirois, F. M., & Hirsch, J. K. (2020). Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression and Suicidal Behavior in College Students: Conditional Indirect Effects of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Self-Compassion. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 34(4). https://doi.org/10.1080/87568225.2019.1601048

Kelliher-Rabon, J., Sirois, F. M., Barton, A. L., & Hirsch, J. K. (2022). Self-compassion and suicidal behavior: Indirect effects of depression, anxiety, and hopelessness across increasingly vulnerable samples. Self and Identity, 21(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/15298868.2021.1884592

Liu, X., Yang, Y., Wu, H., Kong, X., & Cui, L. (2022). The roles of fear of negative evaluation and social anxiety in the relationship between self-compassion and loneliness: a serial mediation model. Current Psychology, 41(8). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-020-01001-x

Luo, Y., Meng, R., Li, J., Liu, B., Cao, X., & Ge, W. (2019). Self-compassion may reduce anxiety and depression in nursing students: a pathway through perceived stress. Public Health, 174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2019.05.015

Mahali, C. S., Beshai, S., & Wolfe, W. L. (2021). The associations of dispositional mindfulness, self-compassion, and reappraisal with symptoms of depression and anxiety among a sample of Indigenous students in Canada. Journal of American College Health, 69(8). https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2020.1711764

McBride, N. L., Bates, G. W., Elphinstone, B., & Whitehead, R. (2022). Self-compassion and social anxiety: The mediating effect of emotion regulation strategies and the influence of depressed mood. Psychology and psychotherapy, 95(4), 1036–1055. https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12417

Pérez-Aranda, A., García-Campayo, J., Gude, F., Luciano, J. v., Feliu-Soler, A., González-Quintela, A., López-del-Hoyo, Y., & Montero-Marin, J. (2021). Impact of mindfulness and self-compassion on anxiety and depression: The mediating role of resilience. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 21(2). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2021.100229

Phillips, W. J., & Wisniewski, A. T. (2021). Self-compassion moderates the predictive effects of social media use profiles on depression and anxiety. Computers in Human Behavior Reports, 4. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chbr.2021.100128

Rose, A. L., & Kocovski, N. L. (2021). The Social Self-Compassion Scale (SSCS): Development, Validity, and Associations with Indices of Well-Being, Distress, and Social Anxiety. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 19(6). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00302-3

Shin, J. Y. (2019). “Will I find a job when I graduate?”: Employment anxiety, self-compassion, and life satisfaction among South Korean college students. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 19(2). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10775-018-9378-1

Stefan, C. A., & Cheie, L. (2022). Self-compassion and social anxiety in late adolescence: Contributions of self-reflection and insight. Self and Identity, 21(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/15298868.2020.1861082

Ștefan, C. A. (2019). Self-compassion as mediator between coping and social anxiety in late adolescence: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Adolescence, 76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.08.013

Trindade, I. A., & Sirois, F. M. (2021). The prospective effects of self-compassion on depressive symptoms, anxiety, and stress: A study in inflammatory bowel disease. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2021.110429

Zhu, L., Yao, J., Wang, J., Wu, L., Gao, Y., Xie, J., Liu, A., Ranchor, A. v., & Schroevers, M. J. (2019). The predictive role of self-compassion in cancer patients’ symptoms of depression, anxiety, and fatigue: A longitudinal study. Psycho-Oncology, 28(9). https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.5174

Downloads

Published

2023-04-27

How to Cite

Studi Meta-analisis: Welas Diri dan Kecemasan. (2023). Jurnal Psikologi Integratif, 11(1), 40-52. https://doi.org/10.14421/jpsi.v11i1.2736