Kesalahpahaman Barat tentang Perempuan Muslim: Kritik Lila Abu- Lughod dalam Do Muslim Women Need Saving?

Authors

  • Erry Fitrya Primadhany IAIN Palangka Raya
  • Maimunah

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14421/musawa.2023.222.226-238

Keywords:

Pandangan Barat, Hak Wanita Muslim, Lila Abu Lughod

Abstract

Kalangan Barat menganggap bahwa persoalan keterbatasan hak perempuan Muslim masih sering terjadi.  Persoalan tata cara berpakaian, kejahatan kehormatan dan lainnya dianggap sebagai batasan-batasan bagi seorang Muslim. Anggapan tersebut memicu pesan bahwa “perempuan muslim perlu diselamatkan”. Lila Abu-Lughod melalui karyanya “Do Women Muslim Need Saving” mencoba untuk mengkiritisi anggapan ini. Tulisan ini menggunakan metode kepustakaan. Sumber data berupa buku dan jurnal yang berkaitan dengan feminisme dan buku karya Lila Abu Lughod yang berjudul “Do Women Muslim Need Saving?”. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa perlu pengkajian ulang mengenai asumsi Barat terhadap Islam khususnya   perempuan Muslim. Perempuan Muslim menjalankan aktifitasnya sesuai dengan apa yang diyakini. Segala ketidakadilan yang menimpa perempuan Muslim pada dasarnya merupakan kasus yang berlaku secara global kepada siapa saja tidak hanya perempuan yang beragama Islam. Apabila terdapat ketidakadilan maka hal tersebut bukanlah datang dari Agama Islam melainkan pada tatanan  sosial, budaya,  kebijakan Pemerintah dan lain sebagainya. Karena di dalam Islam, hak-hak seorang Muslim telah dijamin tanpa membedakan baik laki-laki ataupun perempuan. 

[Westerners think that the issue of limited Muslim women's rights still occurs frequently. For example, the issue of dress codes, honor crimes and others. This assumption triggers the message that "Muslim women need to be saved". Lila Abu-Lughod through her work “Do Women Muslim Need Saving” tries to criticize it. This paper uses the library method. The data sources are books and journals related to feminism and a book by Lila Abu Lughod entitled “Do Women Muslims Need Saving?”. The results obtained indicate that there is a need to review Western assumptions about Islam, especially regarding Muslim women. Muslim women carry out their activities in accordance with what is believed. All injustices that befell Muslim women are basically cases that apply globally to anyone, not only women who are Muslim. If there is injustice then it does not come from religion but social conditions, government and so on. Because in Islam, rights are guaranteed regardless of whether men or women.]

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Published

2024-04-20

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