The Incapability to Establish a Household as a Consequence of Child Marriage

Authors

  • Ashabul Fadhli Universitas Putra Indonesia YPTK Padang
  • Ummil Khairiyah Universitas Putra Indonesia “YTPK” Padang
  • Herio Rizki Dewanda Universitas Putra Indonesia “YTPK” Padang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14421/musawa.2023.222.209-225

Keywords:

Child unreadineess, child marriage, adjusment, emotional maturity

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguraikan faktor-faktor yang mendorong terjadinya perkawinan anak di Lintau Buo Utara serta mengetahui bentuk persoalan yang timbul karena perkawinan tersebut. Tidak mudah bagi anak untuk melakukan penyesuaian-penyesuaian yang kompleks sebagaimana yang diadaptasi oleh pasangan dewasa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian lapangan dalam bentuk kualitatif. Adapun jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif-analitis. Data primer diperoleh melalui wawancara terhadap 7 (tujuh) pasangan kawin anak, Kantor Urusan Agama Kecamatan Lintau Buo Utara. Data yang sudah terkumpul kemudian akan dianalisis menggunakan teori Hurlock tentang pernyesuaian sosial dalam perkawinan dengan menggunakan model interaktif Miles dan Huberman. Hasil penelitian ini menemukan bahwa minimnya pengetahuan tentang perkawinan yang berkelindan dengan persoalan sosial lainnya berakibat pada ketidaksiapan anak menjalani relasi perkawinan. Ketidaksiapan anak dalam perkawinan diketahui telah mempengaruhi kondisi sosial anak yang diantaranya adalah sulit melakukan penyesuaian diri dan gangguang emosi. Realitas sosial ini telah menekan psikologi anak karena tidak adanya kematangan emosi anak sebelum menikah. 

[This study aimed to describe the factors that encouraged child marriage in the Lintau Buo Utara Sub-district and find out the problems that arose from the marriage. Unlike adult couples, it is difficult for children to make complex adjustments towards marriage. This research is a field study in the form of qualitative. The type of research used in this study is descriptive analytics. The primary data were obtained through interviews with 7 (seven) child-married couples and from the Religious Affairs Office of Lintau Buo Utara. The collected data were then analyzed using Hurlock’s theory of social adjustment in marriage and Miles and Huberman’s interactive model. The results of this study showed that the lack of knowledge about marriage that was intertwined with other social problems resulted in the unreadiness of children to undergo marital relations. The unreadiness of children in marriage also affected their social conditions, which included facing difficulties in adjusting themselves and having emotional disturbances. This social reality suppressed the psychology of children because there was no emotional maturity before marriage.]

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahmad Asrori, Batas Usia Perkawinan Menurut Fukaha Dan Penerapannya Dalam Undang-Undang Perkawinan Di Dunia Muslim, Al-'Adalah, 2015, 12(2), 807-826

Arifin, Ridwan. Rodiyah andFadhilahRizkyAfrianiPutri. (2020. The Legal and Social Aspect for Underage Marriage Women's Education Rights in the Perspective of Human Rights: Contemporary Issues and Problems, SAWWA: Jurnal Studi Gender 15, no. 2 (2020): 219-240

Arikunto, Suharismi. Dasar-Dasar Research, Bandung: Tarsoto, 1995

Azinar, M., Fibriana, A. I., Nisa, A. A., Rahfiludin, M. Z., Indrianto, G. S., Sholahuddin, I., Tamalla, P. N., &Permatasari, C. (2022). Early Marriage in Women and the Risk of Low Birth Weight. Unnes Journal of Public Health 11, no. 1 (2022): 75-81. https://doi.org/10.15294/ujph.v11i1.51231

Berk, L.E.Child Development. 8thed. New York: Pearson, 2009

Casmini, ‘Pernikahan Dini Perspektif Psikologi dan Agama’, Jurnal Aplikasi llmu-ilmu Agama 3, no. 1 (2002): 45-57.

Dewi, Gemala, dkk. Hukum Perikatan Islam Indonesia. Jakarta: Kencana, 2005

Djamilah, and Reni Kartikawati. (2014). Dampak PerkawinanAnak di Indonesia, Jurnal Studi Pemuda3, no. 1 (2014): 1-16.

Durgut, S. andKısa, S. 'Predictors of marital adjustment among child brides,' Archives of psychiatric nursing 32, no. 5 (2018): 670-676. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2018.03.006

Evenhuis M. , Burn J., Just Married, Just a Child: Child Marriage in the Indo-Pacific Region, Melbourne: Plan International, 2014

Fadhli, Ashabul, and Arifki Budia Warman. ‘Alasan Khawatir Pada Penetapan Hukum Dispensasi Kawin Di Pengadilan Agama Batusangkar’, Jurnal Al Ahwal 14, no. 2 (2021): 146-158

Fadhli, Ashabul, and Ummil Khairiyah, ‘Pemahaman Masyarakat Di Kecamatan Lintau Buo Utara Tentang Hukum Perkawinan Sehubungan Dengan Terjadinya Perkawinan Anak. JurnalHumanisma 2, no. 2 (2018): 84-100.

Fadhli, Ashabul, Menikah Muda di Indonesia; Suara, Hukum dan Praktik. Jakarta: Pustaka Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 2018

Fahadil Amin Al Hasan, ‘Deni Kamaluddin Yusup, Dispensasi Kawin Dalam Sistem Hukum Indonesia: Menjamin Kepentingan Terbaik Anak melalui Putusan Hakim’, Jurnal Al Ahwal 14, no. 1 (2021): 86-98

Fan, Suiqiong and Alissa Koski, 'The health consequences of child marriage: a systematic review of the evidence', BMC Public Health 22, no. 309 (2022): 1-17 DOI:10.1186/s12889-022-12707-x

Grijns M., , Limijaya S., , Restuningrum N.H., et al., ‘Pernikahan Anak Di Sukabumi Jawa Barat: Diri Dan Agensi Anak Perempuan (Child marriage in West Java: The self and agency of girls)’, Journal Perempuan 21, no. 1 (2016): 9–33

Herdiansyah, Haris, Metodologi untuk Ilmu-ilmu Sosial. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika, 2012

Hoko Horii, ‘Legal Reasoning for Legitimation of Child Marriage in West Java: Accommodation of local norms at Islamic Courts and the Paradox of Child Protection’, Journal of Human Rights Practice 12, no. 3 (2020): 501-523

Hoko Horii, ‘Child Marriage as a ‘Solution’ to Modern Youth in Bali’, SAGE Journals 20, no.4 (2020): 282-295

Hurlock, E. B., Psikologi Perkembangan Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan. Jakarta: Erlangga, 2011

Israhayu, I and Dian Mayasari. Identifikasi Tingkat Perkembangan Remaja Siswa SMA di Kota Singkawang Pada Aspek Landasan Hidup Religius, Proceeding JamboreKonselor3, no. 1 (2017): 94.

Lahaling, H., Lasori, S.A., Makkulawuzar, K., Yunus, Y., & Salam, S., ‘Children's Rights In The Context Of Child Marriage In Gorontalo Province’, SASI 28, no. 2 (2022): 234-243

Latifiani, Dian. ‘The Darkest Phase for Family: Child Marriage Prevention and Its Complexity in Indonesia', JILS 4, no. 2 (2019): 241-258. https://doi.org/10.15294/jils.v4i2.3 4708

Lexy. J. Moelong. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif, Bandung: Rosdakarya, 1991

Lumbantoruan, Mestika, dkk. ‘Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan Dengan Pernikahan Usia Dini Pada Remaja Putri di Kecamatan Tanjung Rejo Percut Sei Tuan Tahun 2017’. Reproductive Health 2, no. 2 (2017): 64-77.

Miles, B. Mathew and Michael Huberman. Analisis Data Kualitatif BukuSumber Tentang Metode-metode Baru, Jakarta: UIP, 1992

Moleong, Lexy J. Metodologi Penelitian Kuantitatif, Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya, 2017

Nurul Ilmi Idrus, ‘Problematizing the Minimum Age of Marriage: The State and Local Perspective on Marriage Dispensation in South Sulawesi’, Humaniora 34, no. 2 (2022): 159-171

Papalia, D.E., Olds, S.W., & Feldman, R.D. Human Development. 11th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2009

Qamar, M., Harris, M. A., & Tustin, J. L. ‘The association between child marriage and domestic violence in Afghanistan’, Journal of Interpersonal Violence 37, no. 5-6 (2022): 2948-2961. DOI: 10.1177/0886260520951310.

Rahyu, Putri and Ahmad Muzhaffar, 'Perempuan dan Pernikahan Anak Dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam', Jurnal Musawa 21, no. 1 (2022): 41-51 https://doi.org/10.14421/musawa.2022.211.41-51

Shaud, S., &Asad, S. (2020). Marital Adjustment, Convergent Communication Patterns, And Psychological Distress In Women With Early And Late Marriage. Current Psychology 39, no. 6 (2020): 2326-2333. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-018-9936-1

Rohayana, Ade Dedi. (2020). Gender Discrimination on Child Marriage in Indonesia: A Quantitative Research Using Bootstrap Approach, Jurnal Muwazah 12, no. 2 (2020): 237-254

Santrock, J.W. Life Span Development. 13th ed., Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga, 2011

Shaud, Shawal and Sara Asad, ‘Marital Adjustment, Convergent Communication Patterns, And Psychological Distress In Women With Early And Late Marriage’, Current Psychology 39, no. 6 (2020): 2326-2333. DOI:10.1007/s12144-018-9936-1

Suhariyati, S., Joni Haryanto and Ririn Probowati. ‘Trends of Early Marriage in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review’, Jurnal Ners 14, no. 3 (2020): 277–282. https://doi.org/10.20473/jn.v14i3.17019

Susilo, Singgihdkk, 'Investigation of Early Marriage: A Phenomenology Study in the Society of Bawean Island, Indonesia', Journal of Population and Social Studies 29, no. 1 (2021): 544-562

Sugiyono, Metode Penelitian Pendidikan (Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, Kombinasi, R&D, dan Penelitian Pendidikan. Bandung: Alfabeta, 2019

Suhariyati. (2019). ‘Trends of Early Marriage in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review’, Jurnal Ners 14, no. 3: 277-282

Thahura, F. (2020). ‘Emotional Maturity Of Early Age Marriage’s Woman’. INSPIRA: Indonesian Journal of Psychological Research 1, no. 1 (2020): 19-24. https://doi.org/10.32505/inspira. v1i1.1720

Utami, Fajar Tri. ‘Penyesuaian Diri Remaja Putri yang Menikah Muda’, Psikis Jurnal Psikologi Islami 1, no. 1 (2015): 11-21.

Yin, Robert K. Case Study Research and Applications: Design and Methods 6th edition. Singapore: SAGE Publications, Inc., 2018

Peraturan Mahkamah Agung Nomor 5 Tahun 2019 tentang Pedoman Mengadili Permohonan Dispensasi Kawin.

Downloads

Published

2023-12-30 — Updated on 2024-03-18

Versions

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract Viewed = 10 times | pdf downloaded = 11 times