RESEPSI MASYARAKAT TIMUR INDONESIA TENTANG “SOPI” (REINTERPRETASI TERHADAP EMPAT SERANGKAI AYAT KHAMAR)

Authors

  • Muhammad Sakti Garwan UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14421/lijid.v3i2.2468

Keywords:

Keywords, Eastern Indonesian Community, Reception, Khamar, Sopi

Abstract

In this paper contains and describes how the people of Eastern Indonesia in the reception of verses about khamar, namely in an-Nahl (16): 67, QS. al-Baqarah (2): 219, QS. al-Maidah (5): 90, and QS. an-Nisa (4): 43. In the general view ofscholars khamar or the like, sopi is indeed something that is unlawful. This issue then raises problems in the lives of Eastern Indonesian people, who regard khamar or sopi as a symbol of brotherhood, encouragement of tradition and a turning wheel of the people's economy. This paper is qualitative in nature, combining library research and field research. The data in this paper were collected by observation techniques, and interviews were then analyzed using the analysis of the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl, with religious leaders, and traditional leaders as research subjects. This paper contains the formulation of the problem (1) How is the reception of Eastern Indonesian people about theverse khamar in the Qur’an? (2) What is the perception of the community in distinguishing mudharat and the benefits of drinks khamar? They show of community reception through four verses attention to three aspects, symbolizing brotherhood, tradition and players encouragement economy of the community, in the reception also showed a reinterpretation of the meaning of the verse of the Qur’an, in particular paragraph of the law to drink alcohol or gin, which in the science of usul fiqh can be categorized as a rukhshah, that is, a codification of law that is given shari'ah for the mukallaf who has difficulty in carrying out the taklif that is imposed on him.

Abstract viewed: 272 times | PDF downloaded = 259 times

References

Abd al-Jalil ‘Abduh Syalabi, 1988 M /1408 H, Ma’ani al-Quran wa I’rabuhu liz Zujaj, Juz. 3, T.t.p: ‘Alim al-Kutub, cet. 1, juz. 1.

Ad-Dimasyqi, Al-Imam Abul Fida Isma’il Ibnu Kasir, 2001, Tafsir al-Qur’an al-‘Adhim, ed; Bahrun Abu Bakar, Tafsir Ibn Kasir, Bandung: Sinar Baru Algensindo, cet. 1.

Al Bukhari, 1407, Sahih al-Bukhari, Juz VII. Kairo: Dar al-Syu’ub.

Al-Asfahani, Raghib, Al-Mufradat Fi Gharib Al-Quran, Beirut; Daar Al-Ma’rifah.

Al-Baihaqi, 1408, Dala’il al-Nubuwwah, Juz II. Kairo: Dar al-Kutb al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Al-Bāqi, Muhammad Fuad ‘Abd, 1981 M/ 1410 H, Mu’jam al-Mufahras li Alfāż Alqurān al-Karīm, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.

Al-Dzahabi, t.t, Muhammad Husein, al-Tafsir wa al-Mufassirun, Jilid I. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.

Al-Hafidz, Ahsin W., 2008, Kamus Ilmu Al-Qur’an, Jakarta: Sinar Grafika Offset.

Al-Suyuti, Jalal al Din, 1414, Al-Itqan fi ‘Ulum al Qur’an, Vol. 2, t.tp: Dar alfikr.

Anisyah, Susilo Riwayadi dan Suci Nur, t.t, Kamus Populer Ilmiah Lengkap, Surabaya: Sinar Terang.

Annisa, Fitri, 2012, Harmoni dalam Keragaman; Konstruksi Perdamaian dalam Relasi Islam, Katolik, Sunda Wiwitan di Kali Minggir dan Nagarherang Kabupaten Tasik Malaya, Jurnal Multikultural & Multireligius, Vol. 11, No. 3.

Arikunto, Suharsimi, 1993, Prosedur Penulisan; Suatu Pendekatan Praktik, Yogyakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Ash-Shiddiqieqy, Teuku Muhammad Hasbi, 2000, Tafsir Alqur’anul Majid An-Nur, Semarang: Pustaka Rizki Putra, cet. 2.

Az-Zuhaili, Wahbah, 2005, Usul al-Fiqh al-Islami, Damaskus: Dar al-Fikr.

Bungin, 2006, Analisis Data Penelitian Kualitatif; Pemahaman Filosofis dan Metodologis ke Arah Penguasaan Model Aplikasi. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persayad.

Darraz, Muhammad Abdullah, 1985, Al-Naba’ al-‘Azim; Nazarat Jadidah fi al Qur’an, Juz I. Kairo: Dar al-Tsaqafah.

Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Republik Indonesia, Rancangan Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Tentang Larangan Minuman Beralkohol. Indonesia

Harak, Abū al-Mijad Ahmad, t.t, Fatawa al-Khamr wa al-Mukhaddarat Li Syaikh al-Islam Ahmad Ibn Taimiyah, Beirut: Dar al-Basyir, cet. 1.

http://www.smileambon.com/2015/02/mengenal-sopi-minuman-asal-maluku.html

https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sopi

Iser, Wolfgang, 1978, The Act of Reading; A Theory of Aesthetic Response (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Kementerian Agama RI, 2012, Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahannya, Jakarta: BIMAS ISLAM.

Lette, Arman Rifat, Atik Tri Ratnawati, dan Idei Khurnia Swasti, 2016, Perilaku Minum Sopi Pada Remaja di Kecamatan Maulafa, Kota Kupang, USA: Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health, Vol. 32, No. 7.

Lourens, Viona Milana Deasy, 2016, Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Praktik Mengkonsumsi Sopi (Minuman Alkohol Tradisional) Pada Remaja di Desa Tawiri Kecamatan Teluk Ambon Kota Ambon, Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, Vol. 4, No. 3.

Majelis Ulama Indonesia, 2009, Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia Tentang Khamar, Jakarta: Majelis Ulama Indoenesia Komisi Fatwa, No. 11,

Makhluq, Husain Muhammad, t.t, Kalimat al-Quran Tafsar wa Bayan, Beirut: Dar al-Mustaqbal.

Moleong, Lexy J., 2009, Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif, Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Muslim, 1426

Pradopo, Rachmat Djoko, 2007, Beberapa Teori Sastra; Metode Kritik dan Penerapannya (Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Pusat Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, 2008, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Pusat Bahasa.

Rahman, Yusuf, 2004, Kritik Sastra dan Kajian al-Qur’an, Jakarta: Pustaka al-Husain, 2004

Ratna, Nyoman Kutha, 2009, Teori, Metode, dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Rofiq, Ahmad, 2015, Tradisi Resepsi Al-Qur’an di Indonesia, http://sarbinidamai.blogspot.com.

Setiawan, Hadi Kohar, Muh. Syafar, dan Shanti Riskiyani, 2013, Aspek Persepsi Masyarakat Mengonsumsi Minuman Lokal “Sopi” Di Kabupaten Maluku Tengah Kecamatan Kota Masohi, Kelurahan Namaelo Maluku Tengah Makassar: Universitas Hasanuddin, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat.

Shihab, M. Quraish, 2009, Tafsir Al-Misbah: Pesan, Kesan, dan Keserasian Al-Qur’an, Jakarta: Lentera Hati.

Surakhmad, Winarno, 1990, Pengantar Penelitian Ilmiah; Dasar dan Metode Teknik, Bandung: Tarsio.

Syarjana, Syibli, 2008, Tafsir Ayat-ayat Ahkam, Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Tha’imah, Shabir, 1399, Hadza al Qur’an; Qishshat al-Dzikr al-Hakim Tadwinan wa Tafkiran, Beirut: Dar al-Jil.

Wawancara dengan tokoh agama dan tokoh adat masyarakat Timur

Downloads

Published

2020-12-31

Issue

Section

Articles