Islamic Economics Seen from the Philosophy of Science and Integration-Interconnection Paradigm




Islamic Economics, Philosophy of Science, Integration-Interconnection Paradigm


The dispute over the building of Islamic economics has not yet reached an agreement. Therefore, this article aims to analyze Islamic economics as science based on the philosophy of science and the integration-interconnection paradigm. This paper concludes that Islamic economics has not been methodologically clear enough, and how the concept of methodology works is obscure because there is no clear pattern. However, Muslim economists have almost agreed that Islamic economics is an independent discipline. Therefore, the approach of integration and interconnection is feasible to apply in developing Islamic economics as the established discipline.

Author Biography

Lailatis Syarifah, Lecturer at Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

Ekonomi Syariah

Abstract viewed: 47 times | PDF downloaded = 48 times


Abdullah, M. A. (2012). Islamic studies di perguruan tinggi pendekatan integratif-interkonektif. Pustaka Pelajar.

Laldin, M. A., & Furqani, H. (2013). Developing Islamic finance in the framework of maqasid al-Shari’ah: Understanding the ends (maqasid) and the means (wasa’il). International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, 6(4), 278–289.

Al-Jarhi, M. A. (2017). An economic theory of Islamic finance. ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance, 9(2), 117–132.

Al-Mustairi, M. (2014). Jadal at-ta`shil wa al-mu`ashiroh fi al-fikr al-Islami (1st ed.). Mansyurat Karim as-Syafi`i.

Al-Sadr, M. B. (1983). Iqtishaduna: Our economics. World Organization for Islamic Services.

Anwar, M. (1990). Islamic economic methodology. Journal of Objectives Studies, 2, 28–46.

Arif, M. (1987). The Islamization of knowledge and some methodological issues in paradigm building. American Journal of Islam and Society, 4(1), 51–71.

Chapra, M. U. (1996). What is Islamic economics? In what is wrong with Islamic economics? IRTI-IDB.

Choudhury, M. A. (1999). Islamic economics and political economy. Humanomics, 25(5), 1–5.

Furqani, H. (2018). Defining Islamic economics: Scholars’ approach, clarifying the nature, scope and subject-matter of the discipline. Turkish Journal of Islamic Economics, 5(2), 69–93.

Furqani, H. (2019). What is Islamic economics? The view of Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr. Jurnal Ekonomi & Keuangan Islam, 5(2), 63–71.

Furqani, H., & Haneef, A. M. (2012). Theory appraisal in Islamic economic methodology: Purposes and criteria. Humanomics, 28(4), 270–284.

Hakim, L. (2018). Rekonsiliasi tradisi muslim dan sains modern.

Haneef, M. A., & Furqani, H. (2011). Methodology of Islamic economics: Overview of present state and future direction. International Journal of Economics, Management & Accounting, 19(1), 1–26.

Kahf, M. (2003). Islamic economics: Notes on definition and methodology. Review of Islamic Economics, 13, 23–47.

Khan, F. M. (2005). Methodology of Islamic economics. CERT Publishing.

Knott, K. (2005). The Routledge companion to the study of religion: Insider/outsider perspectives (John R. Hinnels (ed.)). Routledge.

Kuran, T. (1986). The economic system in contemporary Islamic thought: Interpretation and assessment. International Journal of Middle East Studies, 18(2). 135-164.

Machlup, F. (1978). Methodology of economics and other social sciences. Academic Press.

Mannan, M. A. (1983). Islamic economics as a social science: Some methodological issues - Scope and objectives. Journal of King Abdulaziz University: Islamic Economics, 1(1), 41.

Haneef, M., A. (1997). Islam, the Islamic worldview, and Islamic economics. IIUM Journal of Economics & Management, 5, 39–65).

Munitz, M. K. (2005). Contemporary analytics philosophy.

Naqvi, S. N. H. (1981). Ethics and economics: An Islamic synthesis. The Islamic foundation.

Nasr, S. V. R. (1987). Towards a philosophy of Islamic economics. The Muslim World, 77(3–4), 175–196.

Qoyum, A. (2018). Abdulkarim Soroush dan contraction and expansion theory.

Sardar, Z. (1988). Islamic futures: The shape of ideas to come. Pelanduk Publication.

Siddiqi, M. N. (1982). Some aspects of the Islamic economy. Islamic Publications ltd.

Zarqa, A. (2005). Islamic economics: an approach to human welfare. CERT Publishing.