Peran Mediasi Network Heterogeneity pada Hubungan Online Subjective Well-Being dan Social Media Fatigue pada Pengguna Media Sosial


  • Adhyatman Prabowo universitas muhammadiyah malang



Online Subjective Well-Being, Network Heterogeneity, Self-disclosure, Social Comparison, Social Media Fatigue


The use of social media has many implications for individuals. One of the impacts that arises is users’ Online Subjective Well-Being (OSWB). This study aims to explore the relationship between OSWB and Social Media Fatigue (SMF) mediated by network heterogeneity; privacy concern, social comparison and selfdisclosure. This correlational research design used early adult respondents of a range of ages 20 - 30 years (N = 337) which was taken using non-probability quota sampling. Data was analyzed using SPSS Process (Model 4) by Hayes. The results showed that OSWB was able to predict SMF directly. The factors which succeed in mediating OSWB and SMF were self-disclosure, while privacy concerns and social comparison were unable to act as mediator. However, all three mediating variables have a positive correlation with SMF. Individuals with high OSWB are predicted to have lower SMF. In addition, the role of self-disclosure greatly determines the occurrence of SMF.


Penggunaan media sosial membawa banyak implikasi bagi individu. Salah satu dampak yang muncul adalah Online Subjective Well-Being (OSWB) pengguna. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi hubungan antara OSWB dan Social Media Fatigue (SMF) yang dimediasi oleh network heterogeneity; privacy concren, social comparison dan self-disclosure. Penelitian koreasional ini melibatkan responden dewasa awal dengan rentang usia 20 - 30 tahun (N = 337) dengan pengambilan sampling menggunakan non probability quota sampling. Analisis data melalui SPSS Process (Model 4) oleh Hayes. Hasil penelitian menujukkan OSWB mampu memprediksi SMF secara langsung. Adapun faktor yang berhasil menjadi mediasi adalah self-disclosure sedangkan privacy concerns dan social comparison tidak mampu menjadi mediator. Namun demikian, ketiga variabel mediasi berkorelasi positif dengan SMF. Individu dengan OSWB yang tinggi diprediksi memiliki SMF yang lebih rendah. Selain itu, peran self-disclosure dalam diri sangat menentukan proses terjadinya SMF.


Alashoor, T., Han, S., & Joseph, R. (2017). Familiarity with Big Data, Privacy Concerns, and Self-disclosure Accuracy in Social Networking Websites: An APCO Model. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 41(1).

Azwar, S. (2018). Metode Penelitian Psikologi. Pustaka Pelajar.

Bano, S., Cisheng, W., Khan, A. N., & Khan, N. A. (2019). WhatsApp use and student’s psychological well-being: Role of social capital and social integration. Children and Youth Services Review, 103, 200–208.

Bright, L. F., Kleiser, S. B., & Grau, S. L. (2015). Too much Facebook? An exploratory examination of social media fatigue. Computers in Human Behavior, 44, 148–155.

Cao, X., Khan, A. N., Zaigham, G. H. K., & Khan, N. A. (2019). The Stimulators of Social Media Fatigue Among Students: Role of Moral Disengagement. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 57(5), 1083–1107.

Chai, H.-Y., Niu, G.-F., Lian, S.-L., Chu, X.-W., Liu, S., & Sun, X.-J. (2019). Why social network site use fails to promote well-being? The roles of social overload and fear of missing out. Computers in Human Behavior, 100, 85–92.

Chang, C.-M., & Hsu, M.-H. (2016). Understanding the determinants of users’ subjective well-being in social networking sites: An integration of social capital theory and social presence theory. Behaviour & Information Technology, 35(9), 720–729.

Cheung, C., Lee, Z. W. Y., & Chan, T. K. H. (2015). Self-disclosure in social networking sites: The role of perceived cost, perceived benefits and social influence. Internet Research, 25(2), 279–299.

Chiu, C.-M., Cheng, H.-L., Huang, H.-Y., & Chen, C.-F. (2013). Exploring individuals’ subjective well-being and loyalty towards social network sites from the perspective of network externalities: The Facebook case. International Journal of Information Management, 33(3), 539–552.

Cho, H., Li, P., & Goh, Z. H. (2020). Privacy Risks, Emotions, and Social Media: A Coping Model of Online Privacy. ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, 27(6), 40:1-40:28.

Choi, H., Park, J., & Jung, Y. (2018). The role of privacy fatigue in online privacy behavior. Computers in Human Behavior, 81, 42–51.

Choi, T. R., & Sung, Y. (2018). Instagram versus Snapchat: Self-expression and privacy concern on social media. Telematics and Informatics, 35(8), 2289–2298.

Cramer, E. M., Song, H., & Drent, A. M. (2016). Social comparison on Facebook: Motivation, affective consequences, self-esteem, and Facebook fatigue. Computers in Human Behavior, 64, 739–746.

Dhir, A., Kaur, P., Chen, S., & Pallesen, S. (2019). Antecedents and consequences of social media fatigue. International Journal of Information Management, 48, 193–202.

Dhir, A., Talwar, S., Kaur, P., Budhiraja, S., & Islam, N. (2021). The dark side of social media: Stalking, online self-disclosure and problematic sleep. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 45(6), 1373–1391.

Dhir, A., Yossatorn, Y., Kaur, P., & Chen, S. (2018). Online social media fatigue and psychological wellbeing—A study of compulsive use, fear of missing out, fatigue, anxiety and depression. International Journal of Information Management, 40, 141–152.

Diener, E., Oishi, S., & Lucas, R. E. (2015). National accounts of subjective well-being. American Psychologist, 70(3), 234–242.

Fan, X., Deng, N., Dong, X., Lin, Y., & Wang, J. (2019). Do others’ self-presentation on social media influence individual’s subjective well-being? A moderated mediation model. Telematics and Informatics, 41, 86–102.

Fan, X., Jiang, X., Deng, N., Dong, X., & Lin, Y. (2020). Does role conflict influence discontinuous usage intentions? Privacy concerns, social media fatigue and self-esteem. Information Technology & People, 34(3), 1152–1174.

Festinger, L. (1954). A Theory of Social Comparison Processes. Human Relations, 7(2), 117–140.

Gerson, J., Plagnol, A. C., & Corr, P. J. (2016). Subjective well-being and social media use: Do personality traits moderate the impact of social comparison on Facebook? Computers in Human Behavior, 63, 813–822.

Huang, H.-Y. (2016). Examining the beneficial effects of individual’s self-disclosure on the social network site. Computers in Human Behavior, 57, 122–132.

James, C., Davis, K., Charmaraman, L., Konrath, S., Slovak, P., Weinstein, E., & Yarosh, L. (2017). Digital Life and Youth Well-being, Social Connectedness, Empathy, and Narcissism. Pediatrics, 140(Suppl 2), S71–S75.

Jang, K., Park, N., & Song, H. (2016). Social comparison on Facebook: Its antecedents and psychological outcomes. Computers in Human Behavior, 62, 147–154.

Jeong, M., Zo, H., Lee, C. H., & Ceran, Y. (2019). Feeling displeasure from online social media postings: A study using cognitive dissonance theory. Computers in Human Behavior, 97, 231–240.

Kaur, P., Dhir, A., Alkhalifa, A. K., & Tandon, A. (2021). Social media platforms and sleep problems: A systematic literature review, synthesis and framework for future research. Internet Research, 31(4), 1121–1152.

Kaur, P., Dhir, A., Tandon, A., Alzeiby, E. A., & Abohassan, A. A. (2021). A systematic literature review on cyberstalking. An analysis of past achievements and future promises. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 163, 120426.

Keles, B., McCrae, N., & Grealish, A. (2020). A systematic review: The influence of social media on depression, anxiety and psychological distress in adolescents. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 25(1), 79–93.

Kim, B., & Kim, Y. (2017). College students’ social media use and communication network heterogeneity: Implications for social capital and subjective well-being. Computers in Human Behavior, 73, 620–628.

Kim, J. Y., Chung, N., & Ahn, K. M. (2014). Why people use social networking services in Korea: The mediating role of self-disclosure on subjective well-being. Information Development, 30(3), 276–287.

Koltay, T. (2017). The bright side of information: Ways of mitigating information overload. Journal of Documentation, 73(4), 767–775.

Krämer, N. C., & Schäwel, J. (2020). Mastering the challenge of balancing self-disclosure and privacy in social media. Current Opinion in Psychology, 31, 67–71.

Krasnova, H., Kolesnikova, E., & Guenther, O. (2009). “It Won’t Happen To Me!”: Self-Disclosure in Online Social Networks. AMCIS 2009 Proceedings. Diambil dari

Lang, A. (2000). The Limited Capacity Model of Mediated Message Processing. Journal of Communication, 50(1), 46–70.

Latif, K., Weng, Q., Pitafi, A. H., Ali, A., Siddiqui, A. W., Malik, M. Y., & Latif, Z. (2021). Social comparison as a double-edged sword on social media: The role of envy type and online social identity. Telematics and Informatics, 56, 101470.

Lee, E., Lee, K.-Y., Sung, Y., & Song, Y.-A. (2019). #DeleteFacebook: Antecedents of Facebook Fatigue. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 22(6), 417–422.

Li, H., Luo, X. (Robert), Zhang, J., & Xu, H. (2017). Resolving the privacy paradox: Toward a cognitive appraisal and emotion approach to online privacy behaviors. Information & Management, 54(8), 1012–1022.

Luo, M., & Hancock, J. T. (2020). Self-disclosure and social media: Motivations, mechanisms and psychological well-being. Current Opinion in Psychology, 31, 110–115.

Maier, C., Laumer, S., Eckhardt, A., & Weitzel, T. (2015). Giving too much social support: Social overload on social networking sites. European Journal of Information Systems, 24(5), 447–464.

Malik, A., Dhir, A., Kaur, P., & Johri, A. (2020). Correlates of social media fatigue and academic performance decrement: A large cross-sectional study. Information Technology & People, 34(2), 557–580.

Mei, S., Yau, Y. H. C., Chai, J., Guo, J., & Potenza, M. N. (2016). Problematic Internet use, well-being, self-esteem and self-control: Data from a high-school survey in China. Addictive Behaviors, 61, 74–79.

Munzel, A., Meyer-Waarden, L., & Galan, J.-P. (2018). The social side of sustainability: Well-being as a driver and an outcome of social relationships and interactions on social networking sites. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 130, 14–27.

Nabity-Grover, T., Cheung, C. M. K., & Thatcher, J. B. (2020). Inside out and outside in: How the COVID-19 pandemic affects self-disclosure on social media. International Journal of Information Management, 55, 102188.

Oberst, U., Wegmann, E., Stodt, B., Brand, M., & Chamarro, A. (2017). Negative consequences from heavy social networking in adolescents: The mediating role of fear of missing out. Journal of Adolescence, 55, 51–60.

Park, S. Y., & Baek, Y. M. (2018). Two faces of social comparison on Facebook: The interplay between social comparison orientation, emotions, and psychological well-being. Computers in Human Behavior, 79, 83–93.

Piwek, L., & Joinson, A. (2016). “What do they snapchat about?” Patterns of use in time-limited instant messaging service. Computers in Human Behavior, 54, 358–367.

Rains, S. A., Brunner, S. R., & Oman, K. (2016). Self-disclosure and new communication technologies: The implications of receiving superficial self-disclosures from friends. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 33(1), 42–61.

Reer, F., Tang, W. Y., & Quandt, T. (2019). Psychosocial well-being and social media engagement: The mediating roles of social comparison orientation and fear of missing out. New Media & Society, 21(7), 1486–1505.

Reinecke, L., & Hofmann, W. (2016). Slacking off or winding down? An experience sampling study on the drivers and consequences of media use for recovery versus procrastination. Human Communication Research, 42(3), 441–461.

Richey, M., Gonibeed, A., & Ravishankar, M. N. (2018). The Perils and Promises of Self-Disclosure on Social Media. Information Systems Frontiers, 20(3), 425–437.

Roberts, J. A., & David, M. E. (2020). The Social Media Party: Fear of Missing Out (FoMO), Social Media Intensity, Connection, and Well-Being. International Journal of Human–Computer Interaction, 36(4), 386–392.

Rozgonjuk, D., Ryan, T., Kuljus, J.-K., Täht, K., & Scott, G. G. (2019). Social comparison orientation mediates the relationship between neuroticism and passive Facebook use. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 13(1).

Satici, S. A., & Uysal, R. (2015). Well-being and problematic Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior, 49, 185–190.

Seckler, M., Heinz, S., Forde, S., Tuch, A. N., & Opwis, K. (2015). Trust and distrust on the web: User experiences and website characteristics. Computers in Human Behavior, 45, 39–50.

Swain, R. K., & Pati, A. K. (2019). Use of social networking sites (SNSs) and its repercussions on sleep quality, psychosocial behavior, academic performance and circadian rhythm of humans – a brief review. Biological Rhythm Research, 52(8), 1139–1178.

Talwar, S., Dhir, A., Kaur, P., Zafar, N., & Alrasheedy, M. (2019). Why do people share fake news? Associations between the dark side of social media use and fake news sharing behavior. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 51, 72–82.

Tandon, A., Dhir, A., Almugren, I., AlNemer, G. N., & Mäntymäki, M. (2021). Fear of missing out (FoMO) among social media users: A systematic literature review, synthesis and framework for future research. Internet Research, 31(3), 782–821.

Tandon, A., Dhir, A., & Mäntymäki, M. (2021). Jealousy due to social media? A systematic literature review and framework of social media-induced jealousy. Internet Research, 31(5), 1541–1582.

Tandon, A., Kaur, P., Dhir, A., & Mäntymäki, M. (2020). Sleepless due to social media? Investigating problematic sleep due to social media and social media sleep hygiene. Computers in Human Behavior, 113, 106487.

Throuvala, M. A., Griffiths, M. D., Rennoldson, M., & Kuss, D. J. (2019). Motivational processes and dysfunctional mechanisms of social media use among adolescents: A qualitative focus group study. Computers in Human Behavior, 93, 164–175.

Tsay-Vogel, M., Shanahan, J., & Signorielli, N. (2018). Social media cultivating perceptions of privacy: A 5-year analysis of privacy attitudes and self-disclosure behaviors among Facebook users. New Media & Society, 20(1), 141–161.

Varnali, K., & Toker, A. (2015). Self-disclosure on social networking sites. Social Behavior and Personality, 43(1), 1–14.

Verduyn, P., Gugushvili, N., Massar, K., Täht, K., & Kross, E. (2020). Social comparison on social networking sites. Current Opinion in Psychology, 36, 32–37.

Verduyn, P., Ybarra, O., Résibois, M., Jonides, J., & Kross, E. (2017). Do Social Network Sites Enhance or Undermine Subjective Well-Being? A Critical Review. Social Issues and Policy Review, 11(1), 274–302.

Vergeer, M., & Pelzer, B. (2009). Consequences of media and Internet use for offline and online network capital and well-being. A causal model approach. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 15(1), 189–210.

Vogel, E. A., Rose, J. P., Okdie, B. M., Eckles, K., & Franz, B. (2015). Who compares and despairs? The effect of social comparison orientation on social media use and its outcomes. Personality and Individual Differences, 86, 249–256.

Webster, D., Dunne, L., & Hunter, R. (2021). Association Between Social Networks and Subjective Well-Being in Adolescents: A Systematic Review. Youth & Society, 53(2), 175–210.

Whelan, E., Najmul Islam, A. K. M., & Brooks, S. (2020). Is boredom proneness related to social media overload and fatigue? A stress–strain–outcome approach. Internet Research, 30(3), 869–887.

Yao, J., & Cao, X. (2017). The balancing mechanism of social networking overuse and rational usage. Computers in Human Behavior, 75, 415–422.

Ye, S., & Ho, K. K. W. (2019). Would you feel happier if you have more protection behaviour? A panel survey of university students in Japan. Behaviour & Information Technology, 38(4), 422–434.

Zhu, Y., & Bao, Z. (2018). The role of negative network externalities in SNS fatigue: An empirical study based on impression management concern, privacy concern, and social overload. Data Technologies and Applications, 52(3), 313–328.


Additional Files



How to Cite

Peran Mediasi Network Heterogeneity pada Hubungan Online Subjective Well-Being dan Social Media Fatigue pada Pengguna Media Sosial. (2023). Jurnal Psikologi Integratif, 11(1), 67-86.