DI ANTARA DUA ARUS: STUDI FENOMENOLOGI NARASI PASCA ISLAMISME ANAK MUDA MUSLIM DI YOGYAKARTA

Arif Budi Darmawan, Ayu Dwi Susanti, Azinuddin Ikram Hakim, Fadhil Naufal

Abstract


The end of the New Order era is an opportunity to develop a new structure in Indonesia. The beginning of the reformation era was marked by the emergence of the Islamist movements or the rising religious spirit era. In this article, the term Islamism is not defined as a discourse within politics of religion, but it refers to narrative spiritual expression in the public space. In a more specific way, this article would like to describe how young Muslims criticize Islamism in their daily lives. This research found that Islamism that occurs in family milieu and in the circle of a friendship has created anxiety mong them. This anxiety appears in the form of disagreement on monolithic definition of Islamism, the criticism of the new pattern of piety in the public space, and the counter narrative to the Islamism phenomenon.

Pasca runtuhnya rezim Orde Baru seolah menjadi ‘keran’ bagi terbukanya sistem dan struktur sosial di masyarakat, salah satunya ditandai dengan menguatnya Islamisme atau kebangkitan semangat beragama. Islamisme yang akan diulas di penelitian ini bukan merujuk pada diskursus relasi politik agama, namun lebih kepada eksistensi dari ekspresi keagamaan yang muncul dalam bentuk meningkatnya penggunaan atribut Islam di ruang publik. Penelitian ini secara khusus berupaya memberikan gambaran bagaimana pemuda Muslim mengkritisi fenomena Islamisme dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya Islamisme yang terjadi di ruang lingkup keluarga dan pertemanan melahirkan berbagai keresahan bagi anak muda. Keresahan itu terwujud melalui ketidaksetujuan tentang pemaknaan baru dalam Islam yang dinilai homogen, kritik atas pola kesalehan di ruang publik, dan munculnya konter narasi berupa perlawanan atas fenomena Islamisme.


Keywords


Youth, Islamism, Social piety, and Post Islamism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Addini, Agnia. “Fenomena Gerakan Hijrah Di Kalangan Pemuda Muslim Sebagai Mode Sosial.” Journal of Islamic Civilization 1, no. 2 (2019): 109–118.

Bayat, Asef. “Post Islamism at Large.” In Post Islamism: The Changing Faces of Political Islam, 3–34. Oxford: Ox, 2013.

Burhani, Ahmad Najib. “Defining Indonesian Islam An Examination of the Construction of the National Islamic Identity of Traditionalist and Modernist Muslims.” In Islam In Indonesia: Contrasting Images and Interpretation, 25–48. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2013.

Firmanda, Taufiq, and Lalu Wahyu Putra Utama. “Media Sosial Dan Gerakan Sosio-Politik Umat Islam Di Indonesia.” FIKRAH (2018).

Gaffar, Afan. “Islam Dan Politik Era Orde Baru.” Unisia 13, no. 17 (1993): 69–79.

Harmakaputra, Hans Abdiel. “Islamism and Post-Islamism: ‘Non-Muslim’ in Socio-Political Discourses of Pakistan, the United States, and Indonesia.” Al-Jami’ah 53 (1) (2015): 179–204.

Hasan, Noorhaidi. “The Making of Public Islam: Piety, Agency, and Commodification on the Landscape of the Indonesian Public Sphere.” Contemporary Islam 3, no. 3 (2009): 229–250.

Hefner, Robert W. “Islam in Indonesia, Post-Suharto: The Struggle for the Sunni Center.” Indonesia 86, no. October 2008 (2008): 139–160. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40376463.

Heryanto, Ariel. Identitas Dan Kenikmatan: Politik Budaya Layar Indonesia. Kpg, 2015.

Husein, Fatimah, and Martin Slama. “Online Piety and Its Discontent: Revisiting Islamic Anxieties on Indonesian Social Media.” Indonesia and the Malay World 46, no. 134 (2018): 80–93.

Jati, Wasisto Raharjo. “Islam Populer Sebagai Pencarian Identitas Muslim Kelas Menengah Indonesia.” Teosofi: Jurna Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 5, no. 1 (2015): 139–163.

Kailani, Najib, and Widhana Dieqy Hasbi. “Tren Hijrah Anak Muda: Menjadi Muslim Saja Tidak Cukup.” Tirto.Id.

Kamim, Anggalih Bayu Muh. “Sikap Media Daring Dalam Kontestasi Pilkada DKI 2017 (Analisis Terhadap Sikap Media Daring Dalam Isu Dugaan Penghinaan Kitab Suci Al-Quran Oleh Cagub Ahok Dalam Rentang Pemberitaan 5 Oktober S.D. 20 Oktober 2016.” Jurnal Komunikasi 11 (2) (2017): 189–200.

Makin, Al, Frial Ramadhan Supratman, Maizer Said Nahdi, and Eka Sulistiyowati. “Homogenizing Indonesian Islam: Persecution of the Shia Group in Yogyakarta.” Studia Islamika 24, no. 1 (2017).

Normala, Adinda. “Negative Social Media Content Breeds Intolerance Among Indonesian Youth: Survey.” Jakarta Globe. Last modified 2017. Accessed November 8, 2020. https://jakartaglobe.id/news/negative-social-media-content-breeds-intolerance-among-indonesian-youth-survey/.

Permata, Ahmad Norma, and Najib Kailani. “Muslimising Indonesian Youths: The Tarbiyah Moral and Cultural Movement in Contemporary Indonesia.” Islam and the 2009 Indonesian Elections, Political and Cultural Issues (2018): 71–96.

Prayogi, Arditya. “Masuk Dan Berkembangnya Gerakan Tarbiyah, Studi Kasus: Gerakan Dakwah Kampus Di Institut Teknologi Bandung (Itb) 1983-1998.” SINDANG: Jurnal Pendidikan Sejarah dan Kajian Sejarah 1, no. 1 (2019): 45–57.

Rohimi, Primi. “Dekonstruksi Media Sosial Sebagai Media Penyiaran Islam.” Jurnal Dakwah 19 (1) (2018): 73–88.

Rozaki, Abdur, Bayu Mitra A. Kusuma, and Abd. Aziz Faiz. “Political Economy of the Muslim Middle Class in Southeast Asia: Religious Expressions Trajectories in Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand.” IKAT: The Indonesian Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 3, no. 1 (2019): 95.

Schäfer, Saskia. “Ahmadis or Indonesians? The Polarization of Post-Reform Public Debates on Islam and Orthodoxy.” Critical Asian Studies 50, no. 1 (2018): 16–36.

Slama, Martin. “Practising Islam through Social Media in Indonesia.” Indonesia and the Malay World 46, no. 134 (2018): 1–4.

Smith, Nancy J. “Varieties of Muslim Youth.” In Islamizing Intimacies: Youth, Sexuality, and Gender in Contemporary Indonesia, 40–70. Honolulu: University of Hawai Press, 2019.

Syam, Taufiq, Kamaluddin Tajibu, Usman Jasad, and Nurhidayat M. Said. “Bentuk Dakwah Di Twitter Menjelang Pilkada Dki Jakarta Tahun 2017.” Jurnal Diskursus Islam 7 (1) (2019): 148–186.

Willam, Witoelar. “The Silent Majority and the Dangerous Minority.” The Jakarta Post.

Yuniar, Resty Woro. “How Social Media Inspired Indonesia’s Born-Again ‘Hijrah’ Muslim Millennials.” This Week in Asia. Last modified April 6, 2019. Accessed November 8, 2020. https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/politics/article/3004911/how-social-media-inspired-indonesias-born-again-hijrah-muslim.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/jsr.v15i2.2048

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


                                                             Published By:

                                    Sociology Lab., Prodi Sosiologi, UIN Sunan Kalijaga

                                               

                                                         In Association with: