Malware is a harmful programme, which infects computer systems, deletes data files and steals valuable information. Malware can attack personal and organization computer systems. In this paper, the most recent and dangerous types of malware, including CovidLock Ransomware, have been analysed and the most suitable countermeasures of malware have been provided. The purpose of this paper is to suggest manually removing malware through a range of tools. It investigates whether the University of Halabja employees are protected against malware or not and it hypothesizes that the university of Halabja employees are not protected in a great level against malware attacks. A questionnaire has been conducted and analysed. The results of the questionnaire confirmed that the university of Halabja employees are not crucially protected. Therefore, it works to propose a sufficient way to make the whole organization protected. This research can be extended to include public and private universities across Kurdistan region in order to identify the most secure university in this region against malware attacks.
Bitdefender Resource Center, “Real-time Virus Reporting,” 2019. .
M. L. teams McAfee® Advanced Threat Research, “McAfee Labs Threats Reports – Threat Research | McAfee,” 2019. .
E. Filiol, “Viruses and Malware,” in Handbook of Information and Communication Security, 2010.
Microsoft Windows Security, “Understanding malware & other threats - Windows security | Microsoft Docs,” 2019. .
M. Borrelli, Malware and Computer Security Incidents: Handling Guides - Nova Science Publishers. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2013.
A. Bettany and M. Halsey, Windows Virus and Malware Troubleshooting. Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2017.
Avast, “What is Malware & How Does it Work? | Malware Definition | Avast,” 2019. .
J. R. Vacca, Computer and Information Security Handbook. Elsevier Science, 2017.
W. Stallings, Cryptography and Network Security: Principles and Practice, Global Edition. Pearson Education Limited, 2016.
E. Cole, Network Security Bible. Wiley, 2011.
P. Stavroulakis and M. Stamp, Handbook of Information and Communication Security. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2010.
D. Salomon, Elements of Computer Security. Springer London, 2010.
J. M. Kizza, Guide to Computer Network Security. Springer London, 2013.
J. Aycock, Computer Viruses and Malware, vol. 22. Springer US, 2006.
E. Geier and J. Geier, Simple Computer Security: Disinfect Your PC. Wiley, 2007.
Norton, “What is ransomware and how to help prevent ransomware attacks,” 2019. .
Kaspersky, “Ransomware examples: Types of ransomware attack | Kaspersky,” 2019. .
Android-Authority, “New Android ransomware poses as coronavirus tracking app,” 2020. .
Digit-NewsDesk, “NEW COVIDLOCK RANSOMWARE POSES AS CORONAVIRUS TRACKING APP TO INFECT ANDROID SMARTPHONES: REPORT,” 2020. .
Cybersecurity-Asset-Management, “Coronavirus tracking app locks up Android phones for ransom,” 2020. .
Cybersecurity-Asset-Management, “Password found to rescue victims of malicious COVID-19 tracker app,” 2020. .
S. Collin, Dictionary of Computing: Over 10,000 terms clearly defined. Bloomsbury Publishing, 2009.
Norton, “What is a Trojan? Is it virus or malware? How it works.,” 2019. .
W. A. Conklin, G. White, C. Cothren, R. L. Davis, and D. Williams, Principles of Computer Security, Fourth Edition. McGraw-Hill Education, 2016.
Comodo, “What is a Firewall? | Explaining How a Firewall Works,” 2019. .
R. K. Eds and B. Steffen, Principles of Security. 2018.
J. M. Kizza, Guide to Computer Network Security, vol. 39, no. 1. 2015.
E. Cole et al., Wiley Pathways Network Security Fundamentals. Wiley, 2007.
Cisco, “What Is a Firewall? - Cisco,” 2019. .
W. Stallings and L. Brown, Computer Security: Principles and Practice, Global Edition. Pearson, 2017.
AVG, “Compare All AVG Products | Find the Perfect Software,” 2019. .
Kaspersky, “Kaspersky Anti-Virus vs. Kaspersky Internet Security: what’s the difference?,” 2019.
IJID (International Journal on Informatics for Development) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License