Feature Selection Method to Improve the Accuracy of Diabetes Mellitus Detection Instrument



How to Cite

Wulandari, S. A., Madnasri, S., Pramitasari, R., & Susilo, S. (2020). Feature Selection Method to Improve the Accuracy of Diabetes Mellitus Detection Instrument. IJID (International Journal on Informatics for Development), 9(2), 72–79. https://doi.org/10.14421/ijid.2020.09203


The need for aroma recognition devices or often known as enose (electronic nose), is increasing. In the health field, enose can detect early diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2 from the aroma of urine. Enose is an aroma recognition tool that uses a pattern recognition algorithm to recognize the urine aroma of diabetics based on input signals from an array of gas sensors. The need for portable enose devices is increasing due to the increasing need for real-time needs. Enose devices have an enormous impact on the choice of the gas sensor Array in the enose. This article discusses the effect of the number of sensor arrays used on the recognition results. Enose uses a maximum of 4 sensors, with a maximum feature matrix. After that, the feature matrix enters the PCA (Principal Component Analysis) feature extraction and clustering using the FCM (Fuzzy C Means) method. The number of sensors indicates the number of features. Enose using method for feature selection, it’s a variation from 4 sensors, where experiment 1 uses 4 sensors, experiment 2 uses a variation of 3 sensors and experiment 3 uses a variation of 2 sensors. Especially for sensors 3 and 4 using feature extraction method, PCA (Principal Component Analysis), to reduce features to only 2 best features. As for the variation of 2 sensors use primer feature matrix. After feature selection, the number of features is 2 out of 11 variations. Next, do the grouping using the FCM (Fuzzy C Means) method. The results show that using two sensors has a high accuracy rate of 92.5%.


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