HUKUM KELUARGA ISLAM DALAM MASYARAKAT MUSLIM DIASPORA DI BARAT (Perspektif Hukum Perdata Internasional)

Sri Wahyuni

Abstract


This article discusses about application of the Islamic Family Law for the migrant muslims who live in the western countries, such as America, England, Germany and France. This discussion is analyzed in International Private Law theories of Personal Status. Each country will have different application because of the difference of principle in the International Private Law about Personal Status.

The Islamic family law is not legally applied for migrant muslims in America and England courts because both are countries which apply common law system. They use the domicile principle in the case of personal status in the International Private Law discourse. Therefore, the muslims migrant society apply the Islamic family law culturally in their community, through an Imam or mufti as their leader and consultant. This application is not legal according to the states law.

In the European continent countries which use the civil law system, such as in Germany and France, the Islamic Family law is applied for the migrant muslims society, if it’s compatible to the public order.  The court may apply the Islamic family law for the migrant muslims, because both are countries which use the nationality principle for the case of personal status in the International Private Law discourse.

Full Text:

PDF

References


DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Abd al Wahhab Khalaf, ‘Ilmu Usul Fiqh, (Kairo: Dar Al-Qalam, 1978)

Ade Maman Suherman, Pengantar Perbandingan Sistem Hukum (Civil Law, Common Law, Hukum Islam), (Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, tanpa tahun)

Ahmad Rofiq, Pembaharuan Hukum Islam di Indonesia, (Yogyakarta: Gema Media, 2001)

Alba J. Mayss, Principles of Conflict of Laws, (London: Cavendish, 1998)

Bayu Seto Hardjowahono, Dasar-dasar Hukum Perdata Internasional, (Bandung: Citra Aditya Bakti, 2006)

J.G. Castel, Introduction to Conflict of Laws, (Toronto: Butterworths, 1986)

JND. Anderson, Hukum Islam di Dunia Modern (Islamic Law in The Modern World), translated by Machnun Husain, (Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana, 1994)

Joseph Schach, An Introduction to Islamic Law, (Oxford: Clarendom Press, 1982)

Juergen Basedow and Nadima Yassari (eds.), Iranian Family and Succession Laws and their Application in German Coutrs, (Jerman: Mohr Siebeck, 2004)

Lynn Welchman (ed.), Women’s Rights and Islamic Family Law: Perspectives on Reform (New York: Zed Book Ltd., 2004)

Mahmud Syaltut, Al-Islam Aqidah wa Syari’ah, (Kairo: Dar Al-Qalam, 1966)

Mathias Rohe, “Islamic Law in Germany Court”, in Hawwa 1 tahun 2003

Pascale Fournier, “The reception of Muslim Family Laws in Wertern Liberal States”, December 2005.

P. E Nygh, Conflict of Laws in Australia, (Sidney: Butterworths, 1976)

Ridwan Khairandy, Pengantar Hukum Perdata Internasional, (Yogyakarta: UII Press, 2007)

R. Soeroso, Perbandingan Hukum Perdata, (Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 1993)

Ruth Hayward, Conflict of laws, ed-4, (London: Cavendish, 2006)

Sudargo Gautama, Pengantar Hukum Perdata Internasional Indonesia, (Bandung: Binacipta, 1977)

Sudargo Gautama, Hukum Perdata Internasional Indonesia, the seventh book, (Bandung: Alumni, 1981)

Sunarjati Hartono, Pokok-pokok Hukum Perdata Internasional Indonesia, ed.3 (Bandung: Binacipta, 1989)

Tahir Mahmood, Family Law Reform in The Muslim World, (Bombay: Tripathi, 1972)




DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/al-mazaahib.v2i2.1372

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2014 Sri Wahyuni

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

   

All publications by Al-Mazaahib: Jurnal Perbandingan Hukum are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Address: Al-Mazaahib Research Center, Department of Islamic Law Schools Comparison, Sharia and Law Faculty, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta; Jln. Marsda Adisucipto 1 Yogyakarta 55281 Indonesia Telp./Fax.: 081213101465 Email: almazaahib.jph@gmail.com