Yang Sakral, Mitos, dan Kosmos

Analisis Kritis atas Fenomenologi Agama Mircea Eliade

Authors

  • Ikhbar Fiamrillah Zifamina Pondok Pesantren Krapyak Yayasan Ali Maksum Yogyakarta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14421/panangkaran.v6i1.2806

Keywords:

Mircea Eliade, Phenomenology of Religion, The Sacred, The Myth, The Cosmos

Abstract

This article deals with the thought of Mircea Eliade in the phenomenology of religion. The method used in this study is the critical analysis for reviewing Eliade’s thinking about The Sacred, Myth, and Cosmos. The critical analysis of three concepts will lead to a context of phenomology of religion from Eliade. The urgency of this research lies in the implications of three concept in the discourse of religions studies, especially in the phenomenology of religion. This study concluded that: 1) Eliade’s concepts about The Sacred, Myth, and Cosmos indicates that phenomenology of religion from hiim was influenced by philosophy, especially phenomenological and hermeneutical, 2) The implications of the three concept in the phenomenology of religion from Eliade point to an approach that suggest the essence of meaning and interconnected of religious phenomenas, such as the supernatural-natural, spiritual-material, or sacred-profane.

[Artikel ini membahas tentang pemikiran Mircea Eliade dalam fenomenologi agama. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis-kritis untuk meninjau pemikiran Eliade tentang Yang Sakral, Mitos dan Kosmos. Analisis kritis atas ketiga konsep tersebut akan mengarah pada konteks fenomenologi agama dari Eliade. Sehingga dalam hal ini, urgensi penelitian ini terletak pada implikasi ketiga konsep tersebut pada diskursus studi agama-agama, khususnya fenomenologi agama. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa : 1) Konsep Eliade tentang Yang Sakral, Mitos dan Kosmos menunjukkan fenomenologi agama Eliade dipengaruhi oleh filsafat, khususnya fenomenologi dan hermeneutika, 2) Implikasi ketiga konsep tersebut dalam fenomenologi agama Eliade mengarah pada pendekatan yang menujukkan esensi makna dan saling terkaitnya fenomena-fenomena agama, seperti yang supernatural-natural, spiritual-material, maupun sakral-profan.]

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Allen, D. (1972). Mircea Eliade’s Phenomenological Analysis of Religious Experience. The Journal of Religion, 52(2), 170–186.

Chicago Library, U. (2008). Guide to the Mircea Eliade Papers 1926-1998. University of Chicago Library.

Cox, J. L. (2006). A Guide to The Phenomenology of Religion: Key Figures, Formative Influences and Subsequent Debates. T & T International.

Daulay, M. (2010). Filsafat Fenomenologi: Suatu Pengantar. Panjiaswaja Press.

Eliade, M. (1958). Patterns in Comparative Religion. Sheed & Ward.

Eliade, M. (1961). Images and Symbols: Studies in Religous Sybolism. Sheed & Ward.

Eliade, M. (1987). The Sacred and The Profane: The Nature of Religion. Harvest Book.

Eliade, M. (2002). Mitos Gerak Kembali Yang Abadi. Ikon Teralitera.

Gschwandtner, C. M. (2019). What is phenomenology of religion? (Part I): The study of religious phenomena. Philosophy Compass, 14(2), e12566. https://doi.org/10.1111/phc3.12566

Heidegger, M., & Dahlstrom, D. O. (2005). Introduction to phenomenological research. Indiana University Press.

Hinnells, J. R. (Ed.). (2005). The Routledge Companion to the Study of Religion. Routledge.

Kristensen, W. B. (1960). The Meaning of Religion. Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-6580-0

Kusumawati, A. A. (2013). NYADRAN SEBAGAI REALITAS YANG SAKRAL: PERSPEKTIF MIRCEA ELIADE. 14(1), 16.

Leeuw, G. van der. (1986). Religion in essence and manifestation. Princeton University Press.

Manolache, S. (2017a). Mircea Eliade’s Research Method in the Field of the History and Philosophy of Religion. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3086136

Manolache, S. (2017b). The dialogue between sacred, symbol and ritual to Mircea Eliade’s thinking. 101–107. https://doi.org/10.18638/dialogo.2017.4.1.9

Ngcobo, E. T., & Beyers, J. (2013). Is it still possible to study religion religiously today? Mircea Eliade’s religious apologetic account. Verbum et Ecclesia, 34(1), 8 pages. https://doi.org/10.4102/ve.v34i1.702

Olson, C. (1996). The Theology and Philosophy of Eliade: A Search for the Centre (2. [Aufl.]). Macmillan.

Pals, D. L. (2011). Seven Theories of Religion (I. Ridwan Munzir, Trans.). IRCiSoD.

Paravschivescu, M. (2010). Mircea Eliade and The Quest for Religious Meaning. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies, 9(25), 11.

Prasojo, Z. H. (2020). Fenomenologi Agama. IAIN Pontianak Press.

Rennie, B. S. (2007). Mircea Eliade and the Perception of the Sacred in the Profane: Intention, Reduction, and Cognitive Theory. Temenos - Nordic Journal of Comparative Religion, 43(1). https://doi.org/10.33356/temenos.4625

Ridlwan, N. A. (2013). PENDEKATAN FENOMENOLOGI DALAM KAJIAN AGAMA. KOMUNIKA: Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.24090/komunika.v7i2.385

Rodrigues, H., & Harding, J. S. (2009). Introduction to the Study of Religion. Routledge.

Saragih, J. R. H. (2021). PENDEKATAN HISTORIS FENOMENOLOGIS DALAM STUDI AGAMA MENURUT MIRCEA ELIADE. Jurnal Sabda Penelitian, I(2), 12.

Sharma, A. (2001). To The Things Themselves: Essay on the Discourse and Practice of the Phenomenology of Religion. Walter de Gruyter.

Susanto, E. (2014). Signifikansi Pendekatan Fenomenologi terhadap Dinamika Religious Studies: Kajian atas Pemikiran Dauglas Allen. ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 1(1), 67. https://doi.org/10.15642/islamica.2006.1.1.67-75

Tuckett, J. (2016). Clarifying phenomenologies in the study of religion: Separating Kristensen and van der Leeuw from Otto and Eliade. Religion, 46(1), 75–101. https://doi.org/10.1080/0048721X.2015.1057773

Widyaputra, B. (2021). “Yang Sakral” dalam Pemikiran Mircea Eliade. Jurnal Dekonstruksi, 02(02).

Downloads

Published

2022-06-27

How to Cite

Fiamrillah Zifamina, I. (2022). Yang Sakral, Mitos, dan Kosmos: Analisis Kritis atas Fenomenologi Agama Mircea Eliade. Panangkaran: Jurnal Penelitian Agama Dan Masyarakat, 6(1), 69–86. https://doi.org/10.14421/panangkaran.v6i1.2806

Issue

Section

Articles
Abstract Viewed = 64 times | PDF downloaded = 45 times