INFILTRATION OF ISRÂILIYYÂT STORIES AND MAWḌÛ‘ÂT IN TAFSÎR FATḤ AL-QADÎR BY AL-SHAWKÂNÎ

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14421/qh.2020.2102-08

Keywords:

Israiliyyat, infiltration, Mawḍû Hadith, Fatḥ al-Qadîr, Exegesis

Abstract

The commentators of the Qur’anic exegesis agree that the infiltration of the biblical stories (isrâ’îliyyât) and mawḍû‘ât in various commentaries is an indisputable fact. Since the exegesis of the Qur’an was recorded up to now, dozens of credible commentaries have been produced. However, after having been carefully examined, it turns out that most of those commentaries include isra'iliyyat and mawdu‘at. This article aims to identify the infiltration of isrâ’îliyyât and mawḍû‘ât in Tafsir Fatḥ al-Qadîr by al- Shawkânî. This study uses qualitative methods with library research techniques. To deepen the data analysis, this research uses the hermeneutic approach. This research found that in al- Shawkânî’s exegesis, he included two narrations of isrâ’îliyyât, namely about the story of Harut and Marut, and the exegesis of sakinah by the People of the Book (Ahl al-kitab). However, he gave criticism and notes to these two narrations. Meanwhile, in mawḍû‘ât narrations, al- Shawkânî inserted three mawḍû‘ât hadiths about Ali ibn Abi Talib’s cult into his interpretation. But unfortunately, al- Shawkânî gave neither any notes nor criticism of the three narrations. It seems that Al- Shawkânî was still influenced by the Zaydi Shii sect even though in another work entitled, al-Fawâ’id al-Majmu‘ah fî al-Ahâdîth al- Mawḍû‘ah, he explained that the three narrations were included in mawḍû‘ or fictitious.

Author Biography

Ahmad Atabik, Department of Islamic Law, IAIN Kudus

Conge Ngembalrejo Street, Kudus, 59322
Abstract viewed: 351 times | PDF downloaded = 346 times

References

‘Aṭiyyah, Abu Muhammad Ibnu. Al-Muḥarrar Al-Wajîz Fî Tafsîr Al-Kitâb Al-‘Aziz, Vol. 1. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 2011.

’Azîz, Sa’d Yûsuf Maḥmûd Abû. Al-Isrâiliyyât Wa Al-Mauḍû’ât Fi Kutub Al-Tafâsîr Qadîman Wa Ḥadîthan. Cairo: Maktabah Al-Taufiqiyyah, 2000.

Abbâs, Faḍl Ḥasan. Al-Tafsîr Wa Al-Mufassirûn: Asâsiyyatuhu Wa Ittijâhatuhu Wa Manahijuhu Fi ’Aṣr Al-Ḥadith. Vol. 1. Aman: Dar al-Nafa’is, 2016.

al-‘Umarî, Ḥusain ibn Abdullâh. Al-Imâm Al-Syaukâni Râid ‘Aṣrihi: Dirâsah Fi Fiqhihi Wa Fikrihi. Damascus: Dâr al-Fikr, 1990.

Al-Farmâwî, ‘Abd Al-Hayy. Metode Tafsîr Mauḍû’î: Suatu Pengantar. Terj. Suryan A. Jamrah. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 1996.

Al-Ghazâlî, Abû Ḥâmid Muhammad bin Muhammad. Al-Munqidz Min Al-ḍalâl. Cairo: Dâr al-Shurûuq, 1995.

Al-Ghumârî, Muhammad Ḥasan bin Ahmad. “Al-Imâm Al-Shawkânî Mufassiran.” Disertasi--Jâmi’ah Ummu al-Qurâ Makkah, 1980.

Al-KhaṬîb, Muhammad ’Ajjaj. Uṣûl Al-Ḥadîth: ’Ulûmuhu Wa Musṭalaḥuhu. Beirut: Dâr al-Fikr, 1989.

Al-Qaraḍâwî, Yûsuf. Kaifa Nata’âmal Ma’a Al-Qur’an Al-Aẓîm. Cairo: Dâr al-Shurûuq, 1997.

Al-Qurṭubî, Abû ’Abd Allâh Muhammad ibn Ahmad. Tafsîr Al-Qurṭubî, Vol. 2. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah, 2014.

———. Tafsîr Al-Qurṭubî, Vol. 3. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 2014.

Al-Shawkânî, Muhammad bin Ali bin Muhammad. Al-Badr Al-ṭâli’ Bimaḥâsin Man Ma’d Al-Qarn Al-Sâbi’, Vol. 2. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 2007.

———. Al-Fawâid Al-Majmû‘ah Fî Al-Âḥâdîth Al-Mauḍû‘Ah. Beirut: Dâr al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1995.

———. Fatḥ Al-Qadîr Al-Jâmi’ Baina Fannai Al-Riwâyah Wa Al-Dirâyah Min ‘Ilm Al-Tafsîr, Vol. 1. Beirut: Dâr Ibn Ḥazm, 2014.

———. Fatḥ Al-Qadîr Al-Jâmi’ Baina Fannai Al-Riwâyah Wa Al-Dirâyah Min ‘Ilm Al-Tafsîr, Vol. 2. Beirut: Dâr Ibn Ḥazm, 2014.

———. Fatḥ Al-Qadîr Al-Jâmi’ Baina Fannai Al-Riwâyah Wa Al-Dirâyah Min ‘Ilm Al-Tafsîr, Vol. 3. Beirut: Dâr Ibn Ḥazm, 2014.

———. Fatḥ Al-Qadîr Al-Jâmi’ Baina Fannai Al-Riwâyah Wa Al-Dirâyah Min ‘Ilm Al-Tafsîr, Vol. 5. Beirut: Dâr Ibn Ḥazm, 2014.

Al-Shirbâsî, Ahmad. Qiṣṣat Al-Tafsîr. Beirut: Dar al-Qalam, 1962.

al-Syarajî, Abd al-Ghaniy Qâsim Ghâlib. Al-Imâm Al-Syaukânî: Hayâtuhu Wa Fikruhu. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalâh, n.d.

Amin, Ahmad. Fajr Al-Islam. Kairo: Maktabah Al-Usrah, 2000.

Atabik, Ahmad. “PERSPEKTIF AL-SYAWKANI TENTANG PENTARJIHAN PERBEDAAN PENAFSIRAN.” Hermeneutik Jurnal Ilmu Al-Qur’an Dan Tafsir Vol. 11 No (2017): 157–75. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1234/hermeneutik.v1 li2.5525.

———. “Tarjih Al-Shawkânî Dalam Tafsir Fatḥ Al-Qadîr (Kajian Ayat-Ayat Aqidah).” Disertasi--UIN Walisongo Semarang, 2017.

Dhahabî (al), Muhammad ḥusain. Al-Tafsîr Wa Al-Mufassirûn. Vol. 1. Cairo: Maktabah Wahbah, 1995.

Fâris, Abu Al-ḥusain Ahmad Ibnu. Maqâyîs Al-Lughah. Cairo: Dâ al-ḥdîth, 2008.

Faudah, Mahmud Basuni. Tafsir-Tafsir Al-Qur’an: Perkenalan Dan Metodologi Tafsir. Terj. Mokhtar Zoerni Dan Abdul Qadir Hamid. Bandung: Penerbit Pustaka, 1987.

Goldziher, Ignaz. Mazahib Al-Tafsir Al-Islami. Terj. A.H. Al-Najjar. Cairo: Maktabah Kanji, 1955.

Hallaq, Wael B. Law and Legal Theory in Classical and Medieval Islam. Brookfield: Variorum, 1995.

Kaḥâlah, ’Umar Riḍâ. Mu’jam Al-Mu’allifîn: Tarâjum Muṣannifi Al-Kutub Al-‘Arabiyyah. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalâh, 1993.

Musbikin, Imam. Mutiara Al-Qur’an. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2014.

Mustaqim, Abdul, and Saifuddin Zuhri Qudsy. Pergeseran Epistemologi Tafsir. Pustaka Pelajar, 2008.

Numsûk, Abdullâh bin Musṭafâ. Manhaj Al-Shawkânî Fi Al-Aqîdah. Beirut: Dâr al-Qalam, 1999.

Shahbah, Muhammad Abû. Al-Isrâiliyyât Wa Al-Mauḍû’ât Fi Kutub Al-Tafsîr. Cairo: Maktabah Al-Sunnah, 1988.

Shihab, M. Quraish. Wawasan Al-Qur’an. Bandung: Mizan, 1996.

Downloads

Published

29-07-2020

How to Cite

Atabik, A. (2020). INFILTRATION OF ISRÂILIYYÂT STORIES AND MAWḌÛ‘ÂT IN TAFSÎR FATḤ AL-QADÎR BY AL-SHAWKÂNÎ. Jurnal Studi Ilmu-Ilmu Al-Qur’an Dan Hadis, 21(2), 389–410. https://doi.org/10.14421/qh.2020.2102-08

Issue

Section

Articles