PERAN KEPEMIMPINAN KOLEKTIF DALAM MENUMBUHKAN MODERASI BERAGAMA SANTRI: STUDI DI PESANTREN MUHAMMADIYAH DARUL ARQOM PATEAN SUKOREJO KENDAL

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the collective leadership roles implemented in the Muhammadiyah Darul Arqom Islamic Boarding School Patean Sukorejo Kendal in shaping the mindset, attitude, and behavior of religious moderation of the students. This type of research is qualitative with a descriptive model. The data obtained through observation or direct observation, supporting documents, and interviews with several key informants including leaders, teachers, and students. Data analyzed through condensation, presentation, and verification techniques. The results of this study found that the collective leadership applied at the Muhammadiyah Darul Arqom Patean Sukorejo Kendal Islamic Boarding School was quite effective in directing students to mindsets, attitudes, and behaviors that showed moderation in religion seen from a national perspective, polite attitude, openness, and accepting differences, as well as staying away from behavior violence. The leaders through exemplary direct interaction with the students and through the direction and mobilization of the teachers as well as coaching directly to the students direct the perspectives and ways of being moderate (wasathiyyah) in religion, both aspects of aqidah, worship, and muamalah. The application of habituation to the interaction of students across regional origins and levels of education strengthens the behavior of religious moderation among students.

https://doi.org/10.14421/jmd.2023.92.06
PDF

References

Akbar, M., Djubaedi, D., & Dahlan, U. A. (2023). Studi Komparasi Kepemimpinan Kiai dan Direktur di Pondok Pesantren dan Boarding School. Ma’alim: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 4(2), 261–270. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21154/maalim.v4i2.5496

Asrori, S. (2020). Lanskap Moderasi Keagamaan Santri, Refleksi Pola Pendidikan Pesantren. JISI: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Indonesia, 1(1), 16–26. https://doi.org/https://doi.org /10.15408/jisi.v1i1.17110

Bass, B. M. (1990). Bass and Stogdill’s Handbook of Leadership: A survey of theory and research. Free Press.

Bryman, A. (1992). Charisma and Leadership in Organizations. Sage Publication.

Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership. Harper & Row.

CNN Indonesia. (2022, November 20). Haedar Nashir: Kepemimpinan Muhammadiyah Tetap Kolektif Kolegial. CNN Indonesia. https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20221120144032-20-876138/haedar-nashir-kepemimpinan-muhammadiyah-tetap-kolektif-kolegial

Day, D. V., & Antonakis, J. (2012). The Nature of Leadership (2nd ed.). Sage Publication.

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (1994). Handbook of Qualitative Research. SAGE Publication.

Dimyati, H. . H. (2014). Model Kepemimpinan dan Sistem Pengambilan Keputusan. Pustaka Setia.

Friedrich, T. L., Griffith, J. A., & Mumford, M. D. (2016). Collective leadership behaviors: Evaluating the leader, team network, and problem situation characteristics that influence their use. The Leadership Quarterly, 27(2), 312–333. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.LEAQUA.2016.02.004

Friedrich, T. L., Vessey, W. B., Schuelke, M., & Ruark, G. A. (2009). A framework for Understanding collective Leadership: The Selective Utilization of Leader and Team Expertise within Networks. The Leadership Quarterly, 20(6), 933–958. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2009.09.008

Gadner, J. W. (1990). On Leadership. Free Press.

Goodson, J. R., McGee, G. W., & Cashman, J. F. (1989). Situational Leadership Theory: A Test of Leadership Prescriptions. Group & Organization Management (GOM), 14(4). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/105960118901400406

Greenleaf, R. K. (1977). Servant leadership: Ajourney Into Yhe Nature of Ligitimate Power and Greatness. Publist.

Hair, M. A., & Syam, N. (2023). Restorasi Pendidikan Islam Multikultural Pesantren Sebagai Garda Depan Moderasi Beragama. Kariman: Jurnal Pendidikan Keislaman, 11(2), 298–313. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.52185/kariman.v11i2.305

Hartono, R. (2016). Pola Komunikasi di Pesantren : Studi tentang Model Komunikasi antara Kiai, Ustadz, dan Santri di Pondok Pesantren TMI Al-Amien Prenduan. Al-Balagh : Jurnal Dakwah Dan Komunikasi, 1(1), 67–100. https://doi.org/10.22515/balagh.v1i1.60

Ifendi, M. (2020). Pesantren dan Kepemimpinan Kiai Studi Kasus di Pondok Pesantren Mambaus Sholihin Gresik (1980-2020). Mudir: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan, 2(2), 77–94. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.55352/mudir.v2i2.99

Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia. (2019). Moderasi Beragama, Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI.

Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia. (2022). Pesantren Terafiliasi Kelompok Teroris, ini Penjelasan Kemenag. Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia. https://kemenag.go.id/pers-rilis/bnpt-sebut-198-pesantren-terafiliasi-kelompok-teroris-ini-penjelasan-kemenag-

Klein, K. J., Ziegert, J. C., & Xiao, Y. (2006). Dynamic Delegation: Shared, Hierarchical, and Deindividualized Leadership in Extreme Action Teams. Administrative Science Quarterly, 51(4). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2189/asqu.51.4.590

Konczak, L., Stelly, D. J., & Trusty, M. L. (2000). Defining and Measuring Empowering Leader Behaviors: Development of an Upward Feedback Instrument. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 60(2), 301–313. https://doi.org/10.1177/00131640021970420

Leana, C. R. (1986). Predictors and Consequences of Delegation. The Academy of Management Journal, 29(4), 754–774. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.2307/255943

Leithwood, K., & Mascall, B. (2008). Collective Leadership Effects on Student Achievement. Educational Administration Quarterly, 44(4), 529–561. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/0013161X08321221

Lewin, K., Lippitt, R., & White, R. K. (1939). Patterns of Aggressive Behavior in Experimentally Created “Social Climates.” The Journal of Social Psychology, 10, 271–299. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.1939.9713366

Lv, C.-M., & Zhang, L. (2017). How can collective leadership influence the implementation of change in health care? Chinese Nursing Research, 4(4), 182–185. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cnre.2017.10.005

Madjid, N. (1997). Bilik-Bilik Pesantren: Sebuah Potret Perjalanan. Paramadina.

Majelis Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah Pimpinan Pusat Muhammadiyah. (2021). RPJP (Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Panjang) Pendidikan Dasar dan menengah Muhammadiyah 2021-2045.

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis, A Methods Sourcebook. In T. R. Rohidi (Ed.), Edition 3 (Terjemahan, p. 14). Sage Publication.

Noor, M. (2019). Gaya Kepemimpinan Kyai. Jurnal Kependidikan, 7(1), 141–156. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24090/jk.v7i1.2958

Northouse, P. G., & Cahayani, A. (terj. . (2017). Kepemimpinan: Teori dan Praktik (6th ed.). Indeks.

Ogawa, Rodney, T., & Bossert, S. (1995). Leadership as an Organizational Quality, Educational Administration Quarterly. Sage Publication. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013161X95031002004

Pramitha, D. (2020). Revitalisasi Kepemimpinan Kolektif-Kolegial Dalam Membangun Efektifitas Komunikasi Organisasi Pesantren. Evaluasi: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 4(1), 45–69. https://doi.org/10.32478/evaluasi.v4i1.355

Pranata, H., & Sesmiarni, Z. (2022). Implementasi Pendidikan Islam Berbasis Moderasi Beragama di Pondok Pesantren Islam Al-Mukmin. Hikmah: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 11(2), 250–263. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.55403/hikmah.v11i2.372

Remiswal, R., Hasbi, F., & Diani, Y. P. (2020). Model Kepemimpinan Di Pondok Pesantren. Prokurasi:Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam UIN Imam Bonjol Padang, 2(1), 63–78. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15548/p-prokurasi.v2i1.2052

Rost, J. C. (1991). Leadership for The Twenty-first Century. Praeger.

Rozaq, A. K., Basri, & Indah. (2022). Kiai’s Leadership in Strengthening Santri’s Moderation Attitude in Islamic Boarding Schools. Nidhomul Haq: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 7(2), 284–294. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31538/ndh.v7i2.2322

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal MD: Jurnal Manajemen Dakwah