Cadar and Women’s Awrat In Indonesian Qur'an Literature

Indal Abror,1* M. Nurdin Zuhdi,2 Iwan Setiawan,3 Ahmad Suhendra4

   1 UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
   2 Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta
   3 Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta
   4 STISNU Nusantara Tanggerang
   * Corresponding Author

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/qh.2021.2202-09

Abstract


The use of cadar becomes a controversial discussion in Indonesia. However, the majority of scholars consider the cadar is not an obligation in religion. Bearing in mind, there are differences in the limits of women's genitalia or awrat. It shows in the Quranic interpretation of literature in Indonesia that cadar's views lie in the different scholars in interpreting and determining the limits of women's genitalia. This paper uses a comparative method to compare the interpretations of Hasbi Ash-Shiddieqy and Quraish Shihab in understanding verses about the cadar and the limits of women's Awrat (genitalia) in both interpretations. This research method is qualitative and library research. Hasbi Asy-Syiddieqy, in his interpretation of An-Nur, explains that women are obliged to cover their jewelry, while Quraish Shihab considers the cadar is not an obligation in religion because, for him, the face is not part of the awrat (genitalia) that must be covered. The difference can be seen from their educational and scientific backgrounds. Hasbi Asy-Syiddieqy has a background in Islamic law (Fiqh), so the style of interpretation in the book of An-Nur is more nuanced in fiqh. However, Quraish Shihab highlights the nuances of interpretation in the book of Al-Misbah, which tends to imitate the model or style of interpretation of Muhammad Abduh and Rashid Rida. This cadar is part of the need for tahsiniyat (Luxuries). The need for tahsiniyat is a need which if not fulfilled, does not threaten the existence of one of the maqashid ash-shariah (objectives of sharia) and does not cause difficulties.


Keywords


Cadar, Awrat, Woman, Tafsir, Tafsir al-Misbah, Tafsir an-Nur

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ash-Shiddiieqy, M. Hasbi. Tafsir Al-Qur’anul Majid An-Nur. Semarang: Pustaka Rizki Putra, 2016.

‘Audah, Hasan. Al-Mar’ah Al-Arabiyah Fi Ad-Din Wa Al-Mujtama’. Beirut: Al-Ahaly, 2000.

Engineer, Asghar Ali. Pembebasan Perempuan. Yogyakarta: PT LKiS Pelangi Aksara, 2003.

———. Pembebasan Perempuan, Terj. Agus Nuryatno. Yogyakarta: Elkis, 1999.

Fakih, Mansour. Membincang Feminisme: Diskursus Gender Perspektif Islam. Surabaya: Risalah Gusti, 2000.

Ghafur, Saiful Amin. Profil Para Mufassir Al-Qur’an. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Insan Madani, 2008.

Kasmantoni. “Lafadz Kalam Dalam Tafsir Al-Misbah Quraish Shihab Studi Analisa Semantik.” UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, 2008.

Maududi. Jilbab: Wanita Dalam Masyarakat Islam, Terj. Mufid Ridho. Bandung: Marja, 2005.

Muththahari, Murtadha. Gaya Hidup Wanita Islam, Terj. Bandung: Mizan, 1990.

Rasyid, Lisa Aisiyah, and Rosdalina Bukido. “Poblematika Hukum Cadar Dalam Islam: Sebuah Tinjauan Normatif-Historis.” Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Syir’ah 16, no. 1 (2018): 74–92.

Ratri, Lintang. “Cadar, Media, Dan Identitas Perempuan Muslim.” In Forum, 39:29–37, 2011.

Shahab, Husein. Jilbab Menurut Al-Qur’an Dan as-Sunnah. Bandung: Mizan, 2004.

Shidqi, Ahmad, and Gilang Desti Parahita. Sepotong Kebenaran Milik Alifa. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2008.

Shihab, Alwi. Islam Inklusif: Menuju Terbuka Dalam Beragama. Bandung: Mizan, 1999.

Shihab, M. Quraish. Jilbab Pakaian Wanita Muslimah. Jakarta: Lentera Hat, 2018.

———. Jilbab, Pakaian Wanita Muslimah: Pandangan Ulama Masa Lalu Dan Cendikiawan Kontemporer. Vol. 1. Jakarta: Lentera Hati Group, 2012.

———. Membumikan Al-Qu’an: Fungsi Dan Peran Wahyu Dalam Kehidupan MasyarakatX. Bandung: Mizan, 2003.

———. Pesan Kesan, Dan Keserasian Al-Qur’an. Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2002.

———. “Wawasan Al-Qur’an, Bandung: PT.” Mizan Pustaka, 2007.

Sidiq, U. “Diskursus Makna Jilbab Dalam Surat Al-Ahzab Ayat 59: Menurut Ibnu Kathir Dan M. Quraish Shihab.” Kodifikasia 6, no. 1 (2012): 178.

Sirojudin, D. Ensiklopedia. Jakarta: PT Ichtiar Baru Van Hoeve, 1993.

Suhendra, Ahmad. “Kontestasi Identitas Melalui Pergeseran Interpretasi Hijab Dan Abstrak Jilbab Dalam Al Qur’an.” Palastren Jurnal Studi Gender 6, no. 1 (2016): 1–22.

Syuqqah, Abu, and Abdul Halim. “Kebebasan Wanita, Terj. As’ Ad Yasin.” Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 1997.

Wajdi, Muhammad Farid. Dairat Al-Ma’arif al-Qarn al-Isyrin. Beirut: Dar al Ma’rifah, 1991.

Wartini, Atik. “Nalar Ijtihad Jilbab Dalam Pandangan M. Quraish Shihab: Kajian Metodologi.” Musãwa Jurnal Studi Gender Dan Islam 13, no. 1 (2014): 29–38.

Zuhdi, M Nurdin. Pasaraya Tafsir Indonesia: Dari Kontestasi Metodologi Hingga Kontekstualisasi. Yogyakarta: Kaukaba, 2014.

Zuhdi, M Nurdin, and Sahiron Syamsuddin. “The Contemporary Qur’anic Exegesis: Tracking Trends in The Interpretation of The Qur’an in Indonesia 2000-2010.” Jawi 1, no. 1 (2018).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Indal Abror, M. Nurdin Zuhdi, Iwan Setiawan, Ahmad Suhendra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Faculty of Ushuluddin and Islamic Thought UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
Jl. Laksda Adisucipto, Papringan, Caturtunggal, Kec. Depok, Kabupaten Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta 55281
email: jurnalqurdis@uin-suka.ac.id

PRINCIPAL CONTACT:
Prof. Dr. H. Abdul Mustaqim, S.Ag., M.Ag.
Faculty of Ushuluddin and Islamic Thought UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Indonesia
 
Creative Commons License

Jurnal Studi Ilmu-ilmu al-Qur'an Hadis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.