Effects of Violence Against Women in Suqûth al-Imâm by Nawal el-Sa’dâwi: A Radical Feminism Study

Syarifuddin Syarifuddin
* Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry, Indonesia

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/esensia.v21i1.2152

Abstract


This study aims to describe the forms and effects of violence experienced by the main female character in Suqûth Al-Imâm by Nawal El-Sa’dawi. As a woman, el-Sa’dâwi has a high sensitivity in describing the feelings of a woman experiencing violence. The method used to uncover the forms and effects of violence on women in this novel is descriptive qualitative. The data displayed are words, phrases, sentences, and discourses that contain elements of violence against women. Applying the style of radical feminism in analyzing the data, this research shows that, first, the forms of violence against the main character are physical, psychological and sexual violence; second, the effects of violence experienced by the main character are physical injury, psychological disorders, and behavioral disorders. Thus, it concludes that repeated violence against women may result in prolonged suffering and is not acceptable to women both physically and mentally.


Keywords


Violence; Suqûth al-Imâm; Bintillah; Radical Feminism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Khateeb, Ebtehal. “Women Lost Women Found; Searching for An Arab-Islamic Feminist Identity in Nawal El-Saadawi’s Twelve Women in a Cell in Light of Current Egyptian Spring Events.” Journal of International Women’s Studies Bridgewater State University US 14, no. 5 (2013): 4–27.

Ali Imron Al-Makruf. Pengkajian Sastra; Teori Dan Aplikasi. I. Surakarta: Djiwa Amarta Press, 2017.

Amin, Saidul. “Pasang Surut Gerakan Feminisme.” Marwah: Jurnal Perempuan, Agama Dan Jender 12, no. 2 (2013): 146. https://doi.org/10.24014/marwah.v12i2.520.

Budiman, Mamdukh. “Ketidakadilan Gender Dalam Cerpen Qissatu Fathiyah Al-Misriyyah Dalam Antologi Cerpen Adab Am Qillatu Adab Nawal Sa’dawi.” Jurnal Lensa Fakultas Bahasa Dan Budaya AsingUniversitas Muhammadiyah Semarang 2, no. 1 (2012).

Dewi Istiqomatul Karomah. “Citra Perempuan Pada Autobiografi Perempuan-Perempuan Harem Karya Fatima Mernissi.” Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pengajaran Untan 3, no. 11 (2014): 1–13.

El-Sa’dawi, Nawal. Suquth Al-Imam. Cairo: Dar El-Saqi, 1987.

Faizain, Khoirul. “Mengintip Feminisme Dan Gerakan Perempuan.” Jurnal Egalita UIN Malang VI, no. 2 (2012): 70–79. https://doi.org/10.18860/egalita.v0i0.1951.

Fitriani, Dewi, and Wildan. “Kekerasan Terhadap Perempuan Dalam Novel Bidadari Hitam Karya T.I. Thamrin.” Jurnal Prodi MPBSI PPs Unsyiah Banda Aceh 5, no. 2 (2017): 79–87.

Fu’ady, Muh Anwar. “Dinamika Psikologis Kekerasan Seksual: Sebuah Studi Fenomenologi.” Jurnal Psikoislamika Fakultas Psikologi UIN Malang 8, no. 2 (2011): 191–208. https://doi.org/10.18860/psi.v0i0.1553.

Giglio, Elizabeth. “Talk Like An Egyptian; Applying the Theory of the Subaltern to the Works of Nawal El-Sa’dawi.” Agora - Online Graduate Humanities Journal 16, no. 5 (2017): 1–17.

Karim, Abdul. “Feminisme; Sebuah Model Penelitian Kualitatif.” Sawwa; Jurnal Studi Gender UIN Walisongo 10, no. 1 (2014): 83–98.

———. “Kerangka Studi Feminisme; Model Penelitian Kualitatif Tentang Perempuan Dalam Koridor Sosial Keagamaan.” Fikrah; Jurnal IAIN Kudus 2, no. 1 (2014): 57–74.

Kurnianto, Ery Agus. “Pandangan Empat Tokoh Perempuan Terhadap Virginitas Dalam Novel Garis Perempuan; Perspektif Feminis Radikal.” Kandai; Jurnal Bahasa Dan Sastra, Kantor Bahasa Sulawesi Tenggara 13, no. 2 (2017): 281. https://doi.org/10.26499/jk.v13i2.194.

Mardiyana. “Feminisme Radikal Dalam Kumpulan Cerpen 1874 Karya Tamara Geraldine Dan Kawan-Kawan.” Prodi BSI FKIP Universitas Maritim Tanjungpinang, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004.

Maryam Habibah Kamis, and Indriaty Ismail. “Tema-Tema Feminisme Dalam Novel-Novel Nawal El Saadawi.” Jurnal Islamiyat Faculty of Islamic Studies UKM Malaysia 37, no. November (2015): 107–12.

Masziah, Sumiharti, and Erliona Zahar. “Analisis Feminisme Radikal Tokoh Firdaus Dalam Novel Perempuan Di Titik Nol.” Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia Unbar Jambi 2, no. 2 (2018): 50–56.

Mus, Mawaddah. “Analisis Feminisme Radikal Novel Ronggeng Dukuh Paruk Karya Ahmad Tohari.” Jurnal Onoma FKIP Unoversitas Cokroaminoto Palopo 3, no. 1 (2017): 29–43.

Nugrahani, Farida. Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Surakarta: Cakra Books, 2014.

Nurgiyantoro, Burhan. “Transformasi Cerita Wayang Dalam Novel Amba Dan Pulang.” Litera: Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pengajarannya, 2016. https://doi.org/10.21831/ltr.v15i2.11823.

Prasetyo, Yudi, and Haryadi. “Kekerasan Terhadap Tokoh Perempuan Dalam Novel Seperti Dendam Rindu Harus Dibayar Tuntas Dan Lelaki Harimau Karya Eka Kurniawan.” Seloka: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia 6, no. 2 (2017): 153.

Rizqi, Syarifatur, and Sri Mastuti P. “Tuntutan Feminisme Radikal Terhadap Sistem Patriarki Pada Pemikiran NH. Dini Dalam Karya Sastranya.” Avatara; Jurnal Pendidikan Sejarah Universitas Negeri Surabaya 2, no. 3 (2014): 272–84.

Sari, Nurmalia. “Kekerasan Perempuan Dalam Novel Bak Rambut Dibelah Tujuh Karya Muhammad Makhdlori.” Jurnal Literasi FKIP Universitas Galuh Ciamis Jawa Barat 1, no. 2 (2017): 41–48. https://jurnal.unigal.ac.id/index.php/literasi/article/view/792/696.

Setiyo, Nono. “Tyranny On Women In Nawal El-Saadawi’s The Fall Of The Imam Novel (1987)- A Marxist Approach.” Prodi Pendidikan Guru, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 2018.

Ta’abudi, Drei Herba, and Nurul Asqi. “Nawal El-Sa’dawi Dalam Tradisi Feminisme Barat.” Jurnal Nady Al-Adab Universitas Hasanuddin 16, no. 2 (2019): 103–19.

Talbot, Biancal L. “Radical Feminism’s Opposition to Liberty.” Journal of The Western Australian Jurist 6 (2015): 259–67.

Umar, Tia Mutihah. “Propaganda Feminisme Dan Perubahan Sosial.” Jurnal Mediator Komunikasi UNISBA Bandung 6, no. 2 (2005): 205–14. https://doi.org/10.29313/mediator.v6i2.1189.

Vukoičić, Jelena. “Radical Feminism as A Discourse in The Theory of Conflict.” Journal of Sociological Discourse 3, no. 5 (2013): 33–50. https://doi.org/10.7251/socen1305033v.

Wiyatmi. Kritik Karya Feminis Teori Dan Aplikasinya Dalam Sastra Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak Yogyakarta, 2012.

Zembat, Muhammad Burak. “An Analysis of The Concept of Feminist Theory and Historical Changing and Developments of Feminism.” Jurnal Gottingen Georg-August Universitat 01, no. 1 (2017): 3–14. http://www.albayan.ae.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin

ISSN 1411-3775  |   E-ISSN 2548-4729

Accredited by Director General of Research and Development Research and Development of the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia. Decree No: 36a/E/KPT/2016

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under
a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).