Analisis dan Pemetaan Pemikiran Fikih Moderat di Timur Tengah dan Relasinya dengan Gerakan Fikih Formalis

M Zaidi Abdad
* IAIN Mataram Nusa Tenggara Barat

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/esensia.v12i1.701

Abstract


The delopment of thought dichotomically occupies in the level of ahlu al-hadîs dan ahlu ar-ra’yî, though in the contemporary context, those two axis of thoughts have derivated a lot of varieties. Basically, they want to appear as an alternative movement of thought facing the development of modern world. It seems obvious that the issue deals not only with the clash of discourse but also with the clash of politics. In this respect, the phenomenon of mutual blasphemy is manifest among Muslims thinkers. On its peak, each parties use radicalism as a weapon to silence the opponent’s movement. History teaches us, for instance, radicalism movement in Egypt, Algeria, and Turkey carried out by the fundamentalists. This movement eventually comes into world as the movement of moderate Islam, which is more open seeing the problem and more flexible in acquiring the decision through the text. The moderate Islam is open to welcome some current and modern interpretations. Meanwhile the formal Islam is an Islamic group always rigidly understands religious texts in an absolutism way. They tightly select all aspects came from the external entity, and strongly hold the religious texts.

Keywords


Pemetaan; Pemikiran; Fikih Moderat, Timur Tengah; Relasi; Gerakan; Fikih Formalis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Malih, Abu Rajab, ”Resensi Fiqh of Jihad” Yusuf Qardawi dalam Citus Dakwatuna, diakses tanggal 20 Mei 2010

Azhar, Muhamad, Filsafat Politik: Perbandingan antara Islam dan Barat, Jakarta: Rajawali Press, 1996.

Al–Kutairy, al–Sayyid Muhammad, al–Salafiyyah bain Ahl al–Sunnah wa al–Imamiyyah, Beirut: al–Ghadir li al–Tiba’a>h, 1997

Al–Qurtuby, Sumanto, “Fundamentalis Moderat di Timur Tengah” dalam Artikel http://www.islamlib.com. Diakses tanggal 27 Mei 2010

Al–Rihani, Amn, Tarikh Najd wa Mulhaqatih, Beirut: Dar al–Rihani, 1973

Burchhadt, John Lewis, Al–Baw wa Wahhabiyyah, Penerjemah: Muhammad Al–Asyuti, Beirut: Dar Swidan, 1995

Departemen Agama R. I., Al–Qur’an dan Terjemahnya, Semarang: CV. al– Syifa’, 2006

El–Fadl, Kholed Abou, Selamatkan Islam dari Muslim Puritan, Jakarta: Serambi Ilmu Semesta, 2006

Hanafi, Hasan, “Kata Pengantar”, dalam Islam Garda Depan: Mosaik Pemikiran Islam Timur Tengah, M. Ainul Abied Shah (ed.), Bandung : Mizan, 2001

_______, Islamologi 2 dari Rasionalisme e Empirisme, Yogyakarta: LkiS, 1973

Haikal, Muhammad Husein, Pemikiran Islam, Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus, 1993

http://tabloiddiplomasi.com/index.php/previous-isuue/52-maret-2008/474-islam-moderat-dalam-peta-diplomasi-global, Edisi: Maret 2008

Nasution, Harun, Filsafat dan Misticisme, Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1973.

Roibin, Sosiologi Hukum Islam, Malang: UIN Malang Press, 2008.

Sadzalai, Munawir, Islam dan Tata Negara, Jakarta: UI Press, 1993.

Schwartz, Stepehen Sulaiman, Dua Wajah Islam: Modeatisme vs Fundamentalisme alam Wacana Global, Jakarta: Kerjasama Blantika denan Libforal–The Wahid Institut–Center of Islamic Pluralism, 2007.

Shadid, Anthony, Legacy of the Prophet: Despots, Democrats, and the New Politics of Islam, 2002

Wati, Ana Bilqis Fajar, “Pemikiran Keagamaan Fazlur Rahman (Studi atas Sumber–sumber Hukum Islam dan Terbkannya Pintu Ijtihad” dalam Antologi Kajian Islam, Seri 10, Surabaya: PPS IAIN Sunan Ampel Press, 2006


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin

ISSN 1411-3775  |   E-ISSN 2548-4729

Accredited by Director General of Research and Development Research and Development of the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia. Decree No: 36a/E/KPT/2016

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under
a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).