Orchestrating Sufism: The Transculturation of Ottoman Aesthetic Traditions in Indonesian Muslims

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Sunarto Sunarto
Robby Habiba Abror


This article provides an understanding of the aesthetic relationship between the Ottoman and Indonesia. Turkey was instrumental in Islamization and political support for Indonesia. Islam came to Indonesia in the 13th century, which was brought by merchants of the Middle East and Ottoman Turks. They used a variety of dawah mediums, including economics, politics, social, and arts. Many sources write about the central role of traders from the Middle East in the Islamization of Indonesia, yet few resources give explanations of the role of Turkish traders and preachers. Using the descriptive analysis method, this article argues that Turkey has had a strong influence on Sufism in Indonesia. The main instrument in this research is library observation. This study found that the Ottoman Turks influenced aesthetic-sufistic interactions in Indonesia. In addition, the Ottoman Turkey with Sufism from Mevlana Jalāl ad-Dīn Rūmī has introduced music to Indonesia, which includes recitative poetry sung, Turkish musical instruments, and the Sufistic Whirling Darvish dance of Mevlevi Rūmī sufism order. The influence of Turkey spread to the Javanese and Malay-speaking Sumatran people.

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How to Cite
Sunarto, Sunarto, and Robby Habiba Abror. “Orchestrating Sufism: The Transculturation of Ottoman Aesthetic Traditions in Indonesian Muslims”. ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin 23, no. 1 (August 17, 2022): 79–90. Accessed September 29, 2023. https://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/ushuluddin/esensia/article/view/3141.
Author Biographies

Sunarto Sunarto, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Scopus id: 57326320500

Subject Areas: Musics; Aesthetics; Sufism; Cultural hybridity

Robby Habiba Abror, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

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Scopus id: 57217996349

Subject Areas: Islamic theology; Sufism; Intercultural communication


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