Main Article Content
This article provides an understanding of the aesthetic relationship between the Ottoman and Indonesia. Turkey was instrumental in Islamization and political support for Indonesia. Islam came to Indonesia in the 13th century, which was brought by merchants of the Middle East and Ottoman Turks. They used a variety of dawah mediums, including economics, politics, social, and arts. Many sources write about the central role of traders from the Middle East in the Islamization of Indonesia, yet few resources give explanations of the role of Turkish traders and preachers. Using the descriptive analysis method, this article argues that Turkey has had a strong influence on Sufism in Indonesia. The main instrument in this research is library observation. This study found that the Ottoman Turks influenced aesthetic-sufistic interactions in Indonesia. In addition, the Ottoman Turkey with Sufism from Mevlana Jalāl ad-Dīn Rūmī has introduced music to Indonesia, which includes recitative poetry sung, Turkish musical instruments, and the Sufistic Whirling Darvish dance of Mevlevi Rūmī sufism order. The influence of Turkey spread to the Javanese and Malay-speaking Sumatran people.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Abdad, M. Zaidi. “Analisis Dan Pemetaan Pemikiran Fikih Moderat Di Timur Tengah Dan Relasinya Dengan Gerakan Fikih Formalis.” ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin 12, no. 1 (January 22, 2011): 39–62.
Alisyahbana, Sutan Takdir. Puisi Lama. Djakarta: Pustaka Rakjat N.V., 1952.
Amin, Nazifatul Ummy Al, Egi Tanadi Taufik, Siti Mufidatunrofiah, and Idris Ahmad Rifai. “Kejawen, Multiculturalism, and Principles of Qur’an: Transformation and Resupposition of QS. al-Kafirun (109) 6 in Urip Sejati Community of Yogyakarta.” ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin 21, no. 1 (2020): 71–90.
Burger, D.H., and Prajoedi Atmoseodirdjo. Sedjarah Ekonomis Sosiologis Indonesia I. Djakarta: PN Pradnjaparamita, 1962.
Capra, Fritjof. The Tao of Physics: An Exploration of The Parallels Between Modern Physics and Eastern Mysticism. New York: Bantam Books, 1980.
Djumadi, Thojib. “Grebeg Sekatèn Ing Dina Maulud.” In (Edited with an Introduction), Javanese Literature since Independence: An Anthology, 335–340. Leiden: BRILL, 1979.
Fieldman, Walter. “Ottoman Source in Development of the Taksim.” Yearbook for Tradition Music 25 (1993): 27.
Florida, Nancy K. “The Badhaya Katawang: A Translation of the Song of Kangjeng Ratu Kidul.” Indonesia, 1992.
Hadiwijono, Harun. Kebatinan Islam Abad XVI. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 1985.
———. Salah Satu Sikap Hidup Orang Jawa. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1976.
Hammarlund, Anders. “Sufism, Music, and Society in Turkey and the Middle East.” In Introduction: An Annotated Glossary, 2–5. Swedish: Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul Transactions, 2005.
Herskovits, M.J. Acculturation: The Study of Culture Contact. Gloucester: MA, 1958.
Howell, Julia Day. “Sufism and the Indonesian Islamic Revival.” The Journal of Asian Studies 60, no. 3 (August 2001): 701–729.
Hughes-Freeland, Felicia. “Performance and Symbolism: Bĕdhaya and the Poetics of Power.” In Embodied Communities: Dance Traditions and Change in Java (Series: Dance and Performance Studies), 125–130. New York: Berghahn Books, 2008.
Jones, Howard Palfrey. Indonesia: The Possible Dream. Singapore: Ayu Mas Pte., LTD., 1977.
Kartomi, Margaret J. “The Processes and Results of Musical Culture Contact: A Discussion of Terminology and Concepts.” Ethnomusicology 25, no. 2 (May 1981): 227.
Kathirithamby-Wells, J. “The Islamic City: Melaka to Jogjakarta, c. 1500–1800.” Modern Asian Studies 20, no. 2 (April 1986): 333–351.
Kunst, E. D. Ethnomusicology A Study of Its Nature, Its Problems, Methods and Representative Personalities to Which Is Added a Bibliography. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 1974. Accessed August 14, 2022. http://public.eblib.com/choice/PublicFullRecord.aspx?p=6560660.
Laffan, Michael Francis. The Makings of Indonesian Islam: Orientalism and the Narration of a Sufi Past. Princeton studies in Muslim politics. Princeton [N.J.] ; Oxford [England]: Princeton University Press, 2011.
Mayer, Helen. “Ethnomusicology.” In The New Oxford Companion to Music. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.
Merriam, Alan P. “The Use of Music in the Study of a Problem of Acculturation.” American Anthropologist 57, no. 1 (February 1955): 28–34.
Myers, H. “Ethnomusicology.” In Ethnomusicology: An Introduction. New York: MacMillan, 1992.
Nur, Syaifan, and Dudung Abdurahman. “Sufism of Archipelago: History, Thought, and Movement.” ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin 18, no. 2 (October 20, 2017): 123–133.
Powell, J.W. Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages. Washington: Govt. Print. Off, 1880.
Pranata. Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo: Raja Terbesar Kerajaan Mataram Abad Ke-17. Jakarta: PT Yudha Gama Corp, 1977.
Qureshi, Regula Burkhardt. Sufi Music of India and Pakistan: Sound, Context, and Meaning in Qawwali. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.
Rahardjo, Satjipto. “Between Two Worlds: Modern State and Traditional Society in Indonesia.” Law & Society Review 28, no. 3 (1994): 499–502.
Resink, G.J. “Kanjeng Ratu Kidul: The Second Divine Spouse of the Sultans of Ngayogyakarta.” Asian Folkore Studies 56, no. 2 (1997): 313–315.
Rüstem, Ünver. “The Afterlife of a Royal Gift:: The Ottoman Inserts of The ‘Shāhnāma-I Shāhī.’” Muqarnas 29 (2012): 250–300.
Schimmel, and Annemarie. “The Role of Music in Islamic Mysticism.” In Sufism, Music, and Society in Turkey and the Middle East, 10:8–17. Swedish: Swedish Research Institute in Istanbul Transactions, 2005.
Schumann, Olaf. “Staat Und Gesellschaftim Heutigen Indonesien.” Die Welt des Islams 33, no. Issue 2 (1993): 189–215.
Susilo, Harja. “The Javanese Court Dance.” The World of Music 21, no. 1 (1989): 90–102.
Uzel, Nezih. “Sufi-Zeremomie Der Tanzenden Derwische Des Mevlevi-Ordens.” 9–12. Berlin: Internationales Institut fuer vergleichende Musikstudien, 1981.
Wessing, Robert. “Nyai Rara Kidul: The Antecedents of a Cosmopolitan Queen.” Anthropos Bd. 111, no. H.2. (2016).
Wright, O. “Aspects of Historical Change in the Turkish Classical Repertoire.” Musica Asiatica V (1988): 100–108.
Zimmer, Heinrich Robert, and Joseph Campbell. Philosophies of India. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1974. Accessed August 15, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1515/9780691202808.