Against Christianization: Socio-Religious Movements in Magelang after the Java War

Main Article Content

Muhammad Fatkhan
Dudung Abdurrahman
Nurul Hak

Abstract

This paper explores the aftermath of the Java War on the socio-religious climate in Magelang. The rate of Christianization in that landscape accelerated following the war between the colonial regime and local residents. The discussion reconsiders the strategies of two leading figures of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) and Muhammadiyah in stemming Christianization in the 19th-century Magelang. The Christian missionary agenda in Magelang was accomplished by eliciting the community’s sympathy. The missionaries built public hospitals and churches for local residents and hence held the congress of Catholic political associations and De Gereformeerde zending in Midden-Java in Magelang. The Dutch government also issued various policies to suppress Islamic movements. This paper finds that Dalhar Abdurrahman and Ahmad Dahlan responded to the missionary agenda in Magelang with non-confrontational strategies. Dalhar divided the socio-religious landscape of Magelang into two regions, the South and the North, based on the situation of Christian development. Dalhar also build a pesantren in Watucongkol and initiated the foundation of the Magelang Branch of NU to coordinate Muslim reformists. Dahlan halted Christianization by establishing a modern educational institution called Kweekschool Islam in an effort to compete with Dutch schools in Magelang. Dahlan also frequently engaged in dialogues and debates with the Christian missionaries.

Article Details

How to Cite
Fatkhan, Muhammad, Dudung Abdurrahman, and Nurul Hak. “Against Christianization: Socio-Religious Movements in Magelang After the Java War”. ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin 23, no. 2 (January 16, 2023): 167–175. Accessed July 22, 2024. https://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/ushuluddin/esensia/article/view/3924.
Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Muhammad Fatkhan, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

Subject Areas: Islamic civilization; theology; philosophy

Dudung Abdurrahman, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

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Subject Areas: History of Islamic civilization; Methodology of historical inquiry

Nurul Hak, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

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Scopus id= 57224560853
Subject Areas: Islamic civilization; genealogy of Islamic knowledge; Indonesian studies

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