Anthropology of Civilization: Personal Reflection on Anthropological Approach in the Study of Muslim Societies in Southeast Asia (Antropologi Peradaban: Renungan Pribadi atas Pendekatan Antropologis dalam Studi tentang Masyarakat Islam di Asia Tenggara)

Mitsuo Nakamura
* Chiba University

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/esensia.v13i1.725

Abstract


Dalam konteks antropologi peradaban atau antropologi peradaban Islam di  Asia Tenggara, saya telah meneliti perkembangannya selama lebih dari 40 tahun. Sebagai contoh, setelah mengamati beberapa riset historis tentang perkotaan Indonesia, agaknya menarik untuk menulis tentang ‘Kotagede’ (atau lebih tepatnya Kuto Gede) yang seperti pemaparan Van Mook menyimpan keberadaan sejarah kota yang lebih tua daripada yang diteliti oleh Clifford Geertz di Modjokuto, Jawa Timur. Saya telah meneliti sejarah sosial kota di Jawa dengan membandingkannya dengan penelitian Geertz di Jawa Timur itu. Penelitian saya tentang Muhammadiyah di Kotagede menunjukkan posisi kritis tentang peran peneliti antropologi di Indonesia yang masih banyak menerapkan paradigm Geertz.

Keywords


Antropologi peradaban; Islam; Asia Tenggara; Kotagede; Clifford Geertz

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ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin

ISSN 1411-3775  |   E-ISSN 2548-4729

Accredited by the Deputy of Research and Development, The Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia, No. B/1796/E5.2/KI.02.00/2020.

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