The journal publishes peer-reviewed articles covering child growth and development, children's relations with family and society, developmental observation, assessment, educational environment and curriculum, health, safety, nutrition, professionalism, leadership, administration, and management.
It a multi-disciplinary and multi-sector approach. The Article analyzes conceptual developments, problems, trends, policies, and practices offering well-documented viewpoints and practical recommendations. Although the journal al-Athfal does not reject all aspects of child development and Education, several research areas are prioritized. Emphasis areas include:
Child education across cultures
Child Education in Islamic perspective
Multicultural and education for all
Theory, research, and practice, relating to the development of religion and culture-based concepts
Early Childhood Education innovation and technology
Qualitative and quantitative research and case studies