Efektifitas Permainan Bola dan Rintangan untuk Stimulasi Perkembangan Motorik Kasar Anak Usia 4-6 Tahun
Main Article Content
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the combination game between ball and obstacles to stimulate gross motorik development of children aged 4-6 years. This research is quantitative research with a quasi-experimental design using single group pre-test and post-test types. The object of study is children aged 4-6 years at RA Riyadussalihin Moyudan Sleman, and the total population is 41 children who are then taken all as research samples. The data collection method is based on the results of the test observations before being given treatment and the post-test results after being given treatment. Based on the study results, it was found that there was an effect of the application of the combination game of ball and obstacle on the gross motorik development of children aged 4-6 years. As evidenced by the statistical test results, they were 0.001 for the aspect of throwing strength, 0.019 for the accuracy of catching the ball, and 0.000 for the agility aspect of overcoming obstacles. The statistical test results of the three factors are overall smaller than 0.05. It means that there are differences in the pre-test and post-test results. The ball and obstacles game affects children's gross motor development. This research contributes to understanding the effectiveness of ball and obstacle games for stimulating children's gross motor development. It can be a reference for learning programs and fostering children's motor development.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Adolph, K. E., & Robinson, S. R. (2015). Motor Development. In Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science (pp. 1–45). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118963418.childpsy204
Agard, B., Zeng, N., McCloskey, M. L., Johnson, S. L., & Bellows, L. L. (2021). Moving together: Understanding parent perceptions related to physical activity and motor skill development in preschool children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(17). https://doi.org/10.3390/IJERPH18179196
Arikunto, S. (2013). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Rineka Cipta.
Bergin, C. A. C., & Bergin, D. A. (2015). Child and adolescent development in your classroom (Second). Cengage Learning.
Biringen, Z., Emde, R. N., Campos, J. J., & Appelbaum, M. I. (1995). Affective Reorganization in the Infant, the Mother, and the Dyad: The Role of Upright Locomotion and Its Timing. Child Development, 66(2), 499. https://doi.org/10.2307/1131593
Cook, T. D., & Campbell, D. T. (1979). Quasi-Experimentation: Design and Analysis Issues for Field Settings. Houghton Mifflin.
Fadlyana, E., Alisjahbana, A., Nelwan, I., Noor, M., Selly, & Sofiati, Y. (2003). Pola Keterlambatan Perkembangan Balita di Daerah Pedesaan dan Perkotaan Bandung, Serta Faktor-Faktor yang Mepengaruhinya. Sari Pediatri, 4(4), 168–175.
Febrianta, Y. (2016). Alternatif Mengembangkan Kemampuan Motorik Kasar Anak Usia Dini Dengan Aktivitas Akuatik (Berenang). Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak, 2(2), 85–95. http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/tarbiyah/alathfal/article/view/1269
Gesell Theory – Gesell Program in Early Childhood. (n.d.). Retrieved December 8, 2021, from https://www.gesell-yale.org/pages/gesell-theory
Golenia, L., Schoemaker, M. M., Otten, E., Mouton, L. J., & Bongers, R. M. (2017). What the Dynamic Systems Approach can offer for understanding development: An example of mid-childhood reaching. Frontiers in Psychology, 8(OCT), 1774. https://doi.org/10.3389/FPSYG.2017.01774/BIBTEX
Hadders-Algra, M. (2000). The Neuronal Group Selection Theory: a framework to explain variation in normal motor development. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 42(8), S0012162200001067. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0012162200001067
Hadders-Algra, M. (2010). Variation and Variability: Key Words in Human Motor Development. Physical Therapy, 90(12), 1823–1837. https://doi.org/10.2522/PTJ.20100006
Hadders-Algra, M. (2018). Early human motor development: From variation to the ability to vary and adapt. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 90, 411–427. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.NEUBIOREV.2018.05.009
Lestari, I., & Ratnaningsih, T. (2016). The Effects of Modified Games on the Development of Gross Motor Skill in Preschoolers. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE), 5(3), 216. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v5i3.4542
Machali, I. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif. Program Studi Manajemen Pendidikan Islam UIN Sunan Kalijaga.
Mutiah, D. (2015). Psikologi Bermain Anak Usia Dini. Kencana.
Parhoon, K., Parhoon, H., & Movallali, G. (2014). Effectiveness of Training Sensory Stimulation on Gross Motor Skills of 5-7 Years Old Children with Down Syndrome. International Journal of Academic Research in Psychology, 1(1), 18–27. https://doi.org/10.6007/IJARP/v1-i1/722
Permendikbud 137 tahun 2014 tentang Standar Nasional Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Pub. L. No. 137 (2014).
Santrock, J. W. (2007). Perkembangan Anak. Erlangga.
Sari, I. O. A., & ’Aziz, H. (2018). Meningkatkan Perkembangan Motorik Halus Anak Melalui Kegiatan 3M (Mewarnai, Menggunting, Menempel) dengan Metode Demonstrasi. Golden Age: Jurnal Ilmiah Tumbuh Kembang Anak Usia Dini, 3(3), 191–204. https://doi.org/10.14421/JGA.2018.33-05
Smith, L. B., & Thelen, E. (2003). Development as a dynamic system. Opinion TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences, 7(8), 343. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1364-6613(03)00156-6
Stone, S. J. (1993). Playing: A Kid’s Curriculum. Good Year Books.
Tedjasaputra, M. S. (2001). Bermain, Mainan, Permainan. Gramedia.
Thelen, E. (2005). Dynamic systems theory and the complexity of change. In Psychoanalytic Dialogues (Vol. 15, Issue 2, pp. 255–283). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.1080/10481881509348831
Utari, A. A., & Yeni, I. (2020). Pengaruh Tari Kreasi Terhadap Pengembangan Motorik Kasar Anak di Taman Kanak-kanak Kemala Bhayangkari 03 Alai. Golden Age: Jurnal Ilmiah Tumbuh Kembang Anak Usia Dini, 5(2), 57–62. https://doi.org/10.14421/JGA.2020.52-02
Zeng, N., Ayyub, M., Sun, H., Wen, X., Xiang, P., & Gao, Z. (2017). Effects of physical activity on motor skills and cognitive development in early childhood: A systematic review. In BioMed Research International (Vol. 2017). Hindawi Limited. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2760716