Intervensi Guru dalam Mengajarkan Daily Living Skills pada Anak Down Syndrome

  • Qonitah Faizatul Fitriyah Program Studi Pendidikan Islam Anak Usia Dini, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta
Keywords: intervention, daily living skills, down syndrome

Abstract

Daily living skills are an ability in someone in the field of independence in the form of daily activities. Daily living skills must be instilled early on. However, children with down syndrome must have specialized interventions so that children's living skills develop well. The purpose of this study is to describe teachers' intervention in teaching daily living skills in Ceria Demangan Kindergarten. The research method used is a case study. Data collection techniques used were observation and interviews. The subjects of this study were two students who have Down syndrome. The results of this study are individual interventions conducted in the form of habituation with routine activities, spontaneous activities, and modeling techniques, homogeneous group interventions in the form of leadership and daily pickets, and heterogeneous group interventions in the form of life skills-based learning. Individual interventions and group interventions were successfully applied to improve the living skills of children with Down syndrome in Ceria Demangan Kindergarten. Effective interventions used are individual interventions in the form of habituation and heterogeneous group interventions in the form of learning daily living skills.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adhani, D., Mayangsari, D. (2017). Mengajarkan Daily Living Skills pada Anak Usia 6 Tahun yang Menderita Retardasi Mental dengan Pendekatan Montessori. PEDAGOGI: Jurnal Anak Usia Dini dan Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 3 (3a), 52-60. http://dx.doi.org/10.30651/pedagogi.v3i3a.1033

Brue, A., Wilmshurt, L. (2016). Essential of Intellectual Disability Assessment and Identification. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Canella-Malone, H., Fleming, C., Chung, Y., Wheeler, G., Basbagill, A., & Singh, A. (2011). Teaching Daily Living Skills to Seven Individuals with Severe Intellectual Disabilities: A Comparison of Video Prompting to Video Modelling. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 13(3), 144-153. https://doi.org/10.1177/1098300710366593

Cunningham. (2006). Down Syndrome an Introduction for Parents and Career. London: Souvenir Press.

Dista, F. N. (2019). Penerapan Pendekatan Saintifik dalam Mengembangkan Berpikir Logis Anak Usia 5-6 Tahun di RA Takrimah Tungkop Aceh Besar. Al Athfal Jurnal Pendidikan Anak, 5(2), 217–236. http://dx.doi.org./10.14421/al-athfal.2019.52-07

Hapsari, C. K., & Hartiani, F. (2018). Penerapan Prinsip Modifikasi Perilaku untuk Disabilitas Intelektual Berat. Jurnal Psikologi, 17(2), 119–130. https://doi.org/10.14710/jp.17.2.119-130

Hasanah, N., Wibowo, N., Humaedi, S. Pola Pengasuhan Orang Tua dalam Upaya Pembentukan Kemandirian Anak Down Syndrome (Studi Deskriptif Pola Pengasuhan Orang Tua Pada Anak Down Syndrome yang bersekolah di kelas C1 SD-LB Yayasan Pembina Pendidikan Luar Biasa Bina Asih Cianjur). Share Social Work Journal, 5(1), 65-70. https://doi.org/10.24198/share.v5i1.13119

Hurlock, E. (2011). Psikologi Perkembangan: Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Laudardele-Littin, S., & Brennan, M. (2018). Evidence-based Practices in the Public School: The Role of preservice Teacher Training. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 10(3), 369-375. http://doi.org/10.26822/iejee.2018336195

Lee, N., Franco, V., Godfrey, M., Hamner, T. (2019). Young Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Intellectual Disabilities. Reference Module in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology, 455-461. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-809324-5.23576-1

Lipkin, P., Okamoto, J. (2015). The Individual with Disabilities Eduaction Act (IDEA) for children with Special Education Needs. Pediatrics, 136(6), e1650-e1662. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2015-3409

Mannix, D. (2009). Life Skills Activities for Secondary Students with Special Needs Second Edition. Jossey-Bass.

Marchal, J., Stam, H., Houtzager, B., Rutgers, S., Oostrom, K., Grootenhuis, M., & Trotsenburg, A. S. (2016). Growing up with Down Syndrome: Development from 6 months to 10.7 Years. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 59, 437-450. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2016.09.019

Maritska, Z., Abdurrahman, F., Prananjaya, A., Parisa, N., & Triwani, P. (2018). Down Syndrome: Through the Eyes of the Parents. Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Publikasi Ilmiah Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya, 5(3), 138-142. https://doi.org/10.32539/JKK.v5i3.6316

Marta, R. (2017). Penanganan Kognitif Down Syndrome melalui Metode Puzzle pada Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Obsesi, 1(1), 32–41. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v1i1.29

Morisson. (2016). Dasar-dasar Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini dalam Berbagai Pendekatan. Jakarta: PT. Indeks.

Peter-Scheffer, N., Korzilius, H., Didden, R., & Verhoeven, L. (2018). Understanding of Intentions in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability. Adcances in Neurodevelopmental, 2(1), 3-15. http://doi.org/10.1007/s41252-017-0052-2

Ohtake, Y. (2015). Using a Hero as a Model in Video Instruction to Improve the Daily Living Skills of an Elementary-aged Student with Autism Spectrum Disorder : A Pilot Study. International Jounal of Disablity, Development, and Education. 62(4), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/1034912X.2015.1027179

Rakap, S. (2019). Re-visitting Transition-based Teaching: Impact of Pre-service Teacher's Implementation on Chid Outcomes. Learning and Instruction, 59, 54-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2018.10.001

Ranuh, S. (2015). Tumbuh Kembang Anak Edisi 2. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Raspa, M., Franco, V., Bishop, E., Wheeler, A. C., Wylie, A., & Bailey, D. B. (2018). Research in Developmental Disabilities A comparison of functional academic and daily living skills in males with fragile X syndrome with and without autism. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 78, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2018.04.024

Rina, A. (2016). Meningkatkan Life Skills pada Anak Down Syndrome dengan Teknik Modelling. Persona: Jurnal Psikologi Indonesia, 5(3), 215–225. https://doi.org/10.30996/persona.v5i03.851

Santrock. (2008). Perkembangan Anak Jilid I. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Sukmadinata. (2017). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosda Karya.

Suryana. (2016). PAUD Stimulasi dan Aspek Perkembangan Anak. Jakarta: Kencana.

Will, E., Gerlach-McDonald, B., Fidler, D., & Daunhauer, L. (2016). Impact of Maladaptive Behavior on School Function in Down Syndrome. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 59, 328-337. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2016.08.018

Wu, J., Chen K., Ma, Y., & Vomocilova, J. (2020). Early Intervention for Children with Intellectual and Developmental Disability Using Drama Therapy Techniques. Children and Youth Services Review, 109, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.104689

Wu, P., Cannella-malone, H. I., Wheaton, J. E., & Tullis, C. A. (2016). Using Video Prompting With Different Fading Procedures to Teach Daily Living Skills : A Preliminary Examination. Hammill Institute on Disabilities, 31(2), 129-139. https://doi.org/10.1177/1088357614533594

Wynkoop, K., Robertson, R., & Schwartz, R. (2017). The Effects of Two Video Modeling Interventions on the Independent Living Skills of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability. Journal of Special Education Technology, 33(3), 145-158. http://doi.org/10.1177/0162643417746149

Published
2020-06-25
How to Cite
Faizatul Fitriyah, Q. (2020). Intervensi Guru dalam Mengajarkan Daily Living Skills pada Anak Down Syndrome. Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak, 6(1), 41-54. https://doi.org/10.14421/al-athfal.2020.61-04
Section
Articles