Fostering Early Childhood Attachment: The Impact of Caregiver Relationships in Islamic Boarding School Education

Authors

  • Lailatu Rohmah Department of Islamic Early Childhood Education, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Komareeyah Sulong Sekolah Songserm Islam Seksa, Pattani, Thailand

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14421/al-athfal.2023.92-03

Keywords:

The role of attachment, Students age early, Education boarding school

Abstract

Purpose – This study aimed to explore the role of attachment in the educational context of early childhood students (santri) residing and learning in Pesantren Mambaul Hisan, Indonesia. The research sought to investigate the attachment dynamics between 5- and 6-year-old santri and their caregivers, including its impact on cognitive and socio-emotional development.

Design/methods/approach – This research adopted a qualitative case study approach, employing in-depth interviews, participant observation, and careful document analysis. The sample was selected purposively and consisted of 24 early childhood santri, 2 Islamic boarding school leaders, and 5 caregivers. Data were analyzed to understand the role of secure attachment in attaining Islamic boarding school educational goals.

Findings – The study revealed that secure attachment among early childhood santri fostered comfortable communication, enhanced cognitive development, and promoted socio-emotional growth. The secure attachment of these young students played a positive role in achieving the educational objectives of the pesantren. This research contributed to the existing knowledge on the psychology of early childhood santri, socio-emotional development, and attachment in an Islamic boarding school context, enriching our understanding of the role of passion in Islamic boarding school education.

Research implications/limitations – The findings of this study have important implications for improving the quality of early childhood education in Islamic boarding school settings. It underscores the significance of fostering secure attachment and the potential benefits of implementing attachment-based strategies in the education of young santri. 

Practical implications – Understanding the role of attachment in Islamic boarding school education for young children can inform the development of more effective educational strategies and support systems.

Originality/value – This study adds a novel perspective by examining the role of attachment in the context of Islamic boarding school education for early childhood students.

Paper type Research paper

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alamos, P., & Williford, A. P. (2018). I am exploring dyadic teacher–child interactions, emotional security, and task engagement in preschool children displaying externalizing behaviors. Social Development, 29, 339–355. https://doi.org/10.1111/sode.12403

Aly, A. (2011). Pendidikan Islam Multikultural di Pesantren; Telaah terhadap Kurikulum Pondok Pesantren Modern Islam Assalam Surakarta. Pustaka Pelajar.

Amin, M., Kristiana, D., & Fadlilah, M. (2021). Pengaruh kelekatan aman anak pada ibu terhadap kemandirian anak usia 5-6 tahun. Jurnal Obsesi; Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 5(1), 127–134. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v5i1.504

Bademci, H. Ö., Warfa, N., Vural, N. B., Karadayi, E. F., Yurt, S., & Karasa, S. (2019). Teachers’ perceptions of an attachment-informed psychosocial program for school children with social and emotional problems in Istanbul, Turkey: Theory & practice. Journal of Social Work Practice, 34 (1), 53-65. https://doi.org/10.1080/02650533.2019.1611550

Bashori, K. (2003). Problem Psikologis Kaum Santri Risiko Insekuritas Kelekatan. FKBA.

Beaty, J. J. (2013). Observasi Perkembangan Anak Usia Dini. Edisi Ketujuh. Terj. Arif Rakhman. Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Bergin, C. C., & Bergin, D. A. (2015). Child and Adolescence Development in Your Classroom, Second Edition. Cengage Learning.

Biddle, K. A. G., Nevarez, A. G., Henderson, W. J. R., & Kerrick, A. V. (2014). Early Childhood Education Becoming a Professional. Sage Publications.

Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment and Loss. Volume I Second Edition. Basic Books.

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77–101. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa

Cassidy, J., Jones, J. D., & Shaver, P. R. (2013). Contributions of attachment theory and research: A framework for future research, translation, and policy. Development and Psychopathology, 25, 1415–1434. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579413000692

Commodari, E. (2013). Preschool teacher attachment, school readiness and risk of learning difficulties. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 28(1), 123–133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2012.03.004

Cresswell, J. W. (2019). Research Design Pendekatan Metode Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, dan Campuran (Ahmad Fawaid & Rianayati Kusmini Pancasari, Eds.). Pustaka Pelajar.

Dhofier, Z. (2011). Tradisi Pesantren Studi tentang Pandangan Hidup Kiai dan Visinya Mengenai Masa Depan Indonesia. LP3ES.

Elicker, J., Englund, M., & Sroufe, L. A. (1992). Predicting childhood peer competence and peer relationships from early parent-child relationships. In Family peer relationships: Modes of linkage (pp. 77–106). Erlbaum.

Fatah, R. A. (2005). Rekonstruksi Pesantren Masa Depan (dari Tradisional, Modern, hingga post Modern). Listafariska Putra.

Fatkhurohmah, D., Karim, M. B., & Nisa, T. F. (2019). Kelekatan Anak Keluarga Tenaga Kerja Wanita. Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak, 5(2), 199–216. https://doi.org/10.14421/al-athfal.2019.52-06

Fuaturosida, R. (2013). Attachment anak usia dini di pondok pesantren. Jurnal Psikoislamika, 10(2), 16-20. https://doi.org/10.18860/psi.v10i2.6366

Geddes, H. (2006). Attachment in The Classroom. The links between children’s early experience, emotional wellbeing and performance in school. Worth Publishing.

Ghozali, I. (2020). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif Analisis Data Kualitatif dengan Program NVIVO 12. Semarang: Yoga Pratama.

Hasanah, I., Fithriyah, I., & Mufrihah, A. (2021). Perkembangan Psikoseksual Santri pada Usia Dini. Edu Consilium Jurnal BK Pendidikan Islam, 2(1), 21–35. https://doi.org/10.19105/ec.v2i1.4270

Howes, C. & Ritchie. (2002). A Matter of trust: Connecting teachers and learners in the early childhood classroom. Teachers College Press.

Jong, W. D., & Jong, A. D. (2019). Anak-anak yang Bermasalah dalam Pendidikan Masalah Trauma dan Kelekatan di dalam Kelas. Prenada Media Group.

Khoiruddin, M. A., & Susiati, A. (2020). Perkembangan Sosial Emosional Anak Usia Dini di Pondok Pesantren Tahfidz Hidayatul Muta’allimin. Indonesian Journal of Islamic Education Studies (IJIES), 3(2), 179-193. https://doi.org/10.33367/ijies.v3i2.1355

Lifshin, U., Kleinerman, I. B., Shaver, P., & Mikulincer, M. (2019). Teachers’ attachment orientations and children’s school adjustment: Evidence from a longitudinal study of first graders. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 37(2), 559-580. https://doi.org/10.1177/02654075198748

Ludolph, P. S., & Dale, M. (2012). Attachment in child custody: An additive factor, not a determinative one. Family Law Quarterly, 46, 1–40. http://www.jstor.org/stable/23240374

Madjid, N. (1997). Bilik-bilik Pesantren Sebuah Potret Perjalanan. Paramadina.

Mastuhu. (1994). Dinamika Sistem Pendidikan Pesantren, suatu Kajian tentang Unsur dan Nilai Sistem Pendidikan Pesantren. INIS.

Meins, E. (1998). The effect of security of attachment and maternal attribution of meaning on children’s linguistic acquisitional style. Infant Behavior and Development, 21, 237–252. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0163-6383(98)90004-2

Morrison, G. S. (2017). Dasar-dasar Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini (PAUD). PT Indeks.

Moss, E., & St. Lauren, D. (2001). Attachment at School Age and Academic Performance. Developmental Psychology, 37, 863–874. https://doi.org/10.1037//0012-1649.37.6.863

Muniroh, S. M. (2014). Psikologi Santri Usia Dini. Jurnal Penelitian, 11(1), 146–171. http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/Penelitian/article/view/418

Obeldobel, C. A., & Kerns, K. A. (2019). Attachment security is associated with the experience of specific positive emotions in middle childhood. Attachment & Human Development, 22(5), 555-567 https://doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2019.1604775

Peraturan Menteri Agama Nomor 30 Tahun 2020 Tentang Pendirian dan Penyelenggaraan Pesantren. (2020).

Peraturan Menteri Agama Nomor 31 Tahun 2020 Tentang Pendidikan Pesantren. (2020).

Pianta, R. C., Nimetz, S. L., & Bennett, E. (1997). Mother-child relationships, teacher-child relationships, and school outcomes in preschool and kindergarten. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 12(3), 263–280. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0885-2006(97)90003-X

Robinson, M. (2011). Understanding behaviour and development in early childhood: A guide to theory and practice. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Sanusi, U. (2013). Jiwa Kemandirian Santri Indonesia. Deepublish.

Sary, Y. N. E., & Iriyani, T. (2022). Hubungan Pengasuhan Nenek dengan Kemandirian Anak Usia Dini pada Suku Madura. Jurnal Obsesi: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 6(6), 5558–5563. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v6i6.2863

Schneider, B. H., Atkinson, L., & Tardif, C. (2001). Child-parent attachment and children’s peer relations: A quantitative review. Developmental Psychology, 37(1), 86–100. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.37.1.86

Smith, P. K. (2003). Mastery Motivation in Early Childhood. Routledge.

Suyadi. (2019). Psikologi Pedagogik Imunologi Pesantren TK: Studi Multikasus di Pesantren TK di Yogyakarta. Addin, 13(1), 57-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/addin.v13i1.3510

Svanberg, P. O., Mennet, L., & Spieker, S. (2010). Promoting a Secure Attachment: A Primary Prevention Practice Model. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 15(3), 363–378. https://doi.org/10.1177/135910451036758

Thompson, R. A. (2011). Attachment Relationships in Early Head Start Families. Attachment & Human Development, 13(1), 91–98. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2010.503578

Tsigilis, N., Gregoriadis, A., & Grammatikopoulos, V. (2017). Evaluating the Student-Teacher Relationship Scale in the Greek Educational Setting: An Item Parcelling Perspective. Research Paper in Education, 33(4), 414-426. https://doi.org/10.1080/02671522.2017.1353675

Ulwan, Abdullah. N. (2012). Pendidikan Anak dalam Islam. Penerbit Insan Kamil Solo.

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 18 Tahun 2019 Tentang Pesantren. (2019).

Waters, E., & Cummings, E. M. (2000). A secure base to explore close relationships. Child Development, 71(1), 164–172. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00130

Waters, H. S. (2019). Commentary: The Link Between Attachment and Social Competence in Early Childhood. Attachment & Human Development, 21(3), 307-311. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2019.1575552

Watson, M. (2003). Attachment Theory and Challenging Behavior: Reconstructing the Nature of Relationships. Young Children, 58(4), 12–20. http://www.jstor.org/stable/42728950

Wentzel, K. R., & Miele, D. B. (2016). Handbook of Motivation at School. Routledge.

Yasid, A. (2018). Paradigma Baru Pesantren menuju Pendidikan Islam Transformatif. IRCiSoD.

Ziamek, M. (1985). Pesantren dan Perubahan Sosial. LP3ES.

Downloads

Published

2023-12-28

How to Cite

Rohmah, L., & Sulong, K. (2023). Fostering Early Childhood Attachment: The Impact of Caregiver Relationships in Islamic Boarding School Education . Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak, 9(2), 103–114. https://doi.org/10.14421/al-athfal.2023.92-03

Issue

Section

Articles