The Relation of Animism and Diversity in Pinrang District (A Theological Study of Bulu’ Nene’)

Muliati Muliati
* STAIN Parepare

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14421/esensia.v19i1.1492

Abstract


This paper discusses The Relation of Animism and Diversity in Pinrang Society (Theological Study on the Bulu’ Nene’). This study aims at unfolding the relation of animistic belief of Bulu’ Nene’ in Pinrang society. The type of this research is field research which is descriptive qualitative in character and using several approaches such as juridical, theological normative, sociological, and historical approach. The data collection techniques are observation, interview, documentation, and triangulation. This research found several things: Firstly, the Bulu’ Nene’ animistic belief in Pinrang society greatly influences their life. They believe that it is one of the reasonable places to pray to God since Bulu’ Nene’ was a saint and his prayers were accepted by God during his lifetime. Secondly, Islam’s view of Bulu’ Nene’ in Pinrang put it as an imaginary belief. Islam does not justify it because it was categorized as believing in more than one God (shirik) and the person who does that is called a polytheist. Thirdly, strategies and approaches in handling the Bulu’ Nene’ in Pinrang society is by giving direction to the visitors through recitation, reproducing dhikr more and explaining that what they did is very contrary to the teachings of Islam and may result in becoming polytheists.

[Artikel ini membahas seputar Relasi Pemahaman Kepercayaan Animisme Terhadap Keberagaman Masyarakat Kabupaten Pinrang (Suatu Kajian Teologi Terhadap Bulu’ Nene’). Tujuannya adalah untuk mengetahui Relasi Pemahaman kepercayaan Animisme masyarakat Kabupaten Pinrang terhadap Bulu’ Nene’. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian lapangan (Field research) yang bersifat deskriptif kualitatif, pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan yuridis, teologis normatif, sosiologis, dan sejarah. Adapun teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan metode observasi, wawancara/interview, dokumentasi, dan trianggulasi. Hasil penelitian yang ditemukan: Pertama, Bentuk kepercayaan animisme Bulu’ Nene’ masyarakat di Kabupaten Pinrang sangat besar pengaruhnya terhadap hidup masyarakat, karena didalamnya mengandung suatu keyakinan bahwa dia adalah salah satu tempat yang wajar ditempati untuk memohon doa kepada Tuhan karena beliau adalah suci dan makbul doanya semasa hidupnya. Kedua, Tinjauan Islam terhadap kepercayaan animisme Bulu’ Nene’ masyarakat Kabupaten Pinrang, adalah suatu kepercayaan hayal belaka. Islam tidak membenarkannya, sebab hal itu termasuk syirik (menyekutukan Allah swt), orang yang menjalankannya disebut musyrik. Ketiga, Strategi dan pendekatan dalam penanggulangan kepercayaan animisme Bulu’ Nene’ Masyarakat Kabupaten Pinrang yaitu memberikan pengarahan kepada pengunjung lewat pengajian, memperbanyak berzikir dan menjelaskan  bahwa apa yang dilakukannya sangat bertentangan dengan ajaran Islam dan bisa mengakibatkan menjadi musyrik.]


Keywords


Relation of Beliefs; Animism; Diversity; Society; Bulu’ Nene’

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Qur ’anul Karim

Abdurrahman, Moeslim. Agama Sebagai Kritik Sosial di Tengah Arus Kapitalisme Global. Cet. I; Yokyakarta: IRCiSoD, 2006.

Asy-Syahrastani, bin Abdul Karim, Muhammad. Al-Milal wa Al Nihal, diterjemahkan oleh Asywadie Syukur Edisi Lengkap, Surabaya: PT Bina Ilmu. T. Th.

Bakhtiar, Amsal. Filsafat Agama Wisata Pemikiran dan Kepercayaan Manusia. Cet. II; Jakarta: Rajawali Pres, 2009.

Kementerian,.Agama RI Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahnya. (Jakarta: PT. Sinergi Pustaka Indonesia, 2011.

Hadiwijono, Harun. Relegi Suku Murba, di Indonesia. Jakarta: BPK, Gunung Mulia, 1985.

Jamadi, Yunus. “Bulu’ Nene’” Suatu Studi Tentang Kepercayaan Masyarakat di Desa Kaballangan Kec. Duampanua Kabupaten Pinrang” Dipublikasikan Fakultas Ushuluddin IAIN Alauddin Ujung Pandang, 1985.

J. Moleong, Lexy. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Cet. XXIX; Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya, 2011.

L. Pals, Danil. Seven Theories of Religion, terj. Inyiak Ridwan Muzir M. Syukri, Tujuh Teori Agama Paling Komprehensif. Cet. I; Yogyakarta: 2011.

M. Nuh, Nuhrison, Aliran/Paham Keagamaan dan Sufisme Perkotaan, Cet. I; Jakarta: CV. Prasasti, 2009.

Nasution, Harun. Filsafat Agama. Cet. 5: Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1987.

Pendidikan Nasional, Departemen. Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia Pusat Bahasa. Cet. I; Edisi IV. Jakarta: PT Gramedia, 2008.

Quraish Shihab. Wawasan Al-Qur’an. Bandung: Mizan. 1996.

Sugiyono, Metode Penelitian Kombinasi (Mixed Methods. Cet. I; Bandung: Alfabeta, 2011.

_______, Sugiyono, Memahami Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Alfabeta, 2005.

Weber, Max. Essays in Sosiology. Penerjemah Noorkholish. Sosiologi. Cet. II; Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar Offset, 2009.

_______, Essays from Max Weber. Abdul Qadir Shaleh. Cet. I; Yogyakarta: IRCiSoD. 2002.

Nanang Martono. Sosiologi Perubahan Sosial Perspertif Klasik, Modern, Posmodern, dan Poskolonial. Cet. I; Jakarta: Rajawali Pres, 2011.

Abdurrahman, Moeslim. Religion as a Social Critique Amid the Flow of Global Capitalism. Cet. I; Yokyakarta: IRCiSoD, 2006.

Asy-Syahrastani, bin Abdul Karim, Muhammad. Al-Milal wa Al Nihal, translated by Asywadie Syukur Complete Edition, Surabaya: PT Bina Ilmu. T. Th.

Bakhtiar, Proverbs. Philosophy of Religion Tourism Thoughts and Human Beliefs . Cet. II; Jakarta: Rajawali Pres, 2009.

Ministry of RI, Al-Qur’an and its Translation. (Jakarta: PT Synergy Pustaka Indonesia, 2011.

Hadiwijono, Aaron. Relief of the Murba Tribe, in Indonesia. Jakarta: BPK, Gunung Mulia, 1985.

Jamadi, Jonah. “Feather ‘Nene’ “ A Study Of Community Trust in Village Kaballangan Kec. Duampanua Pinrang District “Published Faculty Ushuluddin IAIN Alauddin Ujung Pandang, 1985.

J. Moleong, Lexy. Qualitative Research Methodology. Cet. XXIX; Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya, 2011.

L. Pals, Danil. Seven Theories of Religion, trans. Inyiak Ridwan Muzir M. Syukri, The Seven The Most Comprehensive Theory of Religion. Cet. I; Yogyakarta: 2011.

M. Noah, Nuhrison, Flow/Religiousism and Urban Sufism, Cet. I; Jakarta: CV. Inscription, 2009.

Nasution, Aaron. Philosophy of Religion. Cet. 5: Jakarta: Star Month, 1987.

National Education, Department. Indonesian Language Center General Dictionary. Cet. I; Issue IV. Jakarta: PT Gramedia, 2008.

Quraish Shihab. Insights of the Qur’an. Bandung: Mizan. 1996.

Sugiyono, Combination Research Method (Mixed Methods Cet. I, Bandung: Alfabeta, 2011.

_______, Sugiyono, Understanding Qualitative Research. Bandung: Alfabeta, 2005.

Weber, Max. Essays in Sociology. Translator Noorkholish. Sociology. Cet. II; Yogyakarta: Offset Student Library, 2009.

_______, Essays from Max Weber. Abdul Qadir Shaleh. Cet. I; Yogyakarta: IRCiSoD. 2002.

Nanang Martono. Sociology of Classical, Modern, Posmodern and Postcolonial Social Change. Cet. I; Jakarta: Rajawali Pres, 2011.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Muliati Muliati

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ESENSIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Ushuluddin

ISSN 1411-3775  |   E-ISSN 2548-4729

Accredited by the Deputy of Research and Development, The Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia, No. B/1796/E5.2/KI.02.00/2020.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under
a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).