Deradicalization of Religion Through Pluralism Education Methods in Jembrana Bali

  • Made Saihu Institut PTIQ Jakarta
Keywords: Methods, Pluralism, Tolerance, Contribution, Enrichment, Decision Making and Social Action

Abstract

Deradicalization through education is one of the main agendas in counteracting the massive spread of radicalism in Indonesia. This study aims to describe the effectiveness of the religious pluralism education method from the perspective of "Allison Cumming-McCann" at SMPN 4 and SMAN 1 Negara Jembrana to implement deradicalization. This study uses a qualitative method with the type of case study (multiple cases). Data were obtained through observation and unstructured interviews. This study's results indicate that the optimization of several religious pluralism education methods of "Allison Cumming-McCann" is in the form of contribution, enrichment, and decision-making & social action methods. Even though Muslims' position in the two educational institutions is a minority, this optimization is expected to strengthen harmonious relations between students of different religions and cultures. To a certain extent, there is also active involvement between students to prepare for each religious ceremony. This study provides an example of a pluralism educational model in a multicultural environment in the deradicalization effort through education.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Acar-Ciftci, Yasemin. “Multicultural Education and Approaches to Teacher Training.” Journal of Education and Learning 4, no. 8 (2019): 136–52.

Allison, and Cumming-McCann. “Multicultural EducationConnecting Theory to Practice, Focus on Basics.” National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy (NCSALL) 6, no. B (2003): 1–14.

Atmadja, Nengah Bawa. Ajeg Bali: Gerakan, Identitas Kultural, Dan Globalisasi. Yogyakarta: LKiS Yogyakarta, 2010.

Azra, Azyumardi. “Paham Radikal Di Kampus Kita.” Majalah Tempo, 2018.

———. “Pluralisme Agama Dan Multikulturalisme: Usaha Mencari Perekat Sosial.” In Reinvensi Islam Multikultural, 118. Surakarta: PSB-PS UMS, 2005.

Budiwanti, E. The Crescent Behind The Thousand Holy Temples. An Ethnographic Study of the Minority Muslims of Pegayaman North Bali. Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada Press, 1995.

Burhanuddin, Yudhis M. Bali Yang Hilang; Don’t Let Bali Alone Againt Terorism. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2012.

Chaer, Moh. Toriqul. “Islam Dan Pendidikan Cinta Damai.” ISTAWA 2, no. 1 (2016): 73–94.

Cope, Jonathan T. “The Reconquista Student: Critical Information Literacy, Civics, and Confronting Student Intolerance.” Communications in Information Literacy 11, no. 2 (2017): 264–82. doi:10.15760/comminfolit.2017.11.2.2.

David. A Winter and Guillem Feixas. “Frontiers of Psychology.” In Toward Constructivist Model of Radicalization and the Radicalization: A Conceptual and Methodological Proposal, 11, 2019.

Dolgon, Corey, and Reuben Roth. “Twenty-First-Century Workers’ Education in North America: The Defeat of the Left or a Revitalized Class Pedagogy?” Labor Studies Journal 41, no. 1 (2016): 89–113. http://ezp.slu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&AN=114781399&site=eds-live%0A10.1177/0160449X16634575.

Hikam, Muhammad A.S. Deradikalisasi Peran Masyarakat Sipil Membendung Radikalisme. Jakarta: Kompas, 2016.

Karim, M. Abdul. “‘Toleransi Umat Beragama Di Desa Loloan, Jembrana, Bali.’” Analisis XVI, no. 1 (2016): 1–30.

Kebudayaan, Kementerian Pendidikan dan. Silabus Mata Pelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam Dan Budi Pekerti. Jakarta: Kemenbud RI, 2016.

Koehler, Daniel. “How and Why We Should Take Deradicalization Seriously.” Nature Human Behaviour, 2017. doi:10.1038/s41562-017-0095.

Lee, Megan, and Kieran Egan. “Getting It Wrong from the Beginning: Our Progressive Inheritance from Herbert Spencer, John Dewey, and Jean Piaget.” Canadian Journal of Education / Revue Canadienne de l’éducation 27, no. 2/3 (2002): 327. doi:10.2307/1602232.

Machali, Imam. “Peace Education Dan Deradikalisasi Agama.” Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 2, no. 1 (2013): 41–64. doi:10.14421/jpi.2013.21.41-64.

Merriam, Sharan B. Qualitative Research: A Guide to Design and Implementation. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series. Vol. 2nd. USA: The Jossey-Bass, 2009. doi:10.1097/NCI.0b013e3181edd9b1.

Mulyana, Dedi. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif: Paradigma Baru Ilmu Komunikasi Dan Ilmu Sosial Lainnya. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya, 2002.

Mutch, Carol. “Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theory and Methods [Book Review].” Qualitative Research Journal 6, no. 1 (2006): 92–100.

Nordolt, Henk Schulte. The Spell of Power: A History of Balinese Politics 1650-1940. Leiden: KITLV, 1996.

Pageh, I Made. “Faktor Integratif Nyama Bali-Nyama Selam: Model Kerukunan Masyarakat Pada Era Otonomi Daerah Di Bali.” Jurnal Kajian Bali 3, no. 1 (2013): 191–206.

Robertson, Ian. Sociology. New York: Worth Publisher, 1977.

Romdhoni, Ali. “Mengintip Aktivitas Masyarakat Loloan Timur Bali.” Amanat, 2004.

Rosyada, Dede. Madrasah Dan Profesionalisme Guru Dalam Arus Dinamika Pendidikan Islam Di Era Otonomi Daerah. Jakarta: Kencana, 2017.

Rozak, Abdul, Reza Pahlevi Dalimunthe, and Asep Supianudin. “Preventing Radicalism and Managing Cultural Diversity in Transmigration Areas in Indonesia.” International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology 8, no. 8 (2017): 1068–80.

Sabarudin, & Arif, M. “Kerukunan Hidup Antar Umat Beragama Berbasis Kearifan Lokal Di Kampung Loloan, Jembrana, Bali.” Jurnal Sosiologi Reflektif 14, no. 1 (2019): 1.

Saihu, Abd. Aziz, Fatkhul Mubin, Ahmad Zain Sarnoto. “Design of Islamic Education Based on Local Wisdom: An Analysis of Social Learning Theories in Forming Character through Ngejot Tradition in Bali.” International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology 29, no. 6 (2020): 1278–93.

Saihu, Kidup Supriyadi, Karmawan, Fatkhul Mubin. “Religious Pluralism Education in Bali Indonesia: Study on Cultural and Religious Integration in Completing Contemporary Social Conflicts.” International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology 29, no. 7 (2020): 3761–70.

Saihu. “Pendidikan Karakter Berbasis Kearifan Lokal (Studi Di Jembrana Bali).” Edukasi Islami: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 8, no. 1 (2019): 69–90.

Saihu, Made. Merawat Pluralisme Merawat Indonesia: Potret Pendidikan Pluralisme Agama Di Jembrana-Bali. Yogyakarta: DEEPPUBLISH, 2019.

Saihu, and Cemal Sahin. “The Harmonious Dialectics Between Hindu-Muslim in Bali (A Study in Jembrana Regency).” Religia Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman 80, no. 1 (2020): 56–80.

Sastrodiwiryo, S. “Beberapa Faktor Penting Dalam Hubungan Hindu-Islam Di Bali: Sebuah Tinjauan Historis.” In Bali Di Persimpangan Jalan: Sebuah Bunga Rampai. Nusa Data Indo Budaya, 1995.

Suwito. Sejarah Sosial Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Kencana, 2008.

Syafrudin Muhtamar, Muhammad Asri, M. Arifin Hamid, Zulkipli Aspan. “Substantial Position of Constitution as Human Nature to the Existence of State in Modern Civilization.” Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization 82, no. 92–111 (2019). doi:10.7176/jlpg/82-12.

Syam, Mohammad Noor. Filsafat Pendidikan Dan Dasar Filsafat Pendidikan Pancasila. Surabaya: Usaha Nasional, 1984.

Vickers, Adrian. “Hinduism and Islam in Indonesia: Bali and the Pasisir World.” Indonesia 44 (1987): 31–58.

Young, Holly F., Magda Rooze, and Jorien Holsappel. “Translating Conceptualizations Into Practical Suggestions: What the Literature on Radicalization Can Offer to Practitioners.” Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology 21, no. 2 (2015): 220–21.

Interview with Drs. Putu Prapta Arya, M.Pd, on 11th November 2018

Interview with Hj. Atikah, on 11th November 2018

Interview with I Made Mardika, S.Ag, on 11th November 2018.

Interview with Hj. Atikah, on 11th Nopember 2018.

Interview with Hj. Sri Mahayatin, S.Pd,I, on 13th November 2018.

Interview with Hj. Sri Mahatin, S.Pd.I, on 20th February 2019.

Interview with Muhammad Fatih, on 20th March 2019.

Interview with Hj, Sri Mahayati, on 20th February 2019.

Published
2020-06-29
How to Cite
Made Saihu. (2020). Deradicalization of Religion Through Pluralism Education Methods in Jembrana Bali. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 9(1), 105-128. https://doi.org/10.14421/jpi.2020.91.105-128