Islamic Education: The Main Path of Islamization in Southeast Asia

  • Nurbaiti Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: Islamic Education, Islamization, Southeast Asia, Politics, Islamic school

Abstract

The debate about the arrival of Islam in Southeast Asia is usually related to three main issues, i.e., the time and place of origin of the arrival of Islam, and the person who brought the religion. At least, there are four main theories about the origins of Islam in the Archipelago, which are debated in discussing the arrival, spread, and Islamization of the Archipelago, i.e., “Indian Theory,” “Arabic Theory,” “Persian Theory,” and “Chinese Theory.” This study intends to examine the main pathway of Islamization through Islamic Education in Southeast Asia, then the political development of Islamic Education in Southeast Asia, and the challenges faced by Islamic schools in Southeast Asia. This research uses a qualitative method with the type of literature study. The results showed, first, that trade and ulama were moderating variables at the beginning of Islamization in the Archipelago, while the primary variable was Islamic Education taught by Ulama and traders who came to this region to the local population. Second, the development of Islamic Education is different from one country to another. This is undoubtedly influenced by the geographical location, the culture of society, to politics that influenced the existence of these differences. Third, school development, especially in Indonesia, is understood as a social movement that did not only succeed in educating students but also formed a network of social ideologies that would later influence social transformation, even national development. The implications of this study provide a deeper understanding of the History and dynamics of Islamic Education in Southeast Asia.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Al-’Aṭṭās, S.M. Naguib. Islam dalam Sejarah dan Kebudayaan Melayu. Kuala Lumpur: UKM, 1972.

———. Preliminary Statement on a General Theory of the Islamization of Malay-Indonesian Archipelago. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, 1969.

Amin, Faizal, and Rifki Abror Ananda. “Kedatangan dan Penyebaran Islam di Asia Tenggara: Telaah Teoritik Tentang Proses Islamisasi Nusantara.” Analisis: Jurnal Studi Keislaman 18, no. 2 (March 1, 2019): 67–100. doi:10.24042/ajsk.v18i2.3069.

Arifin, Muhammad, and Khadijah Binti Mohd Khambali. “Islam dan Akulturasi Budaya Lokal di Aceh (Studi Terhadap Ritual Rah Ulei di Kuburan dalam Masyarakat Pidie Aceh).” Jurnal Ilmiah Islam Futura 15, no. 2 (February 1, 2016): 251. doi:10.22373/jiif.v15i2.545.

Arnold, T.W. The Preaching of Islam: A History of the Propagation of the Muslim Faith. Lahore: Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1975.

Azra, Azyumardi. Edisi Perenial Jaringan Ulama Timur Tengah dan Kepulauan Nusantara Abad VII dan XVIII: Akar Pembaruan Islam Indonesia. Jakarta: Kencana Prenadamedia Group, 2013.

———. Jaringan Ulama Timur Tengah dan Kepulauan Nusantara Abad XVII dan XVIII M. Bandung: Mizan, 1999.

Crawfurd, John. History of Indian Archipelago. Edinburg, 1820.

Drewes, G.J. W. “New Light on the Coming of Islam to Indonesia?” In Readings on Islam in Southeast Asia, edited by A. Ibrahim, S. Siddique, and Y. Hussein. Singapore: ISEAS, 1985.

Fāṭimī, S.Q. Islam Comes to Malaysia. Singapura: Malaysian Sociological Research Institute, 1963.

G. E. Marrison. “The Coming of Islam to the East Indies.” Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 24, no. 1 (1951): 28–37. doi:10.2307/41502969.

Hall, D. G.E. “Looking at Southeast Asian History.” The Journal of Asian Studies 19, no. 3 (1960): 243–53. doi:10.2307/2943485.

Hall, D.G.E. A History of South-East Asia. London: Macmillan, 1964.

Harrison, Brian. South-East Asia, A Short History. London, 1957.

Hefner, Robert. Making Modern Muslims: The Politics and Cultures of Islamic Education in Southeast Asia. United States: University of Hawai’i Press, 2009.

Hirschman, Charles, and Bussarawan Teerawichitchainan. “Cultural and Socioeconomic Influences on Divorce During Modernization: Southeast Asia, 1940s to 1960s.” Population and Development Review 29, no. 2 (June 1, 2003): 215–53. doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2003.00215.x.

Huda, Nor. Sejarah Sosial Intelektual Islam di Indonesia. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada, 2015.

Ishak, Mohd. Shuhaimi. “Nusantara and Islam: A Study of the History and Challenges in the Preservation of Faith and Identity.” Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2014, 351–59.

Isma’īl Ḥāmid. “A Survey of Theories on the Introduction of Islam In the Malay Archipelago.” Islamic Studies 21, no. 3 (1982): 89–100.

Marsden, William. The History of Sumatra. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1966.

Mohd Nor, Mohd Roslan, Nurhanisah Senin, Khadijah Mohd Khambali Hambali, and Asyiqin Ab Halim. “Survival of Islamic Education in a Secular State: The Madrasah in Singapore.” Journal for Multicultural Education 11, no. 4 (November 13, 2017): 238–49. doi:10.1108/JME-06-2016-0043.

Murfi, A, and Fitriyani. “Islam Nusantara: Religion Dialectic and Cultural for Pluralism-Democratic Society.” KnE Social Sciences 3, no. 5 (May 23, 2018): 44. doi:10.18502/kss.v3i5.2324.

Natsir, M. “Sekilas Proses Masuknya Islam di Kalimantan Barat (Kalbar).” In Seminar Serantau Perkembangan Islam Borneo 1, edited by Jamil Hj. Hamali, 52-57. Universiti Teknologi MARA Serawak: Pusat Penerbit Universiti (UPENA) UT MARA, 2008.

Naveh, Danny, and Nurit Bird David. Animism, Conservation and Imadiacy. The Handbook of Contemporary Animism. New York: Reutledge, 2012.

Noya, Ferdinanda Sherly, Supriyono Supriyono, and Sri Wahyuni. “Strategi Pembelajaran Pendidikan Informal Pada Transfer Pengetahuan Kecakapan Ketog Magic.” Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan 2, no. 9 (September 1, 2017): 1244–48. doi:10.17977/JPTPP.V2I9.9986.

Park, Jaddon, and Sarfaroz Niyozov. “Madrasa Education in South Asia and Southeast Asia: Current Issues and Debates.” Asia Pacific Journal of Education 28, no. 4 (December 2008): 323–51. doi:10.1080/02188790802475372.

Shala, Arif, and Albulene Grajcevci. “Formal and Non-Formal Education in the New Era.” Action Researcher in Education, no. 7 (2016): 119–30.

Sulistio, Budi. Majapahit dan Islam Nusantara. Jakarta: SPs UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, 2017.

Published
2020-06-23
How to Cite
Nurbaiti. (2020). Islamic Education: The Main Path of Islamization in Southeast Asia. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 8(2), 345-374. https://doi.org/10.14421/jpi.2019.82.345-374